Tallinn Film Cluster: Realities, Expectations and Alternatives

Open access

Abstract

The article takes a close look at the entrepreneurial practices of the Estonian film industry and at how these particular practices may be understood to influence the evolution of the film production cluster in Tallinn. It asks how these processes of institutional evolution of the local film industry may be understood to influence the specific nature of audiovisual culture in contemporary Estonia. The article is based on a study that was conducted in mid 2012. The study consisted of interviews with the representatives of the local film industry, including respondents from production companies (“studios”), post-production companies and distributors. The second phase of the study was a confirmative roundtable with the select group that included the previously interviewed filmmakers and a few additional industry insiders. The key research questions were: (1) what are the existing co-operation practices between companies like and (2) considering the further evolution of the industry cluster in Tallinn, what are the companies’ specific expectations and needs. The current status of the cluster’s competitiveness was evaluated by using Michael Porter’s model for analyzing conditions of competition (Porter’s diamond). Also, development perspectives of the cluster were evaluated, considering the needs and expectations of entrepreneurs. Key results of the research were divided into two basic categories: (1) current state of clustering of AV enterprises and (2) perspectives and alternatives of further development of the AV cluster.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Atkinson R.; Flint J. 2004. ‘Snowball sampling’. - M. S. Lewis-Beck A. Bryman T. F. Liao (eds.) Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods Vol 1. Thousand Oaks: Sage 1044-1045.

  • Banks M.; Lovatt A.; O’Connor J.; Raffo C. 2000. ‘Risk and trust in the cultural industries’. - Geoforum 31 453-464.

  • Boix R.; Lazzeretti L.; Hervàs J. L.; Miguel B. 2011. ‘Creative clusters in Europe: a microdata approach’. Paper presented at the European Congress of Regional Science Association International ERSA Barcelona.

  • Burmeister K.; Neef A.; Albert B.; Glockner H. 2002. Zukunftsforschung und Unternehmen. Praxis Methoden Perspektiven. Essen: Z punkt GmbH Büro für Zukunftsgestaltung.

  • Castells M. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy Society and Culture. Oxford: Blackwell.

  • Davis C. H.; Creutzberg T.; Arthurs D. 2009. ‘Applying an innovation cluster framework to a creative industry: The case of screen-based media in Ontario.’ - Innovation: Management Policy & Practice 11 201-214.

  • Deuze M. 2007. Media Work. Cambridge: Polity.

  • Evans G. 2009a. ‘Creative cities creative spaces and urban policy’. - Urban Studies 45 5&6 1003-1040.

  • Evans G. 2009b. ‘From cultural quarters to creative clusters - creative spaces in the new city economy’. - Legner M.; Ponzini D. (eds.) The Sustainability and Development of Cultural Quarters: International Perspectives. Stockholm: Institute of Urban History 32-59.

  • European Commission 2013. Preparing for a Fully Converged Audiovisual World: Growth Creation and Values. Green Paper COM (2013) 231.

  • Gill R. 2007. Technobohemians or the New Cybertariat? New Media Work in Amsterdam a Decade after the Web.Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures.

  • Gordon I. R; McCann P. 2000. ‘Industrial clusters: complexes agglomerations and/or social networks’. - Urban Studies 37 513-533.

  • Granovetter M. 1985. ‘Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness’. - American Journal of Sociology 91 481-510.

  • Harrison B. 1992. ‘Industrial districts: old wine in new bottles?’ - Regional Studies 26 469-483.

  • Heijden K. van der 1996. Scenarios: The Art of Strategic Conversation. Chichester: Wiley.

  • Hoover E. M. 1948. The Location of Economic Activity.New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Hsieh H.-F.; Shannon S. E. 2005. ‘Three approaches to qualitative content analysis’. - Qualitative Health Research 15 1277-1288.

  • Laherand M.-L. 2008. Kvalitatiivne uurimisviis. Tallinn.

  • Lazzeretti L.; Boix R.; Capone F. 2008. Do Creative Industries Xluster? Mapping Creative Local Production Systems in Italy and Spain. Working Paper 08.05. Departament d’Economia Aplicada Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Barcelona.

  • Lorenzen M. 2007. Creative Encounters in the Film Industry: Content Cost Chance and Collection Creative Encounters Working Papers No. 3. Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School.

  • Marshall A. 1925. Principles of Economics. 8th edn.London: Macmillan Press.

  • Mccann P. 1995. ‘Rethinking the economics of location and agglomeration’. - Urban Studies 32 563-577.

  • Moses L. 1958. ‘Location and the theory of production’. - Quarterly Journal of Economics 78 259-272.

  • Porter M. E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. London: Macmillan Press.

  • Porter M. E. 1998. ‘Clusters and the new economic competition’. - Harvard Business Review 76 77-90.

  • Porter M. E. 2001. ‘The competitive advantage of nations’. - Harvard Business Review March-April 73-93.

  • Potts J.; Cunningham S.; Hartley J.; Ormerod P. 2008. ‘Social network markets: A new definition of the creative industries’. - Journal of Cultural Economy 32 167-185.

  • Potts J.; Keane M. 2011. ‘Creative clusters and innovation’. - Potts J. Creative Industries and Economic Evolution. Chelthenham: Edward Elgar 152-161.

  • Pratt A. 2004. ‘Creative clusters: towards the governance of the creative industries production system?’ - Media International Australia 112 50-66.

  • Roodhouse S. 2006. Cultural Quarters: Principles and Practice. Bristol: Intellect.

  • Sölvell Ö.; Lindqvist G.; Ketels C. 2003. The Cluster Initiative Greenbook. Stockholm: Ivory Tower.

  • Tafel-Viia K.; Viia A.; Terk E.; Ibrus I.; Lassur G. 2011.

  • Väike- ja mikroloomeettevõ tete arengutsükkel. Tallinn: Tallinn University’s Estonian Institute for Futures Studies. van Dijk J. 2006. The Network Society. 2nd edn. London: Sage.

  • Wirtz B. W. 2001. ‘Reconfi guring of value chains in converging media and communications markets’. - Long Range Planning 34 489-506.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 129 48 3
PDF Downloads 42 19 1