Monitoring of Selected Genes in Campylobacter Jejuni and Campylobacter Coli Isolates from Domestic Animals

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Abstract

In the present study, the presence of flaA, cadF, cdtB, and iam genes of Campylobacter sp. were analysed using PCR. Material for analyses comprised 100 Campylobacter sp. isolates obtained from healthy broiler chickens, fatteners, and calves, among which 84 isolates were ascribed to Campylobacter jejeuni and 16 to Campylobacter coli. All isolates (100%) had the cadF gene responsible for adhesion and the flaA gene determining the motility of the analysed bacteria. The frequency of occurrence of the cdtB gene responsible for the production of the cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) was determined to be high (98.6% in broiler chickens, 75% in fatteners, 62.5% in calves). In case of the iam gene, the highest frequency was recorded in Campylobacter sp. isolated from broiler chickens (84.7%), while in strains collected from fatteners and calves it was lower, amounting to 41.7% and 18.8%, respectively.

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