The Security Challenges of the “One Belt, One Road” Initiative and China’s Choices

Open access


The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road initiatives (“One Belt, One Road”) are of significance in enhancing China’s open economy. This article explores the dual security challenges faced by the “One Belt, One Road” initiative. These challenges include both traditional security challenges, such as great power competition, territorial and island disputes, and political turmoil in the region, as well as non-traditional threats such as terrorism, piracy, and transnational organized crime. This article analyzes the present situation of security cooperation in the region covered by “One Belt, One Road” and also suggests that China needs to pay special attention to three issues, namely the supply of public security goods, the interests of the United States and Russia, and the pivot of Pakistan, besides developing its own strength.

Mohan, C. R., 2014. Will India Join China’s Maritime Silk Road?. The Indian Express, [online] 15 February. Available at: [Accessed 20 November 2016].

Mitrovic, D., 2016. The Belt and Road: China’s Ambitious Initiative. China International Studies, 4: 76-95.

Clinton, H., 2011a. Remarks on India and the United States: a vision for the 21st Century. U. S. Department of State, [online] 20 July. Available at: [Accessed 20 November 2016].

Clinton, H., 2011b. Remarks at the New Silk Road Ministerial Meeting. U. S. Department of State, [online] 22 September. Available at: [Accessed 20 November 2016].

ICC, 2014. Somali pirate clampdown caused drop in global piracy, IMB reveals. ICC-CCS, [online] 15 January. Available at: [Accessed 20 November 2016].

Chalk, P., 2010. Piracy off the Horn of Africa: Scope, Dimensions, Causes and Responses. Brown Journal of World Affairs, 16(2): 89-108.

Kaplan, R. D., 2009. Center Stage for the 21st Century: Power Plays in the Indian Ocean. Foreign Affairs, 88(2): 16-33.

Rourke, R. O., 2012. China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress. CRS Report for Congress, March 23.

U.S. Department of State, 2010. America’s Engagement in the Asia-Pacific. [online]. Available at: [Accessed 20 November 2016].

Croatian International Relations Review

The Journal of Institute for International Relations

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.147
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.626

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1362 1362 192
PDF Downloads 1071 1071 180