Review on Challenges and Limitations for Algae-Based Wastewater Treatment

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Microalgae biomass production is recognized as a cost-effective and sustainable alternative to currently used approaches to tertiary wastewater treatment. However, such limitations, as algae biomass separation from water, process efficiency in cold climate and the algae biomass ability to reduce micropollutant content in wastewater hamper this method from full-scale use. This review discusses the identified drawbacks and offers possible improvements and modifications for wastewater phycobioremediation.

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