Improvement of Germination Characteristics and Enhancement of Antioxidant Enzymes Activity of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Aged Seeds by Used of Gibberellin

M. Khajeh 1 , S.A. Tabatabaei 2 , O. Ansari 3 , and F. Sharif Zadeh 4
  • 1 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
  • 2 Faculty member, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Yazd, Iran
  • 3 Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
  • 4 College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Seed priming is one of the methods that can be taken to counteract the adverse effects of abiotic stress, also Seed priming treatments have been used to reduce the damage of aging and invigorate their performance in many crops. Objective of this study was to evaluation the effect of gibberellin on germination characteristics and antioxidant enzymes of safflower seeds after aging. Experimental design was a factorial one with complete randomized design with three replications. The first factor was priming by gibberellin (0 and 50 ppm) and non-primed seeds (control) and the secondary factor was combinations of four levels of aging (0, 1, 3 and 5 days of aging, at 43°C). The results showed that the priming and aging effects on germination percentage, germination index, normal seedling percentage, seedling length, vigor index, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase were significant, but on mean time to germination not significant. Results showed that, the highest germination characteristics such as; germination percentage, germination index, normal seedling percentage, seedling length, vigor index, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase were attained from priming by gibberellins, under non aged conditions. Also, our results indicated that seed aging is related to decrease of enzymes activity and may contribute to low seed germination efficiency, also priming increases enzyme activity and increases enzyme activity with priming treatment may contribute to improve germination characteristics. The general decreases in enzyme activity in the seed lowers the respiratory capacity, which in turn lowers both the energy (ATP) and assimilates supply of the germinating seed.

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