Kinetics of the decomposition and the estimation of the stability of 10% aqueous and non-aqueous hydrogen peroxide solutions

Open access


In this study, the stability of 10% hydrogen peroxide aqueous and non-aqueous solutions with the addition of 6% (w/w) of urea was evaluated. The solutions were stored at 20°C, 30°C and 40°C, and the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide proceeded according to first-order kinetics. With the addition of the urea in the solutions, the decomposition rate constant increased and the activation energy decreased. The temperature of storage also affected the decomposition of substance, however, 10% hydrogen peroxide solutions prepared in PEG-300, and stabilized with the addition of 6% (w/w) of urea had the best constancy.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Ahmad S.I.: Control of skin infections by a combined action of ultraviolet A (from sun or UVA lamp) and hydrogen peroxide (HUVA therapy) with special emphasis on leprosy. Med Hypotheses. 4 484-6 2001.

  • 2. Alfa M.J. Jackson M.: A new hydrogen peroxide based medical device detergent with germicidal properties: composition with enzymatic cleaners. Am. J. Infect. Control. 29 168 2001.

  • 3. Bauer K.H. et al.: (2012). Techonologia postaci leku z elementami biofarmacji. MedPharm Polska.

  • 4. Bittencourt Berge S. et al.: Changes in the stiffness of demineralized dentin following application of tooth whitening agents. Acta Odonto. Scand. 70 56-60 2012.

  • 5. Bradecka B. Krystek A.: Preparation of stable sodium percarbonate an ecologically safe bleach. Przem. Chem. 70 430 1991.

  • 6. Dobado J.A. Molina J. Portal D.: Theoretical Study on the Urea- Hydrogen Peroxide 1:1 Complexes. J. Phys. Chem. A. 102(4) 778-784 1998.

  • 7. Farmakopea Polska wydanie IX (2011). Minister Zdrowia Urząd Rejestracji Produktów Leczniczych Wyrobów Medycznych i Produktów Biobójczych Warszawa.

  • 8. Laat J. Gallard H.: Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide by Fe(III) in Homogeneous Aqueous Solution: Mechanism and Kinetic Modeling. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33 2726-2732 1999.

  • 9. Login R.B. et al.: Stabilization of disinfectant urea-hydrogen peroxide complexes with PVP. US 5183901 (Cl. 548-543; C01B15/01) 02 Feb 1993 Appl. 825359 24 Jan 1992.

  • 10. López-Lázaro M.: Dual role of hydrogen peroxide in cancer: possible relevance to cancer chemoprevention and therapy. Cancer Lett. 8 1-8 2007.

  • 11. Militký J. Čáp J.: Improved parameter estimation in arrhenius type models. Thermochim Acta. 92 77-80 1985.

  • 12. Molski M.: Chemia piękna. Polskie Wydawnictwo Naukowe Warszawa 2012.

  • 13. Siddiquii S. et al.: A study of hydrogen peroxide decomposition in ammonia-peroxide mixtures (APM). Micro. Eng. 103 68-73 2013.

  • 14. Zuń M. et al.: Influence of concentration of the urea on the hydrogen peroxide content in 3% aqueous and non-aqueous solutions stored at different temperatures. Ann UMCS Sect DDD. 2 47-55 2011.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.32

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.154
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.285

Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 310 179 9
PDF Downloads 152 96 12