Response of Freshwater Bloom-Forming Planktonic Cyanobacteria to Global Warming and Nutrient Increase

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Savadova K., 2014: Response of freshwater bloom-forming planktonic cyanobacteria to global warming and nutrient increase [Planktoninių melsvabakterių atsakas į globalinį atšilimą ir maistmedžiagių kiekio padidėjimą gėluose vandens telkiniuose ]. - Bot. Lith., 20(1): 57-63.

Human activities stimulate changes in aquatic environment, promoting temperature rise and eutrophication. Disturbance in aquatic ecosystems lead to alterations in plankton communities and food web structure. Cyanobacteria, which are able to regulate their buoyancy, are adapted to low-light, high temperatures, are capable to store phosphorus and fix nitrogen, produce toxins, which help to acquire competitive traits over other phytoplankton species. So, increasing temperature and loadings of nutrients in lakes stimulate successful proliferation of cyanobacteria and heavy bloom formation. Usually higher temperature (> 20ºC) and lower N:P mass ratio determine the dominance of cyanobacteria species in lakes and this is expected to increase in the future


Žmogaus veikla sukelia aplinkos sąlygų pasikeitimus, kurie skatina vandens telkinių temperatūros didėjimą ir eutrofikacijos procesą, tai lemia pokyčius vykstančius vandens ekosistemų fitoplanktono struktūroje ir mitybos grandinėse. Melsvabakterės geba reguliuoti plūdrumą, prisitaikyti prie silpno apšvietimo, aukštos temperatūros, turi gebėjimą kaupti fosforą ir fiksuoti azotą, gaminti toksinus, todėl kintančiomis aplinkos sąlygomis yra pranašesnės konkurencinėje kovoje lyginant su kitomis fitoplanktono rūšimis. Taigi, didėjanti temperatūra ir vykstanti intensyvi apkrova maisto medžiagomis lemia sėkmingą melsvabakterių vystymąsi ir vandens žydėjimo formavimą ežeruose. Dažniausiai aukštesnė temperatūra (> 20ºC) ir mažesnės N:P santykio reikšmės nulemia melsvabakterių dominavimą ežeruose ir ateityje šis reiškinys stiprės dėka vis labiau besikeičiančių aplinkos sąlygų


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