Effects of selected groundwater chemical traits on a salt marsh community
Electrical conductivity, exchangeable sodium ratio and water depth have negative impacts, whereas soil organic matter concentration has a positive impact on Black Sea salt marsh vegetation. The most saline soils were characterized by Salicornia prostrata vegetation and associated with exchangeable sodium ratio. Alhagi pseudalhagi and Tamarix smrynensis populations were associated with water depth, while Juncus littoralis, Ammophila arenaria and E. paralias were associated with soil organic matter. Euphorbia paralias, Ammophila arenaria and Iris orientalis were associated with acidity.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Abd El-Ghani, M. M., 2000a: Floristics and environmental relations in two extreme desert zones of western Egypt. Global Ecology and Biogeography 9, 499-516.
Abd El-Ghani, M. M., 2000b: Vegetation composition of Egyptian inland saltmarshes. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 41, 305-314.
Abd El-Ghani, M. M., Amer, W. A., 2003: Soil-vegetation relationships in a coastal desert plain of southern Sinai, Egypt. Journal of Arid Environments 55, 607-628.
Abdel-Razik, M. S., Ismail, A. M. A., 1990: Vegetation composition of a maritime salt marsh in Qatar in resltion to edaphic features. Journal of Vegetation Science 1, 85-88.
Allen, S. E., Grimshaw, H. M., Parkinson, J. A., Quarmby, C., Roberts, J. D., 1986: Chemical Analysis. In: Chapman, S. B. (ed.), Methods in Plant Ecology, 411-466. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
Alpar, B., 2009: Vulnerability of Turkish coasts to accelerated sea-level rise. Geomorphology 107, 58-63.
Álvarez-Rogel, J., Martínez-Sánchez, J. J., Blázguez, L. C., Semitiel, M. M., 2006: A Conceptual model of salt marsh plant distribution in coastal dunes of southeastern Spain. Wetlands 26, 703-717.
Álvarez-Rogel, J., Carrasco, L., Marín, C. M., Martínez-Sánchez, J. J., 2007: Soils of a dune coastal salt marsh system in relation to groundwater level, micro-topography and vegetation under a semiarid Mediterranean climate in SE Spain. Catena 69, 111-121.
Amezketa, E., De Lersundi, J. V., 2008: Soil classification and salinity mapping for determining restoration potential of cropped riparian areas. Land Degradation and Development 19, 153-164.
Apaydin, Z., Kutbay, H. G., Ozbucak, T., Yalcin, E., Bilgin, A, 2009: Relationships between vegetation zonation and edaphic factors in a salt-marsh community (Black Sea Coast). Polish Journal of Ecology 57, 99-112.
Arslan, H., Guler, M., Cemek, B., Demir, Y., 2007: Assessment of groundwater quality in Bafra Plain for irrigation. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty 4, 219-226.
Asri, Y., Ghorbanli, M., 1997: The halophilous vegetation of the Orumieh lake salt marshes NW Iran. Plant Ecology 132, 155-170.
Bertness, M. D., Gough, L., Shumway, S. W, 1992: Salt tolerances and distribution of fugitive salt marsh plants. Ecology 73, 1842-1851.
Black, C. A., 1968: Soil-plant relationships. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Bornman, T. G., Adams, J. B., Bate, G. C., 2002: Freshwater requirements of a semi-arid supratidal and floodplain salt marsh. Estuaries 2, 1394-1405.
Bornman, T. G., Adams, J. B., Bate, G. C., 2004: The influence of floodplain geohydrology on the distribution of Sarcocornia pillansii in the Olifants Estuary on the West Coast, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 56, 603-625.
Bornman, T. G., Adams, J. B., Bate, G. C., 2008: Environmental factors controlling the vegetation zonation patterns and distribution of vegetation types in the Olifants Estuary, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 74, 685-695.
Brummitt R.K., Powell, C. E., 1992: Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
Burchill, C. A., Kenkel, N. C., 1991: Vegetation-environment relationships of an inland boreal salt pan. Canadian Journal of Botany 69, 722-732.
Cantero, J. J., Leon, R., Cisneros, J. M., Cantero, A., 1998a: Habitat structure and vegetation relationships in central Argentina salt marsh landscapes. Plant Ecology 137, 79-100.
Cantero, J. J., Cisneros, J. M., Zobel, M., Cantero, A., 1998b: Environmental relationships of vegetation patterns in salt marshes of central Argentina. Folia Geobotanica 33, 133-145.
Chapman, V. J., 1974: Salt marshes and salt deserts of the world. J. Cramer, Lehre.
Cisneros, M., Cantero, J. J., Cantero, A., 1999: Vegetation, soil hydrophysical properties, and grazing relationships in saline-sodic soils of central Argentina. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 79, 399-409.
Creasey, C. L., Flegal, A. R., 1999: Elemental analyses of goundwater: demonstrated advantage of low-flow sampling and trace-metal clean techniques over standard techniques. Hydrogeology Journal 7, 161-167.
Davis, P. H., (ed.) 1965-1985: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands, 1-9. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Davis, P. H., Mill, R., Tan, K., (eds.) 1988: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands, 10 (Supplement). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Demir, Y., Ersahin, S., Guler, M., Cemek, B., Gunal, H., Arslan, H., 2009: Spatial variability of depth and salinity of groundwater under irrigated ustifluvents in the Middle Black Sea Region of Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 158, 279-294.
El-Bana, M. I., Al-Mathnani, A, S., 2009: Vegetation-soil relationships in the Wadi Al-Hayat Area of the Libyan Sahara. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3, 740-747.
El-Sheikh, M. A., Abadi, G. A., 2004: Biodiversity of plant communities in the Jal Az-Zor National Park, Kuwait. Kuwait Journal of Science and Engineering 31, 77-105.
Engin, A., Korkmaz H., 1990. The flora of the district between the body of the dam and Sahinkaya strait (Down Lake Area) and its close environment in the area of Bafra Altinkaya Dam Lake. Proceedings 10 National Biology Congress, Botany Session, Erzurum, 111-120.
Faulkner, S. P., Patrick, W. H., Gambrell, R. P., 1989: Field techniques for measuring wetland soil parameters. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53, 883-890.
Focht, T., Pillar, V. D., 2003: Spatial patterns and relations with site factors in campos grassland under grazing. Brazilian Journal of Biology 63, 23-436.
Hanlon, E. A., 1998: Elemental determination by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In: Y. P. Kalra (ed.), Handbook of reference methods for the plant analysis, 157-164. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Henderson, P. A., Seaby, R. M. H., 2001: Environmental community analysis 1.33 version. Pisces Conservation Ltd., Lymington.
Hussein, A. H., Rabenhorst, M. C., 2001: Tidal inundation of transgressive coastal areas: pedogenesis of salinization and alkalinization. Soil Science Society of American Journal 65, 536-544.
Ihm, B S., Lee, J. S., Kim, J. W., Kim, J. H., 2007: Coastal plant and soil relationships along the southwestern coast of South Korea. Journal of Plant Biology 50, 331-335.
Ji, Y., Zhou, G., New, T. 2009: Abiotic factors influencing the distribution of vegetation in coastal estuary of the Liaohe Delta, northeast China. Northeast China Estuaries and Coasts 32, 937-942.
Jongman, R. H., Terbraak, C. J. F., Tongeren, O. F. R., 1995: Data analysis in community and landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.
Kennish, M. J. 2001: Coastal salt marsh systems in the U. S.: A review of antropogenic impacts. Journal of Coastal Research 17, 731-748.
Khaznadar, M., Vogiatzakis, I. N., Griffiths, G. H., 2009: Land degradation and vegetation distribution in Chott El Beida wetland, Algeria. Journal of Arid Environments 73, 369-377.
Kilinc, M., Kutbay, H. G., Yalcin, E., Bilgin, A., 2006: Plant ecology and plant sociology practices. Palme Publications, Ankara.
Kutbay, H. G., Demir, M., 2001: The changes in nutrient contents of salt marsh species and the importance of edaphic physicochemical factors. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 19, 35-43.
Li Wei-Quiang, Xiao-Jing, L., Khan, M. A., Gul, B., 2008: Relationship between soil characteristics and halophytic vegetation in coastal regions of North China. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40, 1081-1090.
Mashaly, I. A., 2001: Contribution to the ecology of the deltaic Mediterranean coast, Egypt. Journal of Biological Sciences 1, 628-635.
Mitsch, W. J., Gosselink, J., 1993: Wetlands. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Mueller-Dumbois, D., Ellenberg, H., 1974: Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. Wiley and Sons, New York.
Omer, L. St. 2004: Small-scale resource heterogenity among halophytic plant species in an upper salt marsh community. Aquatic Botany 78, 337-448.
Onaindia, M., Amezega, I., 1999: Natural regeneration in salt marshes of northern Spain. Annales Botanici Fennici 36, 59-66.
Pennings, S. C., Callaway, R. M., 1992: Salt marsh plant zonation: The relative importance of competition and physical factors. Ecology 73, 681-690.
Pennings, S. C., Grant, M. B., Bertness, M. D., 2005: Plant zonation in low-latitude salt marshes: disentangling the roles of flooding, salinity and competition. Journal of Ecology 93, 159-167.
Piernik, A., 2003: Inland halophilous vegetation as indicator of soil salinity. Basic and Applied Ecology 4, 525-536.
Salama, H. M. H, Bokhari, N., 2009: Relationship between plant cover type and soil properties on western coastal region, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 5, 1040-1050.
Sánchez, J. M., Otero, X. L., Izco, J., 1998: Relationships between vegetation and environmental characteristics in a salt-marsh system on the coast of Northwest Spain. Journal of Vegetation Science 136, 1-8.
Shaltout, K. H., Al-Sodany, Y. M., 2008: Vegetation analysis of Burullus Wetland: a Ramsar site in Egypt. Wetlands Ecology and Management 16, 421-439.
Thibodeau, P. M., Gardner, L. R., Reeves, H. W., 1998: The role of groundwater flow in controlling the spatial distribution of soil salinity and rooted macrophytes in a southeastern salt marsh, USA. Mangroves and Salt Marshes 2, 1-13.
Van Der Maarel, E., 1979: Transformation of cover-abundance values in phytosociology and its effects on community similarity. Vegetatio 39, 97-144.
Zahran, M. A., Willis, A. J., 2008: The Western Desert. The vegetation of Egypt. Springer.
Zhang, J., 1996: Interactive effects of soil nutrients, moisture, and sand burial on the development, physiology, biomass and fitness of Cakile edentula. Annals of Botany 78, 591-598.