Geomorphosite assessment for geotourism purposes

Open access

Abstract

The article briefly examines the relationship between geodiversity, geoheritage (represented by geosites and geomorphosites) and geotourism. It is obvious that geosites and geomorphosites represent a fundamental resource for geotourism. As geosites are defined as sites that present particular importance for the comprehension of the Earth history and bear mainly scientific values, geomorphosites concept is wider and includes also added values (e. g. cultural, aesthetic and economic). Therefore, for assessing the importance of the geological and geomorphological sites for geotourism purposes, the concept of geomorphosites is more appropriate. The article presents several assessment methods that represent a significant tool for geoconservation and geotourism purposes. The assessment is carried out from several perspectives with an emphasis on scientific, cultural and economic parameters of the sites. The results of the assessment can serve as a basis for appropriate use of geoheritage, its management and generally for identification of geotourism potential of the geological and geomorphological sites. To find out which method is suitable for geotourism purposes, it is necessary to take into account the definitions and principles of geotourism. Different assessment methods are analysed and discussed. Based on this, the proposal for criteria for geosite and geomorphosite assessment for geotourism purposes is presented.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Andrasanu A. (2009). Geoeducation - a key part of Geoconservation. Abstract. Studia UniversitatisBabeş-Bolyai. Geologia Special Issue MAEGS - 16 pp. 5. Retrieved from http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/maegs16/volume/1%20secondary%20school%20nou.pdf.

  • Australian Heritage Commission. (1996). Australian Natural Heritage Charter: Standards and principlesfor the conservation of the places of natural heritage significance. Sydney: Australian Heritage Commission and Australian Committee for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Retrieved from http://www.defence.gov.au/environment/heritagechart.pdf

  • Australian Heritage Commission. (2002). Australian Natural Heritage Charter: Standards and principlesfor the conservation of the places of natural heritage significance. 2nd edition. Canberra: Australian Heritage Commission and Australian Committee for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Retrieved from http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/56de3d0a-7301-47e2-8c7c-9e064627a1ae/files/australian-natural-heritage-charter.pdf.

  • Barba F. J. Remondo J. & Rivas V. (1997). Propuesta para un procedimiento para armonizar la valoracion de elementos del patrimonio geologico. Zubia 15 11-20. Retrieved from http:// dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=110356.

  • Brilha J. (2005). Patrimonio Geologico e Geoconservacao: a Conservacao da Natureza na sua VertenteGeologica. Braga: Palimage Editores.

  • Bruschi V. M. (2007). Desarrollo de una metodologia para la caracterizacion evaluacion y gestion de losrecursos de la geodiversidad (Doctoral dissertation). Santander: Universidad de Cantabria.

  • Bruschi V. M. & Cendrero A. (2005). Geosite Evaluation; Can we measure intangible values? IlQuaternario 18(1) 293-306.

  • Burek C. V. & Prosser C. D. (Eds.). (2008). The History of Geoconservation: an introduction. London: Geological Society 1-5. DOI: 10.1144/SP300.1.

  • Cleal C. J. (2007). Geoconservation - what on Earth are we doing? In Hlad B. & Herlec U. (Eds.) Regional Conference on Geoconservation: Geological heritage in the South-European Europe. Book of abstracts (p. 25). Ljubljana: Environmnetal Agency of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved from http://arsis.net/circular/ProGEO-Abstract.pdf.

  • Comanescu L. & Dobre R. (2009). Inventorying evaluating and tourism valuating the geomorphosites from the central sector of the Cealhau National park. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites 1(3) 86-96.

  • Comanescu L. et al. (2009). Inventorying and evaluation of geomorphosites in the Bucegi Mountains. Forum Geografic. Studii şi cercetări de geografie şi protecţia mediului 8(8) 38-43.

  • Coratza P. & Giusti C. (2005). Methodological proposal for the assessment of the scientific quality of geomorphosites. Il Quaternario 18(1) 305-313.

  • Dingwall P. Weighell T. & Badman T. (2005). Geological world heritage: a global framework. A Contributionto the Global Theme Study of World Heritage Natural Sites. IUCN WCPA UNESCO.

  • Dixon G. (1996). Geoconservation: An International Review and Strategy for Tasmania. Occasional Paper 35. Hobart Tasmania: Parks & Wildlife Service.

  • Dowling R. K. (2011). Geotourism’s Global Growth. Geoheritage 3(1) 1-13. DOI: 10.1007/s12371-010-0024-7.

  • Dowling R. K. & Newsome D. (Eds.). (2006). Geotourism. Oxford: Elsevier Ltd.

  • Eberhard R. (Ed.). (1997). Pattern and Process: Towards a Regional Approach to National Estate Assessmentof Geodiversity. Technical Series No. 2. Canberra: Australian Heritage Commission and Environment Forest Taskforce Environment Australia.

  • Erhartič B. (2010). Geomorphosite assessment. Acta geographica Slovenica 50(2) 295-319. DOI: 10.3986/AGS50206.

  • Giusti C. (2010). From geosites to geomorphosites. Geomorphologie: relief processus environnement 5(2) 123-130.

  • Grandgirard V. (1997). Geomorphologie et gestion du patrimoine naturel. La memoire de la Terre est notre memoire. Geographica Helvetica 52(2) 47-56. DOI: 10.5194/gh-52-47-1997.

  • Grandgirard V. (1999). L’evaluation des geotopes. Geologia Insubrica 4 59-66.

  • Gray M. (2004). Geodiversity: Valuing and Conserving Abiotic Nature. Chichester: John Wiley.

  • Grube A. & Wiedenbein F.W. (1992). Geotopschutz eine wichtige Aufgabe der Geowissenschaften. Die Geowissenschaften 8 215-219.

  • Hose T. A. (1995). Selling the Story of Britain’s Stone. Environmental Interpretation 10(2) 16-17.

  • Hose T. A. (2000). European Geotourism - Geological Interpretation and Geoconservation Promotion for Tourists. In Barretino D. Wimbledon W. A. P. & Gallego E. (Eds.) Geologicalheritage: its conservation and management (pp. 127-146). Madrid: Sociedad Geologica deEspana/ Instituto Technologico GeoMinero de Espana/ProGEO.

  • Hose T. A. (2008). Towards a history of geotourism: definitions antecedents and the future. In Burek C. V. & Prosser C. D. (Eds.) The History of Geoconservation: an introduction. London: Geological Society. Hose T. A. (2012). 3G’s for Modern Geotourism. Geoheritage 4 (1-2) 7-24.

  • Ilies D. C. & Josan N. (2007). Preliminary contribution to the investigation of the geosites from Apuseni Mountains (Romania). Revista de geomorfologie 9 53-59.

  • Ilies D. C. et al. (2009). Estimation of the geomorphostructures with geomorphosite valence in the northern part of the Hunedoara County (Western Romania). Analele Universitătii din OradeaSeria Geografie XIX 41-46.

  • Joyce E. B. (2006). Geomorphological sites and the new Geotourism in Australia. Retrieved from http://earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/Joyce/heritage/geotourisminaustralia.html.

  • Kubalikova L. (2011). Hodnoceni geomorfologickych lokalit v kontextu ochrany nežive přirody: připadovastudie ze zapadni časti narodniho parku Podyji a z okoli Maršovskeho žlebu (Doctoral dissertation). Brno: Masaryk University.

  • National Geographic Society. (2005). Geotourism Charter. Retrieved from http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/sustainable/pdf/geotourism_charter_template.pdf.

  • Newsome D. & Dowling R. K. (Eds.). (2010). Geotourism: The tourism of Geology and Landscape. Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers Ltd.

  • Panizza M. (1996). Environmental Geomorphology. Amsterdam: Elsevier Ltd.

  • Panizza M. (2001). Geomorphosites: concepts methods and example of geomorphological survey. Chinese Science Bulletin 46 - Suppl. 4-6. DOI: 10.1007/BF03187227.

  • Panizza M. (2009). The Geomorphodiversity of the Dolomites (Italy): A Key of Geoheritage Assessment. Geoheritage 1(1) 33-42.

  • Panizza M. & Piacente S. (1993). Geomorphological assets evaluation. Zeitschrift fur geomorfologie Supp. Band 87 13-18.

  • Panizza M. & Piacente S. (2005). Geomorphosites: a bridge betwenn scientific research cultural integration and artistic suggestion. Il Quaternario 18 (1) 3-10.

  • Panizza M. & Piacente S. (2008). Geomorphosites and geotourism. Revista Geografica Academica 2(1) 5-9.

  • Pereira P. (2006). Patrimonio geomorfologico: conceptualizacao avaliacao e divulgacao. Aplicacao aoParque Natural de Montesinho (Doctoral dissertation). Braga: Universidade do Minho.

  • Pereira P. & Pereira D. (2010). Methodological guidelines for geomorphosite assessment. Geomorphologie:relief processus environnement 1(3) 215-222.

  • Pereira P. et al. (2007). Geomorphosite assessment in Montesinho Natural Park (Portugal). GeographicaHelvetica 62(3) 159-168.

  • Piacente S. (2005). Geosites and geodiversity for a cultural approach to geology. Il Quaternario 18 (1) 11-14.

  • Pralong J. P. (2003). Valorisation et vulgarisation des sciences de la Terre : les concepts de temps et d’espace. In Reynard E. Holzmann C. Guex D. & Summermatter N. (Eds.) Geomorphologieet tourisme Actes de la Reunion annuelle de la Societe Suisse de Geomorphologie (SSGm) Finhaut 21-23septembre 2001 Travaux et Recherches n° 24 (pp. 115-127). Lausanne: Institut de Geographie.

  • Pralong J. P. (2005). A method for assessing tourist potential and use of geomorphological sites. Geomorphologie: relief processus environnement 1(3) 189-196.

  • Pralong J. P. & Reynard E. (2005). A proposal for a classification of geomorphological sites depending on their tourist value. Il Quaternario 18(1) 315-321.

  • ProGEO. (2011). Conserving our shared geoheritage - a protocol on geoconservation principles sustainablesite use management fieldwork fossil and mineral collecting. Uppsala: ProGEO. Retrieved from http://www.progeo.se/progeo-protocol-definitions-20110915.pdf.

  • Prosser C. Murphy M. & Larwood J. (2011). Geological Conservation: a guide to good practice. Riverside Exchange UK: English Nature.

  • Reynard E. (2004). Geosite. In Goudie A. S. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of geomorphology. London: Routledge.

  • Reynard E. (2005). Geomorphosites et paysages. Geomorphologie: relief processus environnement 1(3) 181-188.

  • Reynard E. (2008). Scientific research and tourist promotion of geomorphological heritage. Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 31 225-230.

  • Reynard E. Coratza P. & Regolini-Bissig G. (Eds.). (2009). Geomorphosites. Mnichov: Verlag.

  • Reynard E. et al. (2003). Geomorphologie et tourisme: quelles relations? In Reynard E. Holzmann C. Guex D. & Summermatter N. (Eds.) Geomorphologie et tourisme Actes de la Reunionannuelle de la Societe Suisse de Geomorphologie (SSGm) Travaux et Recherches n° 24 Finhaut 21-23septembre 2001 (pp. 1-10). Lausanne: Institut de Geographie.

  • Reynard E. et al. (2007). A method for assessing the scientific and additional values of geomorphosites. Geographica Helvetica 62(3) 148-158. DOI: 10.5194/gh-62-148-2007.

  • Reynolds J. (2001). Notes to accompany RIGS recording assessment and designation and notification sheets. In Notes on the UKRIGS Conference 2001. Penirth: UKRIGS Conference. Retrieved from http://wiki.geoconservationuk.org.uk/images/8/8d/Assessinfo.pdf.

  • Serrano Canadas E. & Gonzales-Trueba J. J. (2005). Assessment of geomorphosites in natural protected areas: the Picos de Europa National Park (Spain). Geomorphologie: relief processus environnement 1(3) 197-208 .

  • Sharples C. (1993). A Methodology for the Identification of Significant Landforms and Geological Sites forGeoconservation Purposes. Hobart Tasmania: Forestry Commission Tasmania.

  • Sharples C. (1995). Geoconservation in forest management - principles and procedures. Tasforests 7(12) 37-50.

  • Sharples C. (2002). Concepts and principles of geoconservation. Hobart Tasmania: Parks & Wildlife Service. Retrieved from http://xbiblio.ecologia.edu.mx/biblioteca/Cursos/Manejo/Geoconservation.pdf.

  • Slomka T. & Kicinska-Swiderska A. (2004). Geotourism - the basic concepts. Geoturystyka 1 2-5.

  • Stueve A. M. et al. (2002). The Geotourism Study: Phase 1 Executive Summary. National Geographic Traveller Travel Industry Association of America. Retrieved from http://destinationcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/geotourism1-survey.pdf

  • UNESCO. (1972). Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage. Retrieved from http://whc.unesco.org/archive/convention-en.pdf

  • Vitaliano C. J. (2007). Geomythology. In Piccardi L. & Masse W. B. (Eds.) Myth and Geology. London: Geological Society.

  • Vujicic D. et al. (2011). Preliminary geosite assessment. Acta geographica Slovenica 51(2) 361-377.

  • Zouros N. (2005). Assessment protection and promotion of geomorphological and geological sites in the Aegean area Greece. Geomorphologie: felief processus enivronnement 1(3) 227-234. DOI: 10.4000/geomorphologie.398.

  • Zouros N. (2007). Geomorphosite assessment and management in protected areas of Greece. Case study of the Lesvos Island - coastal geomorphosites. Geographica Helvetica 62(3) 169-180. DOI: 10.5194/gh-62-169-2007.

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 512 299 5
PDF Downloads 478 353 35