Nature-based ecotourism has been a growing trend, especially in rural areas where balance with the environment is desirable and it turns into a driver for economic and social development. An ecotourism cooperative operating in the “El Verde Camacho” Sanctuary, is an example of collaborative work between the government experts and the community. The cooperative was created with the support of the National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP, in Spanish Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas), developed and funded by this government office, it involved the advice of experts in ecology as well as cooperative’s management and residents of “El Recreo” community. This study aims to describe the involvement process and community management as well as the benefits derived from ecotourism according to the reviewed literature; a case study with a qualitative approach was defined in the Sanctuary in this regard. Semi-structured interviews were used to discover community members’ perception of management involvement and benefits of ecotourism. The findings show positive opinions of community residents.
Adeyinka-Ojo, S. F., Khoo-Lattimore, C., & Nair, V. (2014). A Framework for Rural Tourism Destination Management and Marketing Organisations. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 144, 151–163. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.284.
Allan, M. (2015). Geotourism: an opportunity to enhance geoethics and boost geoheritage appreciation. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 419(1), 25–29.
Blamey, R. K. (2001). Principles of ecotourism. The encyclopedia of ecotourism, 5–22.
Boyd, S. W., & Butler, R. W. (1996). Managing ecotourism: an opportunity spectrum approach. Tourism Management, 17(8), 557–566. DOI: 10.1016/S0261–5177(96)00076–3.
Brenner, L., & San German, S. (2012). Gobernanza local para el “ecoturismo” en la Reserva de la Biosfera Mariposa Monarca, México. Alteridades, 22(44), 131–146.
Buckley, R. (2009). Evaluating the net effects of ecotourism on the environment: a framework, first assessment, and future research. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17(6), 643–672. DOI: 10.1080/09669580902999188.
Choi, H. S. C., & Sirakaya, E. (2006). Sustainability indicators for managing community tourism. Tourism Management, 27(6), 1274–1289. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2005.05.018.
Cleverdon, R., & Kalisch, A. (2000). Fairtrade in tourism. The International Journal of Tourism Research, 2(3), 171.
Das, M., & Chatterjee, B. (2015). Ecotourism: A panacea or a predicament? Tourism Management Perspectives, 14(April), 3–16. DOI: 10.1016/j.tmp.2015.01.002.
Dowling, R. K. (2013). Global geotourism–an emerging form of sustainable tourism. Czech Journal of Tourism, 2(2), 59–79. DOI: 10.2478/cjot-2013–0004.
Ehsan, S., Leman, M. S., & Ara Begum, R. (2013). Geotourism: A tool for sustainable development of geoheritage resources. Advanced Materials Research, 622, 1711–1715.
Foucat, V. S. A. (2002). Community-based ecotourism management moving towards sustainability, in Ventanilla, Oaxaca, Mexico. Ocean & Coastal Management, 45, 511–529.
Garrod, B. (2003). Local Participation in the Planning and Management of Ecotourism: A Revised Model Approach. Journal of Ecotourism, 2(1), 33–53. DOI: 10.1080/14724040308668132.
Hancock, D. R., & Algozzine, B. (2011). Doing Case Study Research: A Practical Guide for Beginning Researchers. New York/London: Teachers College Press.
Hetzer, N. D. (1965). Environment, Tourism, Culture. UNNS, Reported Ecosphere (pp 1–3). UNNS.
Idajati, H., Pamungkas, A., & Vely Kukinul, S. (2016). The Level of Participation in Mangrove Ecotourism Development, Wonorejo Surabaya. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 227, 515–520. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.06.109.
Jones, S. (2005). Community-based ecotourism: The significance of social capital. Annals of Tourism Research, 32(2), 303–324. DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2004.06.007.
Kiss, A. (2004). Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19(5), 3–8. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2004.03.010.
Liu, J., Qu, H., Huang, D., Chen, G., Yue, X., Zhao, X., & Liang, Z. (2014). The role of social capital in encouraging residents’ pro-environmental behaviors in community-based ecotourism. Tourism Management, 41, 190–201. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2013.08.016.
Manyara, G., & Jones, E. (2007). Community-based tourism enterprises development in Kenya: An exploration of their potential as avenues of poverty reduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(6), 628–644. DOI: 10.2167/jost723.0.
Marzo-Navarro M., Pedraja-Iglesias M., & Vinzón L. (2015) Sustainability indicators of rural tourism from the perspective of the residents. Tourism Geographies, 17(4), 586–602. DOI: 10.1080/14616688.2015.1062909.
Merriam, S. B. (1998). Case Studies as Qualitative Research. Case study research in education: a qualitative approach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Ramos, A. M., & Prideaux, B. (2013). Indigenous ecotourism in the Mayan rainforest of Palenque: empowerment issues in sustainable development. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(3), 461–479. DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2013.828730.
Roseland, M. (2000). Sustainable community development: integrating environmental, economic, and social objectives. Progress in Planning, 54(2), 73–132. DOI: 10.1016/S0305–9006(00)00003–9.
Ross, S., & Wall, G. (1999). Ecotourism: Towards congruence between theory and practice. Tourism Management, 20(1), 123–132. DOI: 10.1016/S0261–5177(98)00098–3.
Scheyvens, R. (1999). Ecotourism and the Empowerment of Local Communities Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities. Tourism Management, 20, 245–249. DOI: 10.1016/S0261–5177(98)00069–7.
Stake, E. R. (2005). Qualitative case studies. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (pp. 443–466). Thousand Oaks/London/New Delhi: Sage Publications.
Stronza, A., & Gordillo, J. (2008). Community Views of Ecotourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 35(2), 448–468. DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2008.01.002.
Tolkach, D., & King, B. (2015). Strengthening Community-Base Tourism in a new resourcebase island nation: Why and how? Tourism Management, 15, 386–398. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2014.12.013.
Tsaur, S., Lin, Y., & Lin, J. (2006). Evaluating ecotourism sustainability from the integrated perspective of resource, community, and tourism. Tourism Management, 27, 640–653. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2005.02.006.
Weaver, D. B., & Lawton, L. J. (2007). Twenty years on: The state of contemporary ecotourism research. Tourism Management, 28(5), 1168–1179.
Wood, M. E. (2002). Ecotourism: Principles, practices and policies for sustainability. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP.
Yin, R. K. (1994). Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks/London/New Delhi: Sage Publications.