Characteristics, immunological events, and diagnostics of Babesia spp. infection, with emphasis on Babesia canis

Krzysztof Kostro 1 , Krzysztof Stojecki 2 , Maciej Grzybek 1 , and Krzysztof Tomczuk 1
  • 1 Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
  • 2 Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland

Abstract

Vector-borne infection constitutes a significant health issue in dogs worldwide. Recent reports point to an increasing number of canine vector-borne disease cases in European countries, including Poland. Canine babesiosis caused by various Babesia species is a protozoal tick-borne disease with worldwide distribution and significant veterinary importance. The development and application of molecular methods have increased our knowledge about canine babesiosis, its prevalence, and clinical and pathological aspects of the infection. Parasitologists and veterinary surgeons need an accurate description of the species responsible for canine babesiosis to improve diagnostic and therapeutic methods, as well as predictions for the course of the disease. Therefore, we decided to summarise recent knowledge concerning Babesia species and B. canis.

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