Salinity Tolerance of Black Gram Cultivars During Germination and Early Seedling Growth

M.K. Hasan 1 , M.S. Islam 1 , M.R. Islam 1 , 2 , H.N. Ismaan 1 , 3  und A. El Sabagh 4
  • 1 Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh
  • 2 Agronomy Division, Pulse Research Centre (BARI), , Pabna, Bangladesh
  • 3 Faculty of Agriculture, Benadir University, , Somalia
  • 4 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt

Abstract

A laboratory experiment regarding germination and seedling growth test was conducted with three black gram genotypes tested under three salinity levels (0, 75 and 150 mM), for 10 days, in sand culture within small plastic pot, to investigate the germination and seedling growth characteristics. Different germination traits of all black gram genotypes, like germination percentage (GP), germination rate (GR), coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) greatly reduced, as well as mean germination time (MGT) increased with increasing salt stress. At high salt stress, BARI Mash-3 provided the highest GP reduction (28.58%), while the lowest was recorded (15.79% to control) in BARI Mash-1. Salinity have the negative impact on shoot and root lengths, fresh and dry weights. The highest (50.32% to control) and lowest reduction (36.39%) of shoot length were recorded in BARI Mash-2 and BARI Mash-1, respectively, under 150 mM NaCl saline conditions. There were significant reduction of root lengths, root fresh and dry weight, shoot length, shoot fresh and dry weight in all genotypes under saline condition. The genotypes were arranged as BARI Mash-1 > BARI Mash-3 > BARI Mash-2, with respect to salinity tolerance.

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