Human capital of the child population and its selected determinants: Case study of Lviv city, Ukraine

Open access


In conditions of modern economic and political destabilisation in Ukraine, human capital of the child population is considered as the most reliable indicator of socioeconomic development of the country and its regions. The primary goal of the study is the analysis of health status as the main element of human capital among the child population aged 0-14, and external and family environmental factors influencing this population group in the city of Lviv (in the light of available statistics and materials of the author’s own sociological research). Research results show a potential crisis of human capital among the child population in Lviv city. Results of own field research show a statistically important correlation between the willingness of parents to have more children and the following independent variables: number of members in the household, and the household’s income. The state of health among the child population showed a significant correlation between the following variables: household’s income, life satisfaction among parents, availability of healthcare in the place of residence, financial affordability of healthcare, physical activity among children, influence of noise and unpleasant scents.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Aizer A. and Cunha F. 2012: The Production of Human Capital: Endowments Investments and Fertility. Working Paper 18429. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research. Available at: DoA: June 2016.

  • Almond D. and Currie J. 2011: Human capital before the age five. In: Handbook of Labor Economics Volume 4 Part B pp. 1315-1486. DOI:

  • Babiarz M.Z. and Szumilaz E.M. 2013: Ocena wybranychaspektow zdrowia dzieci w Polsce w perspektywie badań GUS i badań własnych (Evaluation f selected aspects of children’s health in Poland GUS studies in perspective and own experience - in Polish). In: Zdrowie i dobrostan Volume 1 pp. 9-32.

  • Barker D.J. 1998: Mothers babies and health in later life (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston.

  • Baylina M. and Prats-Ferret M. 2010: The Second International Conference on Geographies of Children Youth and Families Barcelona 2009: a report. In: Children’s Geographies Volume 8 Issue 4 pp. 437-440.

  • Becker S.G. and Nigel T. 1986: Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families. In: Journal of Labor Economics Volume 4 Issue 3 pp. S1-S39.

  • Brown P.H. 2006: Parental Education and Investment in Children’s Human Capital in Rural China. In: Economic Development and Cultural Change Volume 54 Issue 4 pp. 759-789.

  • Bunge W. 1973: The geography. In: The Professional Geographer Volume 25 Issue 4 pp. 331-337.

  • Cili rozvytku tysjačolittja Ukrajina: 2000-2015 (Millennium development goals Ukraine: 2000-2015 - in Ukrainian) 2016. Kyjiv: PROON v Ukrajini. Available at: DoA: June 2016.

  • Currie J. and Goodman J. 2010: Parental Socioeconomic Status Child Health and Human Capital. In: International Encyclopedia of Education Volume 2 pp. 252-259. Available at: DoA: May 2016.

  • Doing Children’s Geographies. Methodological Issues in Research with Young People 2009. In: van Blerk L. and Kesby M. editors London and New York: Routledge pp. 1-240.

  • Gluckman P. and Hanson M. 2005: The fetal matrix: evolution development and disease. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Golledge R. Smith T. Pellegrino J. Doherty S. and Marshall S. 1985: A conceptual and empirical analysis of children’s acquisition of spatial knowledge. In: Journal of Environmental Psychology Volume 5 Issue 2 pp. 125-152.

  • Grossman M. 2000: The Human Capital Model. In: Culyer A.J. and Newhouse J.P. editors Handbook of Health Economics Volume 1 pp. 348-408.

  • Growing up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people’s health and well-being. Health behavior in school-aged children (HBSC) study: internal report from the 2013/2014 survey 2016. In: Inchley J. Currie D. Young T. Sambal O. Torsheim T. Augustson L. Mathison F. Aleman-Diaz A. Molcho M. Weber M. and Barnekow V. editors Health Policy for Children and Adolescent No. 7 Copenhagen WHO Regional Office for Europe pp. 1-277. Available at: full-report.pdf DoA: May 2016.

  • Harden J. Backett-Milburn K. MacLean A. Cunningham- Burley S. and Jamieson L. 2013: Home and away: construction family and childhood in the context of working parenthood. In: Children’s Geographies Vol. 11 No. 3 pp. 298-310 DOI:

  • Heckman J.J. 2000: Policies to foster human capital. In: Research in Economics Volume 54 Issue 1 pp. 3-56.

  • Holloway S. and Valentine G. 2000: Children’s geographies: playing living learning London: Routledge.

  • James A.L. 2010: Competition or integration? The next step in childhood studies. In: Childhood Volume 17 Issue 4 pp. 485-499.

  • Johnson R.C. and Schoeni R.F. 2007: The Influence of Early-Life Events on Human Capital Health Status and Labor Market Outcomes over the Life Course. Population Studies Center Research Report 07-616. University of Michigan Institute for Social Research.Available at: DoA: March 2016.

  • Kamer B. Pasowska R. Grys W. Socha-Banasiak A. Kamer-Bartosińska A. Matczak-Rynkowska A. Kałużna-Czaplińska J. and Rynkowski J. 2014: Pre- and postnatal exposure of children to tobacco smoke during the first four years of live - observa tions of the authors. In: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine Volume 21 Issue 4 pp. 753-759. Available at: DoA: May 2016.

  • Katz C. 1993: Growing girls/closing circles: limits on the spaces of knowing in rural Sudan and US cities. In: Katz. C. and Monk J. editors Full Circles: geographies of women over the life course London: Routledge pp. 88-106.

  • Katz C. 1994: Textures of global changes: eroding ecologies of childhood in New York and Sudan. In: Childhood: a global journal of childhood research Volume 2 pp. 103-110.

  • Kent G. 1988: Children as human capital? In: Food and Nutrition Bulletin Volume 10 No. 4 pp. 54-58.

  • Larson R.W. 2001: How U.S. Children and Adolescents Spend Time: What It Does (and Doesn’t) Tell Us About Their Development. In: Current Directions in Psychological Science Volume 10 Issue 5 pp. 160-164.

  • Leech R.M. McNaughton S.A. and Timperio A. 2014: The clustering of diet physical activity and sedentary behavior in children and adolescent: a review. In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Volume 11 Issue 4 pp. 1-9. Available at: DoA: June 2016

  • Lilleor H.B. 2015: Human Capital Diversification among Children. Copenhagen: Rockwool Foundation Research Unit.

  • McKendrick J. 2001: Coming of age: rethinking the role of children in population studies. In: International Journal of Population Geography Volume 7 pp. 461-472.

  • Österbacka E. Merz J. and Zick C.D. 2010: Human Capital Investments in Children: A Comparative Analysis of the Role of Parent-Child Shared Time in Selected Countries. IZA Disscussion Papers No.5084 Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for the Study of Labor. Available at: DoA: May 2016.

  • Punch S. and Emot R. 2010: Children’s food practices in families and institutions. In: Children’s Geographies Volume 8 Issue 3 pp. 227-232.

  • Repetti R.L. Taylor S.E. and Seeman T. 2002: Risky families: family social environment and the mental and physical health of offspring. In: Psychological Bulletin Volume 128 Issue 2 pp. 330-366.

  • Rutter M. 2006: Genes and behavior: nature-nurture interplay explained. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

  • Samoocinka naselennjam stanu zdorov’ja ta rivnja dostupnosti okremych vydiv medyčnoji dopomogy u 2015 roci (za danymy vybirkovogo opytuvannja domogospodarstv u žovtni 2015 r.) (Self-assessment of Health Status and Availability of Selected Types of Medicaid - in Ukrainian) 2016 Kyjiv: Deržavna Služba Statystyky Ukrajiny.

  • Socialno-demografični charakterystyky domogospodarstv Ukrajiny u 2014 roci. Statystyčnyj zbirnyk (Social and Demographic Characteristics of Households of Ukraine - in Ukrainian) 2014 Kyjiv: Deržavna Služba Statystyky Ukrajiny.

  • Spencer C. and Woolley H. 2000: Children and the city: a summary of recent environmental psychology research. In: Child: Care Health and Development Volume 26 Issue 3 pp. 181-197.

  • Stan zdrowia ludności Polski w 2014 r. (Health state of the population in Poland in 2014 - in Polish) 2016. Warszawa: GUS.

  • The Role of the Family in the Production of Human Capital 2005: National Research Council. Beyond the Market: Designing Nonmarket Accounts for the United States. Washington DC: The National Academies Press DOI:

  • Ukrajins’ke suspilstvo 1992-2013: stan ta dynamika zmin (Ukrainian Society 1992-2013. Current State and Dynamics of Changes - in Ukrainian) 2013. In: Vorona V. and Šulga M. editors Sociologičnyj monitoring Kyjiv: Instytut Sociologiji NAN Ukrajiny pp. 1-566.

  • Ward C. 1978: The Child in the City. London: Architectural Press.

  • Warren J.R. 2016: Does Growing Childhood Socioeconomic Inequality Mean Future Inequality in Adult Health? In: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Volume 663 Issue 1 pp. 292-330.

  • Woynarowska B. and Oblacińska A. 2014: Stan zdrowia dzieci i młodzieży w Polsce. Najważniejsze problemy zdrowotne (Health state of child and adolescent population in Poland. Main health problems - in Polish). In: Studia BAS Volume 2 Issue 38 pp. 41-64.

  • Wulczyn F.H. 2008: Child Well-Being as Human Capital. Chicago: Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago.

  • Yueh L.Y. and Hall S.T. 2001: A Model of Parental Investment in Children’s Human Capital. SKORE Re search Paper No. 15 Oxford: ESRC funded Centre on Skills Knowledge and Organizational Performance.

  • Zdrowie dzieci i młodzieży w wymiarze socjomedycznym (Child and adolescent health in sociomedical dimension - in Polish) 2013. In: Szymborski J. and Zatoński W. editors Zdrowie Publiczne. Monografie Tom II Wszechnica Polska: Szkoła Wyższa w Warszawie pp. 1-200.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 1.11

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.218
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.591

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 219 95 12
PDF Downloads 124 69 12