Properties and Structure of Low-Cement Concrete According to its Compositional Parameters

Dan Nicolae Ungureanu 1 , Elena Valentina Stoian 1 , Florin Toma 1 , Daniel Anculescu 1 , Alexandru Gabriel Colţa 1 , Nicolae Angelescu 1  and Vasile Bratu 1
  • 1 Faculty of Materials Engineering and Mechanics, Targoviste, Romania

Abstract

Refractory concretes with the usual cement content (about 20%) present, besides their well-known advantages, several important disadvantages which make such concretes unfit for certain applications. The relatively high CaO content in concretes, the presence of even small amounts of SiO2 and Fe2O3 in cement reduce in the first place the concretes refractoriness; if their relatively high porosity is also taken into account, the concretes behavior is further damaged in regard to the structural and thermal-chemical stability. especially at their high operating temperatures. This work is an attempt to correct the shortcomings shown by reducing the cement dosage and using appropriate admixtures in the technological process of concrete making.

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