Intercropping is one of the most important and sustaibale cropping practice in agro-ecosystems. The study was conducted under field conditions in the arid Horqine sandy land in Baicheng District, Jilin Province, Northern China in 2011. A randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Treatments comprised different mono cropping and intercropping patterns, TO: sole cropping of oat, TOS-O: oat in the intercropping of oat and soybean, TOG-O: oat in the intercropping of oat and groundnut, TS: sole cropping of soybean, TOS-S: soybean in intercropping of oat and soybean, TG: sole cropping of groundnut, TOG-G: groundnut in the intercropping of oat and groundnut. In intercropping patterns, oat in oat-groundnut had obtained the highest dry matter in all stages. The highest value of protein percentage and organic matter in heading stage, grain filling stage, and grain dough stage was achieved in groundnut in oatgroundnut intercropping. The maximum value of protein percentage and organic matter in booting stage and ripening stage was related to soybean in oat-soybean intercropping. The results of this study clearly indicate that intercropping oat and groundnut affects the growth rate of the individual species in mixtures as well as the dry matter yield and nitrogen accumulation. The highest seed yield was obtained for mono-cropping of soybean, followed by mono-cropping of groundnut and oat. Oat seed yield intercropping of oat and groundnut, and intercropping of oat and soybean were 1208.00 kg/ha, and 832.3 kg/ha, respectively. The highest grain yield was obtained when soybean was grown together with oat, where the higher yield of intercrop is due to the better usage of nutrient, water and light. LER in all intercropping patterns were higher than 1. LER in intercropping of soybean and oat, and intercropping of groundnut and oat were 1.41, and 1.30, respectively. With these LER values, 29.07% and 23.07% of land were, respectively, saved in intercropping of soybean and oat, and intercropping of groundnut and oat, respectively, which could be used for other agricultural purposes. In both intercropping of soybean and oat, and intercropping of groundnut and oat, CI were less than 1, which means that both these two intercropping patterns have positive effects.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Arshad M. & Ranamukhaarachchi S.L. (2012). Effects of legume type planting pattern and time of establishment on growth and yield of sweet sorghum-legume intercropping. Aust.J.Crop Sci. 6(8): 1265-1274.
Banik P. Midya A. Sarker B.K. & Ghose S.S. (2006). Wheat and chickpea intercropping systems in an additive series experiment: Advantages and weed smothering. Eur.J.Agron. 24: 325-332.
Begna S.H. Fielding D.J. Tsegaye T. Van Veldhuizen R. Angadi S. & Smith D.L. (2011). Intercropping of oat and field pea in Alaska: An alternative approach to qualify forage production and weed control. Acta Agr.Scand. B-S P. 61: 235-244.
Bekele K. & Sommartya T. (2006). Effect of intercropping on potato late blight Phytophthora infestans de Bary development and potato tuber yield in Ethiopia. Kasetsart J.(Nat. Sci.) 40: 914-924.
Chen G. Guo L.-M. Ren C.-Z. Guo L.-C. Zhao G.-J. Hu Y.-G. & Zeng Z.-H. (2012). Effects of two row spaces and intercropping on forage and crude protein yields of oat (Avena sativa L.) and common vetch (Vicia sativa L.). Acta Agronomica Sinica 37(11): 2066-2074.
Crews T.E. & Peoples M.B. (2004). Legume versus fertilizer sources of nitrogen: ecological trade offs and human needs. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 102: 279-297.
Dua V.K. Lal S.S. & Govindakrishnan P.M. (2005). Production potential and competition indices in potato + French bean intercropping system in Shimla Hills. Indian J.Agr.Sci. 75(6): 321-327.
Ebwongu M. Adipala E. Ssekabeme C.K. Kyamanywa S. & Bhagsari A. (2001). Effects of intercropping maize and potato on yield of the component crops in Central Uganda. Afr.Crop Sci.J. 9: 83-96.
Ghaderi G.R. Gazanchian A. & Yousefi M. (2008). The forage production comparison of alfalfa and wheatgrass as affected by seeding rate on mixed and pure cropping. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. 15(2): 256-268 (in Persian).
Ghosh P.K. (2004). Growth yield competition and economics of groundnut/cereal fodder intercropping systems in the semiarid tropics of India. Field Crops Res. 88(2): 227-237.
Han C. Borman C. Osantowski D. Wagnitz J. Koehler-Cole K. Korus K. Sonderegger E. Werle R. Wood T. & Lindquist J.L. (2012). Productivity of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) and spring oat (Avena sativa L.) grown as sole and intercrops under different nitrogen levels. J.Agric.Sci. 4(11): 136-143.
Hauggaard-Nielsen H. Ambus P. & Jensen E.S. (2001). Interspecific competition N use interference with weeds in pea-barley intercropping. Field Crops Res. 70: 101-109.
Hauggaard-Nielsen H. Andersen M.K. Jørnsgaard B. & Jensen E.S. (2006). Density and relative frequency effects on competitive interactions and resource use in pea-barley intercrops. Field Crops Res. 95: 256-267.
Hauggaard-Nielsen H. Gooding M. Ambus P. Corre-Hellou G. Crozat Y. Dahlman C. Dibet A. von Fragstein P. Pristeri A. Monti M. & Jensen E.S. (2009). Pea-barley intercropping for efficient symbiotic N2-fixation soil N acquisition and use of other nutrients in European organic cropping systems. Field Crops Res. 113(1): 65-71.
Ijoyah M.O. & Fanen F.T. (2012). Effects of different cropping pattern on performance of maize-soybean mixture in Makurdi Nigeria. Scientific Journal of Crop Science 1(2): 39-47.
Jaurena G. Moorby J.M. & Davies D.R. (2005). Efficiency of microbial protein synthesis on red clover and ryegrass silages supplemented with barley by rumen simulation technique (RUSITEC). Anim. Feed Sci.Techn. 118(1): 79-91.
Javanmard A. Dabbagh Mohammadi Nasab A. Javanshir A. Moghaddam M. & Janmohammadi H. (2009). Forage yield and quality in intercropping of maize with different legumes as double-cropped. JFAE 7(1): 163-166.
Jensen E.S. (1996). Grain yield symbiotic N2 fixation and interspecific competition for inorganic N in pea-barley intercrops. Plant Soil. 182(1): 25-38.
Justino G.C. & Sodek L. (2013). Recovery of nitrogen fixation after short-term flooding of the nodulated root system of soybean. J.Plant Physiol. 170(3): 235-241.
Kadžiulienė Z. Šarūnaitė L. & Deveikytė I. (2011). Effect of pea and spring cereals intercropping on grain yield and crude protein content. Ratar.Povrt./Field Veg. Crop Res. 48: 183-188.
Lauk E. & Lauk R. (2005). The yields of legume-cereal mixed in years with high-precipitation vegetation periods. Latvian Journal of Agronomy 8: 281-285.
Lauk R. & Lauk E. (2008). Pea-oat intercrops are superior to pea-wheat and pea-barley intercrops. Acta Agric.Scand. B-Soil Plant Sci. 58: 139-144.
Li Y. Ran W. Li X. Zhang R. Sun S. & Xu G. (2009). Facilitated legume nodulation phosphate uptake and nitrogen transfer by arbuscular inoculation in an upland rice and mung intercropping system. Plant Soil. 315: 285-296.
Maleziéux E. Crozat Y. Dupraz C. Laurans M. Makowski D. Ozier-Lafontaine H. Rapidel B. De Tourdonnet S. & Valantin-Morison M. (2009). Mixing plant species in cropping systems: concepts tools and models. A review. Agron. Sustainable Dev. 29: 43-62.
Mariotti M. Masoni A. Ercoli L. & Arduini I. (2009). Above-and below-ground competition between barley wheat lupin and vetch in a cereal and legume intercropping system. Grass Forage Sci. 64: 401-412.
Mohta N.K. De R. (1980). Intercropping maize and sorghum with soybean. Agric.Sci. 95: 112-122.
Nasrollahzadeh Asl A. Dabbagh Mohammadi Nassab A. Zehtab Salmasi S. Moghaddam M. & Javanshir A. (2009). Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. pinto) intercropping based on replacement method. JFAE 7(2): 295-299.
Naumann A. Heine G. & Rauber R. (2010). Efficient discrimination of oat and pea roots by cluster analysis of fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra. Field Crops Research. 119(1): 78-84.
Soleymani A. Shahrajabian M.H. Naranjani L. (2011). Changes in qualitative characteristics and yield of three cultivars of berseem clover intercropped with forage corn in low input farming system. JFAE 9(1): 345-347.
Soleymani A. & Shahrajabian M.H. (2012). Influence of nitrogen fertilizer on ash organic carbon phosphorus potassium and fiber of forage corn intercropped by three cultivars of berseem clover as cover crops in semi-arid region of Iran. Int.J.Biol. 4(3): 38-43.
Soleymani A. Shahrajabian M.H. & Naranjani L. (2012). Evaluation the benefits of different berseem clover cultivars and forage corn intercropping in different levels of nitrogen fertilizer. JFAE 10(1): 599-601.
Yildirim E. & Guvenc I. (2005). Intercropping based on cauliflower: more productive profitable and highly sustainable. Eur.J.Agron. 22: 11-18.
Yolcu H. Dasci M. & Tan M. (2009). Evaluation of annual legumes and barley as sole crops and intercrop in spring frost conditions for animal feeding: I. Yield and quality. J.Anim.Vet.Adv. 8(7): 1337-1342.