Cryoseston of the Pirin Mountains, Bulgaria

Open access

Abstract

- In the cryoseston community of the Pirin Mountains, 18 species were determined. Chlorophyta: Chlamydomonas nivalis (predominant), Chloromonas brevispina, Chloromonas rostafinski, Chlainomonas rubra (new genus and species for Bulgaria, documented in Europe for only the second time), Cystococcus nivicolus and Stichococcus nivalis. Bacillariophyceae: Aulacoseira granulata var. angustissima, Hantzchia amphioxys, cf. Surirella. Fungi: cf. Chytridium chlamydococcii. Deuteromycetes: Selenotila nivalis, Chionaster nivalis, and saprophytic fungae cf. Myzocytium, Rhodosporidium toruloides, Alternaria sp. and cf. Cladosporium, in pollen grains. Bacteria: Leptothrix ochracea. Ciliata: Vorticella campanula. The composition of cryoseston in the Pirin Mountains is characteristic for high mountains where Chlamydomonas nivalis predominates.

ARX, J. A., MIRANDA, R., SMITH, M. T., YARROW, D., 1977: The genera of yeasts and the yeast-like fungi. Study in Mycology 14, 12-78.

BATKO, A., 1975: Introduction to hydromycology (In Polish). Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.

BROOKS, G. R., FRANKLIN, S., 2011: Cosmetic composition comprising microalgal components. Patent US 2011/0250178 A1.

CEPÁK, V., LUKAVSKÝ, J., 2012: Cryoseston in Sierra Nevada Mountains (Spain). Nova Hedwigia 94, 163-173.

GOLDSTEIN, S., 1960: Degradation of pollen by Phycomycetes. Ecology 41, 543-545.

GWAK, G., JUNG, W.,KIM, H. J.,KANG, S. H., JIN, E. S., 2010: Antifreeze protein in Antarctic marine diatom, Chaetoceros neogracile. Marine Biotechnology 12, 630-639.

HOHAM, R. W., 1974a: Chlainomonas kolii (Hardy et Curl) comb. nov. (Chlorophyta, Volvocales), a revision of the snow alga, Trachelomonas kolii Hardy et Curl (Euglenophyta, Euglenales). Journal of Phycology 10, 392-396.

HOHAM, R. W., 1974b: New findings in the life history of the snow alga, Chlainomonasrubra (Stein & Brooke) comb. nov. (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). Syesis 7, 239-247.

HOHAM, R.W., 1975: Optimum temperatures and temperature ranges for growth of snow algae. Arctic Alpine Research 7, 13-24.

HOHAM, R.W.,DUVAL, B., 2001: Microbial ecology of snow and freshwater icewith emphasis on snow algae. In: JONES, H. G., POMEROY, J. W.,WALKER, D. A., HOHAM, R. W. (eds.), Snow ecology, 168-228. Cambridge University Press.

HOHAM, R.W.,ROEMER, S. C.,MULLET, J. E., 1979: Life history and ecology of the snow alga Chloromonas brevispina comb. nov. (Chlorophyta,Volvocales). Phycologia 18, 55-70.

HOHAM, R. W., LAURSEN, A. E., CLIVE, S. O., DUVAL, B., 1993: Snow algae and other microbes in several Alpine areas in New-England. Proceedings 61 AnnualWestern Snow Conference, Quebec City, 165-173.

KANIK, I., 2009: Astrobiology of icy worlds. Retrieved February 11, 2013 from: http://astrobiology.nasa.gov/nai/library-of-resources/annual-reports/2009/jpl-icy-worlds/projects/astrobiology-of-icy-worlds/

KAWECKA, B., 1981: Biology and ecology of snow algae. 2. Formation of aplanospores in Chlamydomonas nivalis (Bauer)Wille (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). Acta Hydrobiologica 23, 211-215.

KAWECKA, B., 1983/84: Biology and ecology of snow algae, 3. Sexual reproduction in Chloromonas rostafinski (Starmach and Kawecka) Gerloff and Ettl (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). Acta Hydrobiologica 25/26, 281-285.

KAWECKA, B.,ELORANTA, P., 1986: Biology and ecology of snow algae. SEM studies on the cell wall structure of »resting cells« of Chloromonas rostafinski (Starmach and Kawecka) Gerloff et Ettl (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). Acta Hydrobiologica 28, 387-391.

KIRK, P.M.,CANNON, P. F.,DAVID, J. C.,STALPERS, J. A., 2001: Dictionary of the fungi. CABI Europe, Wallingford, UK.

KOL, E., 1956: Sur la microvégetation de la neige des montagnes de la Bulgarie I. Bulletin of Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 5, 377-384.

KOL, E., 1968: Kryobiologie I. Kryovegetation. In: ELSTER, J.,OHLE,W. (eds.), Die Binnengewasser 24, 216. Schweizerbart´sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart.

KVÍDEROVÁ, J., 2012: Research on cryosestic communities in Svalbard: the snow algae of temporary snowfields in Petuniabukta, Central Svalbard. Czech Polar Reports 2, 8-19.

LETCHER, P. M., POWELL, P. J., 2012: Ataxonomic summary and revision of Rhizophydium (Rhizophydiales, Chytridiomycota). University Alabama, Tuscaloona.

LI, H., LIU, X.,WANG, Y.,HU, H.,XU, X., 2009: Enhanced expression of antifreeze protein genes drives the development of freeze tolerance in an Antarctica isolate of Chlorellavulgaris. Progress in Natural Science 19, 1059-1062.

LUKAVSKÝ, J., 1970: Observation on some parasitic Chytridiomycetes. Archiv für Protistenkunde 112, 138-144.

LUKAVSKÝ, J., 1994: Algal flora of lakes in the High Tatra mountains (Slovakia). Hydrobiologia 274, 65-74.

LUKAVSKÝ, J.,CEPÁK, V., 2010: Cryoseston in Stara planina Mts. (Bulgaria). Acta Botanica Croatica 69, 163-171.

LUKAVSKÝ, J., FURNADZHIEVA, S., NEDBALOVÁ, L., 2009: First record of cryoseston in the Vitosha Mts., Bulgaria. Nova Hedwigia 88, 97-109.

NOVIS, P. M., 2002: New records of snow algae for New Zealand, from Mt. Philistine, Arthur ´s Pass National Park. New Zealand. Journal of Botany 40, 297-312.

NOVIS, P. M., HOHAM, R. W., BEER, T., DAWSON, M., 2008: Two snow species of the quadriflagellate green alga Chlainomonas (Chlorophyta, Volvocales), ultrastructure and phylogenetic position within the Chloromonas clade. Journal of Phycology 44, 1001-1012.

PULZ, O., GROSS, W., 2004: Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 65, 635-648.

REMIAS, D.,LÜTZ-MEINDEL, U.,LÜTZ, C., 2005: Photosynthesis, pigments and ultrastructure of the alpine snow alga Chlamydomonas nivalis. European Journal of Phycology 40, 259-268.

ROTHSCHILD, L. J., 1990: Earth analogs for Martian life. Microbes in evaporites, a new model system for life on Mars. Icarus 88, 246-260.

STARMACH, K.,KAWECKA, B., 1965: The yellowish-green snow in the valley. Limnological investigations in the Tatra mountains and Dunajec River Basin. Komitet Zgospodarowania Ziem Górskich 11, 75-80.

ŘEZANKA, T., NEDBALOVÁ, L., SINGLER, K., CEPÁK, V., 2007: Identification of astaxanthin diglucoside diesters from snow alga Chlamydomonas nivalis by liquid chromatography - atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Phytochemistry 69, 479-490.

ŘEZANKA, T., NEDBALOVÁ, L., SINGLER, K., 2008: Unusual medium-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids from snow alga Chloromonas brevispina. Microbiology Research 163, 373-379.

SCHÜRCH, S. C., SCHMIDT, D. F., ZULLI, F., 2010: Use of an extract from snow algae in cosmetic or dermatological formulations. European Patent EP2260829.

SECKBACH, J. (ed.), 2007: Algae and cyanobacteria in extreme environments (Cellular origin, life in extreme habitats and astrobiology). Springer, Dordrecht.

STAUB, R., 1961: Ernährungsphysiologische Untersuchungen an der planktonischen Blaualge Oscillatoria rubescens DC. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie 23, 82-198.

WANG, B., ZARKA, A., TREBST, A. V., BOUSSIBA, S., 2003: Astaxanthin accumulation in Haematococcus pluvialis (Chlorophyceae) as an active photoprotective process under high irradiance. Journal of Phycology 39, 1116-1124.

WHARTON, R. A.,MCKAY, C. P.,MANCINELLI, R. L., SIMMONS, G. M., 1989: Early Martian environments: The Antarctic and other terrestrial analogs. Advances in Space Research 9, 147-153.

WODENITSCHAROFF, D. G., 1962: Hydrobotanische Untersuchungen über das Urdino-Kar (N-W Rila-Gebirge). Annuaire University Sofia, Faculty of Biology, Geology and Geography. 1. Biologie (Botanique) 54/55, 141-209.

Acta Botanica Croatica

The Journal of University of Zagreb

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.58
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.828

CiteScore 2016: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.269
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.722

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 25 25 11
PDF Downloads 14 14 12