A Multi Route Rank Based Routing Protocol for Industrial Wireless Mesh Sensor Networks

V. Sarasvathi 1  and N.Ch.S.N. Iyengar 2
  • 1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, PESIT Bangalore South Campus, Bangalore- 560 100, India
  • 2 School of Computing Science & Engineering, VIT University, Vellore-632014, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract

Wireless Mesh Sensor nodes are deployed in harsh environments, like Industrial Wireless Mesh Sensor Networks (IWMSN). There the equipment is exposed to temperature and electrical noise, so providingareliable, interference free and efficient communication in this environment isachallenge. We proposea Multi Route Rank based Routing (MR3) protocol, which enhances the link dynamics for IWMSNand also provides interference free reliable packet delivery in harsh environments. The rank ofanode is estimated based on density, hop count, energy and Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR). The route discovery phase finds the rank value to forward the data packet inareliable path. Once the forwarding path is established, subsequently the data packets can be propagated towards the destination without using any location information. Our simulation results show that this method improves the packet delivery ratio and the throughput tremendously, and at the same time minimizes the packet delay, in heavy traffic condition.

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