Synthesis and Characterization of Deposited NiO Thin Films by Spray Pyrolysis Technique

Chouaieb Zaouche 1 , Yacine Aoun 2 , Said Benramache 1  and Abdelouahab Gahtar 3
  • 1 Material Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, 07000, Biskra, Algeria
  • 2 Mechanical department, Faculty of Technology, 39000, El-Oued, Algeria
  • 3 Biological department, Faculty of Technology, 39000, El-Oued, Algeria

Abstract

In this work, nickel oxide was fabricated on glass substrate at 450 °C by spray pyrolysis technique. The NiO layers were obtained with 0.05M molarity, which were deposited by various deposition rates 20, 40, 60 and 80 ml. The effects of deposition rate on the structural, electrical and optical properties were examined. All fabricated NiO thin films were observed a nanocrystalline a cubic structure with a strong (111) preferred orientation, it is only phase was observed in all deposited NiO. The film elaborated with 60 ml have a minimum value of crystallite size was 15.8 nm. All NiO thin films have an average transmittance is about 70 % in the visible region. The NiO thin films have a verity in the band gap energy from 3.34 to 3.51 eV because the effect of deposition, the minimum value was found at 80 ml, this condition have a lowest Urbach energy. The NiO thin films have an electrical resistivity was decreased from 0.625 to 0.152 (Ω.cm) with increasing the deposition rate from 20 to 80ml. The best results of NiO thin films are obtained in the deposition NiO films by 40 and 80 ml.

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