The report takes a survey of five crucial areas where nanotechnology is implied. It includes areas of economy through hydrogen, electricity generation with the help of solar cells, fuel additives, batteries, and super capacitors, and insulators. In concern with fuel additives, with the help of nanoparticle, the efficiency of fuel of diesel engines was increased by up to 5 %, which produced about three-million metric tons of CO2 in the UK per year. The study also cautions that this efficiency of fuel additives also led to the release of toxic nanoparticles openly in the environment. Due to small in size, no control could be applied to the restriction of the emission of nanoparticles. Thus, this exhaust gas proves to be harmful to humans. Although a diesel engine, if properly maintained can last up to 300,000-600,000 miles. In comparison with diesel engines, electric engines produce very little efficiency. Solar cells are still a promising area in nanotechnology since they have shown the results of a decrease in the cost while solar cells were produced and have enabled more cell production.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Ahmed, T., Hyder, M. Z., Liaqat, I., & Scholz, M. (2019). Climatic Conditions: Conventional and Nanotechnology-Based Methods for the Control of Mosquito Vectors Causing Human Health Issues. International journal of environmental research and public health. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173165.
Dong, C., Hu, S., Xing, M., & Zhang, J. (2018). Enhanced photocatalytic CO2 reduction to CH4 over separated dual co-catalysts Au and RuO2. Nanotechnology, Vol. 29, Issue 15, available at: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aaad44.
Fabianoa, B., Reverberi, A. P., & Varbanov, P.S. (2019). Safety opportunities for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles and short-cut approach to workplace risk evaluation. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 209, 297-308, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.161.
Godish, T. (1989). Indoor Air Pollution Control. 1st Edition, USA: CRC Press.
Hull, M., & Bowman, D. (2018). Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety. 3rd Edition, Elsevier, eBook ISBN: 9780128135891.
Keniger, L. E., Gaston, K. J., Irvine, K. N., & Fuller, R. A. (2013). What are the Benefits of Interacting with Nature?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 10, Issue 3, 913-935.
Koliou, M., W. van de Lindt, J., Mcallister, T. P., Ellingwood, B. R., Dillard, M., & Cutler, H. (2018). State of the research in community resilience: progress and challenges. Sustainable and resilient infrastructure. DOI: 10.1080/23789689.2017.1418547.
Mattsson, K., Hansson, L., A., & Cedervall, T. (2015). Nano-plastics in the aquatic environment. Environmental Science Processes & Impacts, Issue 10.
Mauter, M. S., Zucker, I., Perreault, F., Werber, J. R., Kim, J. H., & Elimelech, M. (2018). The Role of Nanotech in Tackling Global Water Challenges. Nature Sustainability, Vol. 1, 166-175.
Motte, H., Vanneste, S., & Beeckman, T. (2019). Molecular and Environmental Regulation of Root Development, Annual Review of plant biology, Vol. 70, 465-488.
Nakamura, M., Etoh, S., Sakamoto, T., Nakamura, T., Xiao Jie, L., Miura, Y., Itatani, M., & Hanakawa, T. (2018). Potential therapeutic effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tremor in Minamata disease: A case report. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, Vol. 388, 47-49.
Pratt, C., & Kevin, T. (2018). Mitigating Methane: Emerging Technologies to Combat Climate Change’s Second Leading Contributor. Environmental Science and Technology, available at: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b04711, accessed on 20 October 2019.
Sarfaraz, R., Hussain, A., Sabir, A., Fekih I., B., Ditta, A., & Xing, S. (2019). Role of bio char and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria to enhance soil carbon sequestration-a review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 191, 251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7400-9.
Shi, K., Li, X., Zhang, H., Zhang, G., Liu, Y., Zhou, Y., Xia, X., Chen, Z., & Yu, J. (2015). Guard cell hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide mediate elevated CO2-induced stomatal movement in tomato. New Phytol, Vol. 208, 342-353. doi:10.1111/nph.13621.
Sridharan, K. (2018). Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability. A Review-Based Approach. Dubai: SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science.
Willett, W., Rockström, J., Loken. B., Springmann, M., Lang, T., Vermeulen, S., Garnett, T., Tilman, D., DeClerck, F., Wood, A., Jonell, M., Clark, M., Gordon, L.J., Fanzo, J., Hawkes, C., Zurayk, R., Rivera, JA., De Vries, W., Majele Sibanda, L., Afshin, A., Chaudhary, A., Herrero, M., Agustina, R., Branca, F., Lartey, A., Fan, S., Crona, B., Fox, E., Bignet, V., Troell, M., Lindahl, T., Singh, S., Cornell, SE., Srinath Reddy, K., Narain, S., Nishtar, S., & Murray, C.J.L. (2019). Food in the Anthropocene: The EAT-Lancet commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. The Lancet, Vol. 393, Issue 10170, 447-492.