Monilinia laxa Aderh. and Ruhl. is the predominant causal agent of brown rot disease of stone fruit orchards, especially sweet cherries. The objective of this study was to identify reaction in response of nine genotypes cherry, with different pomological properties, against brown rot. These genotypes were harvested at commercial maturity from orchard in the Fruit Research Institute in Rimski Šančevi. The studied genotypes showed significant differences in terms of the occurrence of disease on fruits, both under artificial inoculation and infection in the field. Given the fact that sweet cherry fruits are prone to infection by a number of pathogens in the field, biochemical parameters were analysed on artificially inoculated fruits. Biochemical analysis of fruits determined significant differences in contents of total phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins, as well as in antioxidant activity. It was genotype specificities and intensity of infection, as well as the interaction of the two that induced differences in the secondary biomolecules content and antioxidant activity. The majority of the genotypes examined showed high polyphenolics content, while under the infection, the content was significantly lower. Based on the results obtained, the secondary metabolites content can be used as one of the parameters for evaluating the resistance of sweet cherry genotypes to brown rot.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
ABE N MURATA T HIROTA A: Novel DPPH radical scavengers bisorbicillinol and demethyltrichodimerol from a Fungus. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 62:661-666 1998.
BENZIE IFF STRAIN JJ: Ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay: Direct measure of total antioxidant activity of biological fluids and modified version for simultaneous measurement of total antioxidant power and ascorbic acid concentration. Methods Enzymol. 299:15-27 1999.
BENZIE IFF STRAIN JJ: Ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) as a measure of antioxidant power: The FRAP assay. Anal Biochem. 239:70-76 1996.
BORGUINI RG DA SILVA TORRES EAF: Tomatoes and tomato products as dietary sources of antioxidants. Food Rev. Int. 25(4):313-325 2009.
BOSTOCK RM WILCOX SM WANG G ADASKAVEG JE: Suppression of Monilinia fructicola cutinase production by peach fruit surface phenolic acids. Physiol. Mol. Plant. Pathol. 54:37-50 1999.
BRITTON G.: The biochemistry of natural pigments Cambridge University Press Cambridge UK. 1983.
BROWN SK WILCOX WF: Evaluation of cherry genotypes for resistance to fruit infection by Monilinia fructicola (Wint.) Honey. Hortscience 24: 1013-1025 1989.
CHENG GW BREEN BJ: Activity of phenylalanyl ammonialyase (PAL) and concentrations of anthocyanins and phenolics in developping strawberry fruit. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116:865-868 1991.
DEMIRSOY L DEMIRSOY H: The epidermal characteristics of fruit skin of some sweet cherry cultivars in relation to fruit cracking. Pak. J. Bot. 36:725-731 2004.
FOGLE HW: Inheritance of fruit colour in sweet cherries. J. Heredity. 49:294-298 1958.
FOGLE HW: Inheritance of some fruit and tree characteristics in sweet cherry crosses. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 78:76-85 1961.
GIBERT C CHADOEUF J NICOT P VERCAMBRE G GENARD M LESCOURRET F: Modelling the effect of cuticular crack surface area and inoculum density on the probability of nectarine fruit infection by Monilinia laxa. Plant Pathol. 58:1021- 1031 2009.
GRADZIEL TM BOSTOCK RM ADASKAVEG JE: Resistance to brown rot disease in peach is determined by multiple structural and biochemical components. Acta Hortic. 622:347-352 2003.
HOLB IJ: Possibilities of brown rot management in organic stone fruit production in Hungary. Int. J. Hortic. Sci. 12:87-91 2006.
HOLB IJ: Brown rot blossom blight of pome and stone fruits: symptom disease cycle host resistance and biological control. Int. J. Hortic. Sci. 14:15-21 2008.
HONG C HOLTZ BA MORGAN DP MICHAILIDES TJ: Significance of thinned fruit as a source of the secondary inoculum of Monilinia fructicola in California nectarine orchards. Plant Dis. 81: 519-524 1997.
HRUSTIĆ J MIHAJLOVIĆ M GRAHOVAC M DELIBAŠIĆ G BULAJIĆ A KRSTIĆ B TANOVIĆ B: Genus Monilinia on pome and stone fruit species. Pestic Phytomed (Belgrade). 27(4):283-97 2012.
IEZZONI A. SCHMIDT H. ALBERTINI A.: Cherries. In: J.N. Moore and J.R. Ballington (eds.) Genetic Resources of Temperate Fruit and Nut Crops. Acta Hort. 290: pp.111-173 1991.
KIPROVSKI B. MALENČIĆ Đ POPOVIĆ M STOJŠIN V BUDAKOV D ĆURČIĆ Ž DANOJEVIĆ D: Correlation between lipid peroxidation and phenolics content in leaves and roots of sugar beet infected with Rhizoctonia solani. Phytoparasitica. 42:199-203 2014.
KROYER GT: Red clover extract as antioxidant active and functional food ingredient. Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 5(1):101-105 2004.
LARENA I. TORRES R DE CAL A LIÑÁN M MELGAREJO P DOMENICHINI P BELLINI A MANDRIN JF OCHOA DE ERIBE X USALL J: Biological control of postharvest brown rot (Monilinia spp.) of peaches by field applications of Epicoccum nigrum. Biol Control. 32: 305-310 2005.
MAHMOOD T ANWAR F BHATTI IA IQBAL T: Effect of maturity on proximate composition phenolics and antioxidant attributes of cherry fruit Pak. J. Bot. 45(3): 909-914 2013.
MARKHAM K.R.: Flavones flavonols and their glycosides. Dey PM Harborne JB eds. Methods in Plant Biochemistry Vol 1 Plant Phenolics. London UK: Academic Press p. 197-235. 1989.
OGAVA J.M. E.I. ZEHR E.I. BIRD W.: Brown rot. In: Ogawa J.M. Zehr E.I. Bird G.W. Ritchie D.F. Uriu K. Uyemoto J.K. (eds). Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. American Phytopathological Society St. Paul MN. 1995.
PRVULOVIĆ D. MALENČIĆ Đ. POPOVIĆ LJUBOJEVIĆ M. and OGNJANOV V.: Antioxidant properties of sweet cherries (Prunus avium) - role of phenolic compounds. ICABBBE - International Conference on Agricultural Biosystems Biotechnology Biological Engenering Venice Italy. World Academy of Science Engenering and Technology. 1149-1152. 2011.
SANSAVINI S LUGLI S: Sweet cherry breeding programs in Europe and Asia. Acta Hortic. 795:41-57 2008.
SERRANO M GUILLEN F MARTINEZ-ROMERO D CASTILLO S VALERO D: Chemical constituents and antioxidant activity of sweet cherry at different ripening stages. J. Agric. Food Chem. 53:2741-2745 2005.
STRACK D.: Phenolic metabolism. In: Dey PM Harborne JB eds. Plant Biochemistry. London UK: Academic Press p. 387-416 1997.
TEHMINA A SABIN F SANA A: Physiological changes in wheat during development of loose smut. Trop. plant pathol. 37(2):102-107 2012.
TYAGI M KAYASTHA MA SINHA B: The role of phenolics and peroxidase to Alternaria triticina in bread wheat. J. Agron. Crop. Sci. 181:29-34 1998.
WALLACE G FRY SC: Phenolic compounds of the plant cell wall. Int. Rev. Cytol. 151:229-267 1994.
WURMS KV: Susceptibility to Botrytis cinerea and curing induced responses to lytic enzymes and phenolics in fruit of two kiwifruit (Actinidia) cultivars. NZ J. Crop Hort. 33:25-35 2005.