A reconfigurable structure electronic commutator for a dual BLDC motor EV drive

Open access

Abstract

An electronic commutator that can drive a PM BLDC motor either in the full bridge or half bridge configuration has been developed. This commutator allows increasing the motor speed over the nominal value, hence the motor is able to operate within a wide constant power speed range. An application of the commutator with a reconfigurable structure for the double drive of a small electric vehicle Elipsa has been presented. The driveline consists of two independent commutators feeding the motors coupled by gears with rear wheels of the vehicle. Both commutators are controlled by a common control system based on a signal microcontroller. The results of road tests indicate new areas of BLCD motor drives application. The fact that the BLCD motor work in the second speed range does not require any changes in the motor construction and at the same time does not significantly deteriorate the drive efficiency is an indisputable advantage of the presented solution

[1] M. Ehsani, Y. Gao, S.E. Gay, and A. Emandi, Modern ElectricHybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles - Fundamentals,Theory, and Design, CRC Press, London, 2005.

[2] P. Droege, Urban Energy Transition - from Fossil Fuels toRenewable Power, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2008.

[3] R.M. Miskiewicz and A.J. Moradewicz, “Contactless power interface for plug-in electric vehicles in V2G systems”, Bull. Pol. Ac.: Tech. 59 (4), 561-567 (2011).

[4] N.P. Shah, A.D. Hirzel, and Cho Baekhyun, “Transmissionless selectively aligned surface-permanent-magnet BLDC motor in hybrid electric vehicles”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 57 (2), 669-677 (2010).

[5] A. Emadi, L. Young Joo, and K. Rajashekara, “Power electronics and motor drives in electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 55 (6), 2237-2245 (2008).

[6] C.H. Chen and M.Y. Cheng, “Implementation of a high reliable hybrid electric scooter drive”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron 54 (5), 2462-2472 (2007).

[7] K.T. Chau, C.C. Chan, and L. Chunhua, “Overview of permanent-magnet brushless drives for electric and hybrid electric vehicles”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron 55 (6), 2246-2257 (2008).

[8] I. Aharon and A. Kuperman, “Topological overview of powertrains for battery-powered vehicles with range extenders”, IEEETrans. Pow. Electron. 26 (3), 868-876 (2011).

[9] A. Hammar, P. Venet, R. Lallemand, G. Coquery, and G. Rojat, “Study of accelerated aging of supercapacitors for transport applications”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 57 (12), 3972-3979 (2010).

[10] A. Affanni, A. Bellini, G. Franceschini, P. Guglielmi, and C. Tassoni, “Battery choice and management for new-generation electric vehicles”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron 52 (5), 1343-1349 (2005).

[11] M. Janaszek, “New method of direct reactive energy and torque control for permanent magnet synchronous motor”, Bull. Pol. Ac.: Tech. 54 (3), 299-305 (2006).

[12] R. Krishnan, Electric Motor Drives. Modeling, Analysis, andControl, Prentice Hall, London, 2001.

[13] Hak-In Lee and M.D. Noh, “Optimal design of radial-flux toroidally wound brushless DC machines”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron 58 (2), 444-449 (2011).

[14] S. Dwari and L. Parsa, “Fault-tolerant control of five-phase permanent magnet motors with trapezoidal back EMF”, IEEETrans. Ind. Electron. 58 (2), 476-485 (2011).

[15] P. Bajec, D. Voncina, D. Miljavec, and J. Nastran, “Bidirectional power converter for wide speed range integrated starter-generator”, Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Industrial ElectronicsISIE 2004 2, 1117-1122 (2004).

[16] J.S. Lawler, J.M. Bailey, J.W. McKeever, and J.O.P. Pinto, “Extending the constant power speed range of the brushless dc motor through dual-mode inverter control”, IEEE Trans. PowerElectron. 19 (3), 783-793, (2004).

[17] R. Krishnan, “A novel single-switch-per-phase converter topology for four-quadrant PM brushless DC motor drive”, IEEETran. Ind. Appl. 33 (5), 1154-1161 (1997).

[18] R. Krishnan and S. Lee, “PM brushless DC motor drive with a new power-converter topology”, IEEE Tran. Ind. Appl. 33 (4), 973-982 (1997).

[19] K. Krykowski and A. Bodora, “Properties of the electronic commutator designed for two zone operation of PM BLDC motor drive”, Proc. IEEE Int. Symposium on Industrial ElectronicsISIE 2005 1, 177-182 (2005).

[20] K. Krykowski and A. Bodora, “Variable structure bridge/halfbridge electronic commutator for PM BLDC motor supply”, Proc. IEEE Int. Symposium on Industrial Electronics ISIE2005 3, 905-910 (2005).

[21] K. Krykowski and A. Bodora, “Efficiency and power losses in PM BLDC motor with variable bridge/half-bridge structure electronic commutator”, Proc. Power Electronics and MotionControl Conf. PEMC 2008 1, 326-330 (2008).

[22] A. Bodora, T. Biskup, and A. Domoracki, “Two zone drive of small EV based on BLDC motors”, Electrotechnical News 78 (12), 42-47, (2010), (in Polish).

Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.156
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.238

CiteScore 2016: 1.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.457
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.239

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 104 103 5
PDF Downloads 52 51 5