Does Local Application of Strontium Increase Osteogenesis and Biomaterial Osteointegration in Osteoporotic and Other Bone Tissue Conditions: Review of Literature

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Summary

Osteoporosis and other pathological bone conditions can impair bone regeneration properties, consuming in increased morbidity and decreased quality of life. Changes of bone healing can result in poor osteointegration and surgical failures if implants are used. To overcome and facilitate bone regeneration, more attempts are made to develop an ideal synthetic scaffold with better biocompatibility, osteoconductivity, bioactivity, osteoinductivity and interconnected porosity. It is considered that strontium, being similar to calcium, can be incorporated into the mineral phase of the bone remodeling. This quality had led strontium to be used as an osteoporotic medication to improve quality of bone and to reduce the risk of bone fractures. Also local application of strontium has been widely used within different biomaterials in tissue engineering researches.

In this review authors wanted to provide an overview about strontium, its mechanisms of action in bone tissue and initiated changes of bone remodeling within biomaterials.

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Acta Chirurgica Latviensis

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