Starting with Andrew Jackson, presidential candidates in the United States used campaign biographies as useful political tools, and since 1824 no presidential election year has passed without a campaign biography. Martin Van Buren, President Jackson’s successor in the White House, became a target of a vicious campaign intended to prevent his election. His Whig opponents used a number of literary genres to slander him, including a mock campaign biography and a novel. The article focuses on the portrayal of Martin Van Buren in The Life of Martin Van Buren, allegedly written by Davy Crockett in 1835, and a novel named The Partisan Leader; A Tale of the Future, written by Nathaniel Beverley Tucker in 1836. Though being of different genres, these curious and obscure works have certain things in common - they were written under pseudonyms, their main goal was to prevent the election of Martin Van Buren and both of them failed in their goal.
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Brugger Robert J. Beverley Tucker. Heart over Head in the Old South. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press 1978.
Cole Donald B. Martin Van Buren and the American Political System. Fort Washington: Eastern National 2004.
Crockett David. The Life of Martin Van Buren. Philadelphia: Robert Wright 1835.
Hauck Richard Boyd. “The Man in the Buckskin Hunting Shirt: Fact and Fiction in the Crockett Story.” Davy Crockett: The Man the Legend the Legacy (1786-1986) edited by Michael A. Lofaro Knoxville: The U of Tennessee Press 1986 pp. 3-20.
Hutton Andrew. Introduction. A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett of the State of Tennessee by David Crockett. Lincoln: The U of Nebraska Press 1987 pp. ix-xxxviii.
Lepore Jill. “Bound for Glory.” New Yorker 20 October 2008. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2008/10/20/bound-for-glory. Accessed 13 April 2017.
Lofaro Michael A. “Two Hundred Years. A Crockett Chronology.” Davy Crockett: The Man the Legend the Legacy (1786-1986) edited by Michael A. Lofaro Konxville: The U of Tennessee Press 1986 pp. xviii-xxiii.
Lundberg James M. “Nathaniel Hawthorne Party Hack.” Slate Magazine 14 September 2012. <http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/history/2012/09/nathaniel_hawthorne_s_biography_of_franklin_pierce_why_d_he_write_it_.html>. Accessed 15 June 2017.
Owsley Frank L. Introduction. The Life of Andrew Jackson by John Reid and John Henry Eaton Tuscaloosa: The U of Alabama Press 2007 pp. v-xiv.
Parrington Vernon L. Main Currents of American Thought Vol. II: The Romantic Revolution in America 1800-1860. Norman: U of Oklahoma Press 1987.
Pecina Jozef. The Representation of War in Nineteenth-Century American Novels. Trnava: Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda v Trnave 2015.
Pecina Jozef. “Nathaniel Beverley Tucker’s The Partisan Leader: A Preview of the Civil War.” Hradec Králové Journal of Anglophone Studies vol. 3 no. 1 2016 pp. 63-67.
Steel Ronald. “The Vanishing Campaign Biography.” The New York Times 5 August 1984. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/08/05/books/the-vanishing-campaign-biography.html?pagewanted=all. Accessed 21 June 2017.
Tucker Nathaniel B. A Key to Disunion Conspiracy: The Partisan Leader. New York: Rudd & Carleton 1861.
Wrobel Arthur. “‘Romantic Realism’: Nathaniel Beverley Tucker”. American Literature vol. 42 no. 3 1970 pp. 325-335.