Specifics of soil temperature under winter wheat canopy

Open access

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the course of soil temperature under the winter wheat canopy and to determine relationships between soil temperature, air temperature and partly soil moisture. In addition, the aim was to describe the dependence by means of regression equations usable for phytopathological prediction models, crop development, and yield models. The measurement of soil temperatures was performed at the experimental field station ˇZabˇcice (Europe, the Czech Republic, South Moravia). The soil in the first experimental plot is Gleyic Fluvisol with 49-58% of the content particles measuring < 0.01 mm, in the second experimental plot, the soil is Haplic Chernozem with 31-32% of the content particles measuring < 0.01 mm. The course of soil temperature and its specifics were determined under winter wheat canopy during the main growth season in the course of three years. Automatic soil temperature sensors were positioned at three depths (0.05, 0.10 and 0.20 m under soil surface), air temperature sensor in 0.05 m above soil surface. Results of the correlation analysis showed that the best interrelationships between these two variables were achieved after a 3-hour delay for the soil temperature at 0.05 m, 5-hour delay for 0.10 m, and 8-hour delay for 0.20 m. After the time correction, the determination coefficient reached values from 0.75 to 0.89 for the depth of 0.05 m, 0.61 to 0.82 for the depth of 0.10 m, and 0.33 to 0.70 for the depth of 0.20 m. When using multiple regression with quadratic spacing (modeling hourly soil temperature based on the hourly near surface air temperature and hourly soil moisture in the 0.10-0.40 m profile), the difference between the measured and the model soil temperatures at 0.05 m was −2.16 to 2.37 ◦ C. The regression equation paired with alternative agrometeorological instruments enables relatively accurate modeling of soil temperatures (R2 = 0.93).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Ahmad M. F. Rasul G. 2008: Prediction of soil temperature by air temperature; a case study for Faisalabad. Pakistan Journal of Meteorology 5 9 19-27.

  • Casanova J. J. Judge J. Jones J. W. 2006: Calibration of the CERES-maize model for linkage with a microwave remote sensing model. Transactions of the ASABE 49 3 783-792.

  • Derron J. O. Bertossa M. Bruneti R. Colombi L. 2005: Flight phenology of western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) in Switzerland South of the Alps. Revue Suisse d‘Agriculture 37 61-64.

  • Devine W. D. Harrington C. A. 2007: Influence of harvest residues and vegetation on microsite soil and air temperatures in a young conifer plantation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 145 125-138.

  • Fortin M. C. 1993: Soil temperature soil water and no-till corn development following in-row residue removal. Agronomy Journal 85 3 571-576.

  • Franzaring J. H¨ogy P. Erbs M. Fangmeier A. 2010: Responses of canopy and soil climate in a six year free-air CO2 enrichment study with spring crops. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150 354-360.

  • Gupta S. C. Radke J. K. Larson W. E. 1981: Predicting temperatures of bare and residue covered soils with and without a corn crop. Soil Science Society of America Journal 45 2 405-412.

  • Han H. Ning T. Li Z. 2013: Effects of tillage and weed management on the vertical distrubution of microclimate and grain yield in a winter wheat field. Plant Soil and Environment 59 5 201-207.

  • He J. Li H. McHugh A. D. Wang Q. Li H. Rasaily R. G. Sarker K. K. 2012: Seed zone properties and crop performance as affected by three no-till seeders for permanent raised beds in arid Northwest China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 11 10 1654-1664.

  • Hurtalov´a T. Matejka F. 1999: Surface characteristics and energy fluxes above different plant canopies. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 98-99 491-500.

  • Chelle M. Liu S. Ney B. 2009: Which air temperature drives epidemiological processes of fungal folia wheat diseases at leaf scale? Association Fran,caise de Protection des Plantes 9`eme conf´erence international sur les maladies des plantes Tours France 8 et 9 D´ecembre 2009 464-471.

  • Ju Z. Hu Ch. Zhang Y. Chen S. 2010: Effects of temperature rising on soil hydrothermal properties winter wheat growth and yield. InWS3.1 - Climate change: Agriculture food security and human health. 9th European IFSA Symposium Vienna Austria. 1307-1316.

  • Krcmarova J. Pokorny R. Brotan J. Stˇredov´a H. 2013: The course of soil temperature under wheat stand. In MendelNet 2013 Faculty of Agronomy: Mendel University in Brno Czech Republic 2013 94-98.

  • Kurpelova M. Coufal L. Culık J. 1975: Agroklimaticke podmienky CSSR. Hydrometeorologick y ustav Bratislava 270 p. (in Slovak)

  • Licht M. A. Al-Kaisi M. 2005: Strip-tillage effect on seedbed soil temperature and other soil physical properties. Soil and Tillage Research 80 233-249.

  • Luo Y. Loomis R. S. Hsiao T. C. 1992: Simulation of soil temperature in crops. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 61 23-38.

  • Matejka F. Huzul´ak J. 1987: Canopy microclimate analysis (in Slovak). Bratislava: Veda. 228 p.

  • McMaster G. S. Wilhelm W. W. 1998: Is soil temperature better than air temperature for predicting winter wheat phenology? Agronomy Journal 90 602-607.

  • Meier U. 1997: BBCH-Monograph. Growth stages of plants - Entwicklungsstadien von Pflanzen - Estadios de las plantas - D´eveloppement des Plantes. Blackwell Wissenschaftsverlag Berlin und Wien 622 p.

  • Nemecek J. Mack˚u J. Vokoun J. Vavˇr´ıˇcek D. Nov´ak P. 2001: Taxonomick´y klasifikaˇcn´ı syst´em p˚ud ˇCesk´e republiky. EZU a V´UMOP Praha 78 p. (in Czech)

  • Pierson F. B. Wight J. R. 1991: Variability of near-surface soil temperature on sagebrush rangeland. Journal of Range Management 44 5 491-497.

  • Pokladn´ıkov´a H. Roˇznovsk´y J. 2006: The soil temperature at Pohoˇrelice station during the years 1961 to 2000. Contrib. Geophys. Geod. 36 3 317-327.

  • Pokladnıkov´a H. Roˇznovsk´y J. 2007: Method of completing missing data of soil temperature. Contrib. Geophys. Geod. 37 3 247-261.

  • Porte A. Huard F. Dreyfus P. 2004: Microclimate beneath pine plantation semi-mature pine plantation and mixed broadleaved-pine forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 126 1-2 175-182.

  • Prevost M. Pothier D. 2003: Partial cuts in a trembling aspen - conifer stand: effects on microenvironmental conditions and regeneration dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33 1-15.

  • Rodskjer N. Tuvesson M. Wallsten K. 1989: Soil temperature during the growth period in winter wheat spring barley and ley compared with that under a bare soil surface at Ultuna Sweden. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research 19 193-202.

  • Sandor R. Fodor N. 2012: Simulation of soil temperature dynamics with models using different concepts. The Scientific World Journal 2012 article ID 590287 8 p.

  • Sharma P. Shukla M. K. Sammis T. W. 2010: Predicting soil temperature using air temperature and soil crop and meteorological parameters for three specialty crops in southern New Mexico. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 26 1 47-58.

  • Streda T. Vahala O. Stˇredov´a H. 2013: Prediction of adult western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) emergence. Plant Protection Science 49 2 89-97.

  • Stredova H. Fukalov´a P. Stˇreda T. 2012: Comparison of soil frost depth and its duration determined by soil frost tube and soil temperature interpolation. Contrib. Geophys. Geod. 42 3 255-268.

  • Toy T. J. Kuhaida A. J. Munson B. E. 1978: The prediction of mean monthly soil temperature from mean monthly air temperature Soil Science 126 96-104.

  • Wang H. Cutforth H. McCaig T. McLeod G. Brandt K. Lemke R. Goddard T. Sprout C. 2009: Predicting the time to 50% seedling emergence in wheat using a Beta model. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 57 65-71.

  • Weber P. Rennenberg H. 1996: Exchange of NO and NO2 between wheat canopy monoliths and the atmosphere. Plant and Soil 180 197-208.

  • Wort D. J. 1940: Soil temperature and growth of Marquis Wheat. Plant Physiology 15 2 335-342.

  • Zheng D. Hunt E. R. Running S. W. 1993: A daily soil temperature model based on air temperature and precipitation for continental applications. Climate Research 2 183-191.

  • Zalud Z. Brotan J. Hlavinka P. Trnka M. 2013: Trends in temperature and precipitation in the period of 1961-2010 in ˇZabˇcice locality. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 61 5 1521-1531. 223

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.52

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.312
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.615

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 119 50 0
PDF Downloads 74 37 1