Diatoms in an extreme euxinic environment (Rogoznica Lake, eastern Adriatic coast)

Open access

Abstract

The Rogoznica Lake marine system is a small, karstic, naturally eutrophic and euxinic marine environment. Abundance and temporal distribution of phytoplankton was investigated in relation to environmental conditions in the period from 1998 to 2013. The 36 determined diatoms contributed 90% of the total phytoplankton abundance. The diatom composition is characterized by low species diversity and high single species abundance (up to 107 cells L-1). There were, on average, 2.6 diatom species per sample (maximum 14 diatom species per sample) reflecting extreme environmental conditions. Dominant diatoms Thalassionema nitzschioides, Cyclotella choctawhatcheeana, Dactyliosolen fragilissimus and Chaetoceros curvisetus occurred repeatedly and were alternately dominant in the lake during the whole research period. Some diatoms were dominant only in limited period, like Cyclotella choctawhatcheeana (evident since 2001), and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. (evident in the period 2002 to 2009). It appears that the interplay of environmental conditions such as variability in thermohaline and redox conditions, nutrient and reduced sulphur concentration influence the phytoplankton development and abundance in the lake.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • BARIĆ A. GRBEC B. KUŠPILIĆ G. MARASOVIĆ I. NINČEVIĆ Ž. GRUBELIĆ M. 2003: Mass mortality event in a small saline lake (Lake Rogoznica) caused by unusual holomictic conditions. Scientia Marina 67 129-141.

  • BOSAK S. BURIĆ Z. DJAKOVAC T. VILIČIĆ D. 2009: Seasonal distribution of plankton diatoms in Lim Bay northeastern Adriatic Sea. Acta Botanica Croatica 68 351-365.

  • BOSAK S. ŠILOVIĆ T. LJUBEŠIĆ Z. KUŠPILIĆ G. PESTORIĆ B. KRIVOKAPIĆ S. VILIČIĆ D. 2012: Phytoplankton size structure and species composition as an indicator of trophic status in transitional ecosystems: the case study of a Mediterranean fjord-like karstic bay. Oceanologia 54 255-286.

  • BURIĆ Z. CAPUT MIHALIĆ K. CETINIĆ I. CIGLENEČKI I. CARIĆ M. VILIČIĆ D. ĆOSOVIĆ B. 2009: Occurrence of the rare microfl agellates Prorocentrum arcuatum Issel and Hermesinum adriaticum Zacharias in the marine Lake Rogoznica (eastern Adriatic coast). Acta Adriatica 50 31-44.

  • BUŽANČIĆ M. NINČEVIĆ GLADAN Ž. MARASOVIĆ I. KUŠPILIĆ G. GRBEC B. MATIJEVIĆ S. 2012: Population structure and abundance of phytoplankton in three bays on the eastern Adriatic coast: Šibenik Bay Kaštela Bay and Mali Ston Bay. Acta Adriatica 53 413-435.

  • CETINIĆ I. VILIČIĆ D. BURIĆ Z. OLUJIĆ G. 2006: Phytoplankton seasonality in a highly stratifi ed karstic estuary (Krka Adriatic Sea). Hydrobiologia 555 31-40.

  • CIGLENEČKI I. KODBA Z. VILIČIĆ D. ĆOSOVIĆ B. 1998: Sesonal variation of anoxic conditions in the Rogoznica Lake. Croatica Chemica Acta 71 217-232.

  • CIGLENEČKI I. CARIĆ M. KRŠINIĆ F. VILIČIĆ D. ĆOSOVIĆ B. 2005: The extinction by sulfi de-turnover and recovery of a naturally eutrophic meromictic seawater lake. Journal of Marine Systems 56 29-44.

  • CIGLENEČKI I. BURA-NAKIĆ E. MARGUŠ M. 2013: Rogoznica Lake unique anoxic system on the Adriatic coast (in Croatian). Hrvatske vode 86 295-302.

  • GODRIJAN J. MARIĆ D. TOMAŽIĆ I. PRECALI R. PFANNKUCHEN M. 2013: Seasonal phytoplankton dynamics in the coastal waters of the north-eastern Adriatic Sea. Journal of Sea Research 77 32-44.

  • IVANČIĆ I. DEGOBBIS D. 1984: An optimal manual procedure for ammonia analysis in natural waters by the indophenol blue method. Water Research 18 1143-1147.

  • KRŠINIĆ F. CARIĆ M. VILIČIĆ D. CIGLENEČKI I. 2000: The calanoid copepod Acartia italica Steuer phenomenon in the small saline Lake Rogoznica (Eastern Adriatic coast).Journal of Plankton Research 22 1441-1464.

  • KRŠINIĆ F. CIGLENEČKI I. LJUBEŠIĆ Z. VILIČIĆ D. 2013: Population dynamics of the calanoid copepod Acartia italica Steurer in a small saline lake. Acta Adriatica 54 229-240.

  • MARIĆ D. KRAUS R. GODRIJAN J. SUPIĆ N. DJAKOVAC T. PRECALI R. 2012: Phytoplankton response to climatic and anthropogenic infl uences in the north-eastern Adriatic during the last four decades. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 115 98-112.

  • STIPANIČEV V. BRANICA M. 1996: Iodine speciation in the water column of the Rogoznica Lake (Eastern Adriatic Coast). Science of the Total Environment 182 1-9.

  • STRICKLAND J. D. H. PARSONS T. R. 1972: A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Bulletin. Fisheries Research Board of Canada 167 1-310.

  • SVENSEN C. WEXELS RISER C. CETINIĆ I. CARIĆ M. 2008: Vertical fl ux regulation and plankton composition in a simple ecological system: snapshots from the small marine Lake Rogoznica (Croatia). Acta Adriatica 49 37-5.

  • ŠESTANOVIĆ S. ŠOLIĆ M. KRSTULOVIĆ N. ŠEGVIĆ D. CIGLENEČKI I. 2005: Vertical structure of microbial community in an eutrophic meromictic saline lake. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 14: 668-675.

  • ŠUPRAHA L. BOSAK S. LJUBEŠIĆ Z. MIHANOVIĆ H. OLUJIĆ G. MIKAC I. VILIČIĆ D. 2014: Cryptophyte bloom in a Mediterranean estuary: high abundance of Plagioselmis cf. prolonga in the Krka River estuary (eastern Adriatic Sea). Scientia Marina 78 329-338.

  • UTERMÖHL H. 1958: Zur Vervollkommnung der quantitativen Phytoplankton Methodik. Mitteilungen. Internationale Vereiningung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 9 1-38.

  • VIDJAK O. BOJANIĆ N. MATIJEVIĆ S. KUŠPILIĆ G. NINČEVIĆ GLADAN Ž. SKEJIĆ S. GRBEC B. 2012: Environmental drivers of zooplankton variability in the coastal eastern Adriatic (Mediterranean sea). Acta Adriatica 53 243-262.

  • VILIČIĆ D. DJAKOVAC T. BURIĆ Z. BOSAK S. 2009: Composition and annual cycle of phytoplankton assemblages in the northeastern Adriatic Sea. Botanica Marina 52 291-305.

  • VILIČIĆ D. MARASOVIĆ I. KUŠPILIĆ G. 1996/1997: The heterotrophic ebridian microfl agellate Hermesinum adriaticum ZACH in the Adriatic Sea. Archiv für Protistenkunde 147 373-379.

  • VILIČIĆ D. MARASOVIĆ I. MIOKOVIĆ D. 2002: Checklist of phytoplankton in the eastern Adriatic Sea. Acta Botanica Croatica 61 57-91.

  • ŽIC V. CARIĆ-GLUNČIĆ M. VIOLLIER E. CIGLENEČKI I. 2010: Intensive sampling of iodine and nutrient speciation in naturally eutrophicated anchialine pond (Rogoznica Lake) during spring and summer seasons. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 87 265-274.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.985
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.006

CiteScore 2018: 1.18

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.360
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.995

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 283 196 6
PDF Downloads 81 65 2