Prediction of Difficult Tracheal Videolaryngoscopic Intubation Using El-Ganzouri Risk Index

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Summary

Introduction. Unanticipated difficult intubation still exists as a significant problem. El-Ganzouri risk index is a bedside difficult airway evaluation method, which can help determine risk of difficult airways. However, evidence of using of El-Ganzouri risk index in difficult laryngeal visualisation using videolaryngoscopes is limited.

Aim of the Study. Determine the specificity and sensitivity of El-Ganzouri multivariate risk index to predict difficult laryngeal exposure using Storz C-MAC videolaryngoscope equipped with D type blade.

Material and methods. We conducted a study of 29 patients, which were examined using El-Ganzouri risk index before induction of anaesthesia. After induction of anaesthesia videolaryngoscopy was performed using Storz C-MAC videolaryngoscope equipped with D-blade and laryngeal visualisation was graded using Cormack-Lehane scale. After laryngeal visualisation grading endotracheal tube insertion was performed and numbers of attempts as well as complications during intubation were recorded. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated, receiver operating characteristic curve and area under curve was obtained.

Results. Sensitivity and specificity were 54.2% and 80.0% at El-Ganzouri risk index cut-off value of 2 points. Calculated positive predictive value was 26.7% and negative predictive value was 92.9%. Calculated AUC was 78.3%.

Conclusions. El-Ganzouri risk index shows moderate sensitivity and specificity when used with Storz C-MAC videolaryngoscope. It can be used to predict difficult laryngeal visualization during videolaryngoscopic intubation.

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Acta Chirurgica Latviensis

The Journal of Riga Stradins University; Latvian Association of Surgeons; Latvian Association of Paediatric Surgeons

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