‘The Mkuze River it has crossed the fence’ (1) – communities on the boundary of the Mkuze protected area

Open access

Abstract

Restricting access to wilderness and wildlife resources is a contested topic in a time when developing nations are seeking to increase quality of life for their citizens. A case in point is the Mkuze Game Reserve which encompasses rich biodiversity and is surrounded by under-resourced rural communities. A history of exclusion from land and resources has left local residents feeling negative about western conservation ideals. Perceptions of protected areas and conservation objectives are important if management authorities are to affect a meaningful buy-in to conservation and sustainable resource use among local residents. In this paper, part of a larger mixed-methods study, we set out to explore the perceptions three rural communities have of 1) local land-cover and livelihood change and 2) the socio-economic benefits expected and derived from living adjacent to Mkuze Game Reserve, a publicly administered protected area in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. People living around the reserve felt they receive few benefits from living near to a protected area. Management countered that they are not well funded enough to provide much development support. In addition to this, the community sees a contrast between this lack of benefit sharing and the successful benefit sharing experienced by a neighbouring community which borders a private reserve. This has added to their negative view of the way Mkuze Game Reserve management has been engaging with communities. Effective engagement with communities and understanding their expectations will be important for strengthening conservation initiatives and community engagement objectives in the area.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adams W. 2004: Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation London: Earthscan.

  • Andrews L. Higgins A. Andrews M. and Lalor J. 2012: Classic Grounded Theory to Analyse Secondary Data: Reality and Reflections. In: The Grounded Theory Review Vol. 11 (1) pp. 12-26.

  • Anthony B. and Szabo A. 2011: Protected Areas: Conservation Cornerstones or Paradoxes? Insights from Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Africa and south-East Europe. In: Lopez-Pujol J. editor The Importance of Biological Interactions in the Study of Biodiversity Manhattan: InTech.

  • Beinart W. 2003: The Rise of Conservation in South Africa: Settlers livestock and the environment 1770-1950 Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Bennet N. and Dearden P. 2014: Why Local People Do Not Support Conservation: Community Perceptions of Marine Protected Area Livelihood Impacts Governance and Management in Thailand. In: Marine Policy Vol. 44 pp. 107-116.

  • Berkes F. Colding J. and Folke C. 2000: Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management. In: Ecological Applications Vol. 10 (5) pp.1251-1262.

  • Briggs P. 2008: Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park Pinetown: 30 South.

  • Burgoyne C. Kelso C. and Ahmed F. 2015: Human Activity and Vegetation Change around Mkuze Game Reserve South Africa. In: South African Geographical Journal Vol. 97 (in press).

  • Carruthers J. 2008: Conservation and Wildlife Management in South African National Parks 1930s-1960s. In: Journal of the History of Biology Vol. 41 pp. 203-236.

  • Carruthers J. 2010: Romance Reverence Research Rights: Writing about Elephant Hunting and Management in southern Africa c. 1830s to 2008. In: Koedoe Vol. 52(1).

  • Charmaz K. 2014: Constructing Grounded Theory London: Sage.

  • Child B. 2009: The Emergence of Parks and Consevation Narratives in Southern Africa. In: Suich H. Child B. and Spenceley A. editors Evolution and Innovation in Wildlife Conservation: Parks and Game Ranches to Transfrontier Conservation Areas London: Earthscan.

  • Child B. 2013: The Luangwa Integrated Rural Development Project Zambia. In: Fabricius C. Koch E. Magome H. and Turner S. editors Rights Resources and Rural Development: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in southern Africa London: Earthscan.

  • Dahlberg A. and Burlando C. 2009: Addressing Trade-offs: Experiences from Conservation and Development Initiatives in the Mkhuze wetlands South Africa. In: Ecology and Society Vol. 14 (2) pp. 37-48.

  • Estes A. Kuemmerle T. Kushnir H. Radeloff V. and Shugart H. 2012: Land-Cover Change and Human Population Trends in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem from 1984 to 2003. In: Biological Conservation Vol. 147 (1) pp.255-263.

  • Giannecchini M. Twine W. and Vogel C. 2007: Land- Cover Change and Human-Environment Interactions in a Rural Cultural Landscape in South Africa. In: The Geographical Journal Vol. 173 (1) pp. 26-42.

  • Golightly W. 2011: Shaka the Great: The Epic Story of the Zulu Empire London: Quercus.

  • Gush R. 2000: Mkhuze - The Formative Years. Available online at: www.africamera.co.za. DoA: 22 February 2012

  • Houessou L. Teka O. Imorou I. Lykke A. and Sinsin B. 2013: Land Use and Land-Cover Change at “W” Biosphere Reserve and its Surroundings Areas in Benin Republic (West Africa). In: Environment and Natural Resources Research Vol. 3 (2) pp. 87-101.

  • Hutchins D. 1903: Indigenous Timbers of the Cape Cape Town Townshend: Taylor and Snashall.

  • Karanth K. and Nepal S. 2011: Local Residents Perceptions of Benefits and Losses from Protected Areas in India and Nepal. In: Environmental Management Vol. 49 (2) pp. 372-386.

  • Knight I. 1995: Zulu 1816-1906 Oxford: Osprey.

  • Maffi L. and Woodley E. 2010: Biocultural Diversity Conservation: A Global Sourcebook London: Earthscan.

  • McCracken D. 2009: Saving the Zululand Wilderness: An Early Struggle for Nature Conservation Johannesburg: Jacana.

  • Page S. and Ateljevic J. 2009: Tourism and Entrepreneurship: International Perspectives London: Routledge.

  • Misra A. Lata K. and Shukla J. 2014: Effects of Population and Population Pressure on Forest Resources and their Conservation: A Modeling Study. In: Environment Development and Sustainability Vol. 16 (2) pp. 361-374.

  • Mullins D. and Mulder L. 2003: Tourism Expenditure and Regional Econommic Development in KwaZulu- Natal: A Social Accounting Matrix. In: Aylward B. and Lutz E. editors Nature Tourism Conservation and Development in KwaZulu-Natal South Africa Washington: The World Bank.

  • Perfect J. Majule A. Umba T. Sabushimike J. Hategekimana S. Okinda-Owuor P. Banadda E. Obua J. and Okoth S. 2011: Trends in Natural Resources Degradation in the Kagera basin of Tanzania. In Natural Resources Management and Land Use.

  • Proceedings of the Cluster Workshop Nairobi Kenya 30th November-2nd December 2011 Inter-University Council for East Africa Lake Victoria Research Initiative. pp. 69-79.

  • Pillay K. Agjee N. and Pillay S. 2013: Modelling Changes in Land Cover Patterns in Mtunzini South Africa Using Satellite Imagery. In: Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing Vol. Oct. pp.1-10.

  • SANParks & Isimangaliso-Wetland-Park 2012: Meeting of SANParks and Isimangaliso Wetland Park: South African National Parks & iSimangaliso Wetland Park 2012 Strategic Plans. Available online at: http://www.pmg.org.za/report/20120503-south-african-national-parks-isimangaliso-wetland-park-2012-strategic. DoA: 12 August 2014

  • Snyman S. 2012: The Role of Tourism Employment in Poverty Reduction and Community Perceptions of Conservation and Tourism in southern Africa. In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism Vol. 20 (3) pp. 395-416.

  • Strydom H.A. 2009: Protected Areas. In: Strydom H.A. and King N.D. editors Environmental Management in South Africa Cape Town: Juta.

  • Wessels K. Prince S. Malherbe J. Small J. Frost P. and Van Zyl D. 2007. Can Human-Induced Land Degradation be distinguished from the Effects of Rainfall Variability? A Case Study in South Africa. In: Journal of Arid Environments Vol. 68 pp. 271-297.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 1.11

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.218
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.591

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 199 67 12
PDF Downloads 118 55 3