Along with other Central and Eastern European counties, Czechia has invested significant effort in deterring refugees from entering the country during the ‘refugee crisis’. This article sheds light on the role of the media in legitimising anti-refugee policies by analysing the politicised discourse on refugees in 900 articles published in Czech newspapers between 2014 and 2016. The findings indicate that refugees were depicted as a security threat and an administrative burden partly imposed by the European Union. The article discusses the policy implications of depicting refugees in this way and thus broadens the literature on European narratives during the refugee emergency in Europe.
Czech Statistical Office. (2017). Foreigners in the Czech Republic. Praha.
Devereux, E. (2015). Thinking Outside the Charity Box: Media Coverage of Homelessness. European Journal of Homelessness, 2009(2), 261–273.
Drbohlav, D., & Valenta, O. (2014). Czechia: the main immigration country in the V4. In Discovering migration between Visegrad countries and Eastern Partners (s. 41–71). Budapest: HAC RCAES Geographical Institute.
Esses, V. M., Hamilton, L. K., & Gaucher, D. (2017). The Global Refugee Crisis: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for Improving Public Attitudes and Facilitating Refugee Resettlement. Social Issues and Policy Review, 11(1), 78–123. https://doi.org/10.1111/sipr.12028
Esses, V. M., Jackson, L. M., & Armstrong, T. L. (1998). Intergroup Competition and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration: An Instrumental Model of Group Conflict. Journal of Social Issues, 54(4), 699–724. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1998.tb01244.x
Esses, V. M., Medianu, S., & Lawson, A. S. (2013). Uncertainty, Threat, and the Role of the Media in Promoting the Dehumanization of Immigrants and Refugees. Journal of Social Issues, 69(3), 518–536. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12027
Jørgensen, M. B., & Thomsen, T. L. (2012). Crises Now and Then—Comparing Integration Policy Frameworks and Immigrant Target Groups in Denmark in the 1970s and 2000s. Journal of International Migration and Integration. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-012-0238-4
King, R., & Wood, N. (2013). Media and Migration: Constructions of Mobility and Difference. Routledge.
Krzyżanowski, M. (2017). Discursive Shifts in Ethno-Nationalist Politics: On Politicization and Mediatization of the “Refugee Crisis” in Poland. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2017.1317897
Lawlor, A., & Tolley, E. (2017). Deciding Who’s Legitimate: News Media Framing of Immigrants and Refugees. International Journal of Communication, 11(0), 25.
Murray, K. E., & Marx, D. M. (2013). Attitudes toward unauthorized immigrants, authorized immigrants, and refugees. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19(3), 332–341. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030812
Perloff, R. M. (2010). The dynamics of persuasion: communication and attitudes in the 21st century (4th ed). New York: Routledge.
Pierce, J. J., Siddiki, S., Jones, M. D., Schumacher, K., Pattison, A., & Peterson, H. (2014). Social Construction and Policy Design: A Review of Past Applications. Policy Studies Journal, 42(1), 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12040
Sulaiman-Hill, C. M. R., Thompson, S. C., Afsar, R., & Hodliffe, T. L. (2011). Changing Images of Refugees: A Comparative Analysis of Australian and New Zealand Print Media 1998−2008. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 9(4), 345–366. https://doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2011.616794
Szczepanikova, A. (2005). Gender Relations in a Refugee Camp: A Case of Chechens Seeking Asylum in the Czech Republic. Journal of Refugee Studies, 18(3), 281–298. https://doi.org/10.1093/refuge/fei032