Prevalence of Babesia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in hard ticks collected from meadows of Lubelskie Voivodship (eastern Poland)

Beata Dzięgiel 1 , Tomasz Kubrak 2 , Łukasz Adaszek 1 , Piotr Dębiak 3 , Dagmara Wyłupek 4 , Anna Bogucka-Kocka 2 , Jerzy Lechowski 5  and Stanisław Winiarczyk 1
  • 1 Department of Epizootiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
  • 2 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
  • 3 Laboratory of Radiology and Ultrasonography, Department and Clinic of Animal Surgery
  • 4 Department and Clinic of Animal Internal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
  • 5 Department of Breeding and Technology of Pig Production, Faculty of Biology and Animal Breeding, University of Life Sciences Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the distribution of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and Babesia canis in adult females and males of Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks, inhabiting meadows near large forest complexes throughout the Lubelskie Voivodship (eastern region of Poland). Ticks were collected using the flagging method. Among 720 ticks collected, 506 were identified as D. reticulatus, and 214 as I. ricinus. DNA of B. canis and B. burgdorferi s.l. was detected in 21.3% and 0.6% of D. reticulatus ticks, respectively. In I. ricinus ticks, DNA specific to B. burgdorferi s.l. and A. phagocytophilum was detected in 5.6% and 10.3%, respectively. Co-infections of B. burgdorferi s.l. and A. phagocytophilum were found in two I. ricinus ticks. These results indicate that the Lublin region is an area at risk of tick-borne diseases of humans and animals, which must be considered in clinical practice.

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