The Paradigm Shifts of Community Governance in China

Open access

Abstract

This paper provides a description of the community governance paradigm shifts in China over the past 4 decades. By taking a historical review of Chinese tradition in community governance, a brief history of the transformation of property rights in the former Soviet Bloc, plus a theoretical analysis from the perspective of social physics, this study clarifies the inherent logic for the community governance evolution across China. The influence that ancient dynasties, up to 1949, exerted upon the modern community governance has been large, which has formed certain social governance inertia. However, there have emerged many new forms of power among which the homeowners are the strongest group to demand more autonomy. By using a social physics framework, this article sheds light on the ongoing tension between the traditional inertia and the emerging trend of autonomy in real estate. Furthermore, the logic could be employed for predicting the future community governance style in China.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anderson B. (1991). Imagined Community. London & New York: Verso.

  • Baidu Encyclopedia. (n. d.). Dujia System. Retrieved November 10 2018 from Baidu Encyclopedia https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%83%BD%E7%94%B2%E5%88%B6/3793714?fr=aladdin

  • Barlow W. J. (n. d.). WELCOME TO OSWEGO NY. Retrieved February 20 2019 from The City of Oswego http://www.oswegony.org/

  • Binovska I. Kauskale L. & Vanags J. (2018). The Comparative Analysis of Real Estate Market Development Tendencies in the Baltic States. Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management6(1) 6–23. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjreecm-2018-0001

  • Buchanan J. & Tullock G. (1999). Calculus of Consent: The Logical Foundations of Constitutional Democracy. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.

  • Chang B. (2016). Homeowner Association as Emerging Force in Community Democracy & Negotiations. Collection Papers for the Conference on Smart and Participative Community (pp. 7–10). Ningbo: Ningbo HOA Federation & Cathy Institute of Public Affairs.

  • Chen J. (2006). How Far Is Participatory Governance from Urban Communities. Socialist Studies 127–128.

  • Chen Q. Qin Z. & Wang Z. (2018). How Red Property Management Companies’ Role in Community Governance. Journal of JiangHan University (Social Science Edition) 68–72.

  • Chen W. & Jiang X. (November 2018). From Autonomy to Governance: on Chinese Community Studies’ Perspective Change. Party-Government Research 1–10.

  • Chen Y. (2016). An Economic Analysis into Urban Community Governance and Service. Smart Community and Negotiable Community 1–6. Ningbo: Ningbo HOA Federation & Cathy Institute of Public Affairs.

  • Cheng J. (2013). Chinese National Administration. Beijing: Beijing Technology Institute Press.

  • China National Council. (22 July 2015). The Guideline Opinions on Community Negotiations Among Stakeholders. Retrieved from Central Government Net http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/2015-07/22/content_2900883.htm

  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure. (November 15 2018). Published papers on “Community Governance” in China. Retrieved from Central Government Net: CNKI: http://kns.cnki.net/kns/brief/default_result.aspx

  • Comte A. (1853). The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • CPC. (2017). Constitution for the Communist Party of China. Beijing: People Press.

  • Dai X. (22 May 2017). Community Autonomy: A Model for Community Governance. Women Daily of China A03.

  • Dai Zhiwei Z. X. (12 October 2008). The Study into NGOs in the Perspective of Community Governance. Beijing China.

  • Deng X. (1989). Selected Writings by Deng Xiaoping. Beijing: People Press.

  • Dunbar R. I. (2010). How Many Friends Does One Person Need? Dunbar’s Number and Other Evolutionary Quirks. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

  • Etzioni A. (1993). The Spirit of Community: Rights Responsibilities and Communitarian Agenda. New York: Crown Publishers.

  • Fan G. (July 2016). The Shentou Society as the Trusible Third-party Arbitrator of Community Conflicts. Harmonious Community Communication 55–61.

  • Fei H. (1939). Peasant Life in China. London: Routledge.

  • Ge T. (2018). The Practice Exploration and Theory Reflection upon Chinese Community Governance Since Adopting the Reform and Opening-up Policy. Chinese Civil Administration 24–26.

  • Glaser B. & and Strauss A. (2006). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. New Brunswick and London: Aldine Transaction (a division of Transaction Publishers).

  • Hayek F. A. (2005). The Condensed version of the Road to Serfdom With Intellectuals and Socialism. London: London: The Institute of Economic Affairs.

  • Hu J. (2016). Making Harmonious Community Work: A Study on Disputes Resolution in Urban Communities in Contemporary China. Shanghai: Shanghai People Press.

  • Hu Y. & Zhou H. (December 2015). The Practice and Comparison of Six Autonomous Communities in Guangzhou Cities. Property and Real estate 70–74.

  • Hualong District Government. (24 November 2017). Strengthening Communist Party Power Over Property Affairs. Puyang City Henan Province China.

  • Jing C. (November 2015). On the Challenges Confronting Current Communities. Social Science Journal for Shanxi Higher Institutions 32–35.

  • Liang S. (2006). Rural Community Construction. Shanghai: People’s Press of Shanghai.

  • Ling D. (2016). Autonomy of Homeowners: The Best Approach to Community Deliberative Democracy in Practice. The Collection of Papers on Community DemocracyZhengzhou University 162–165. Zhengzhou: Zhengzhou University.

  • Liu A. (November 2005). My Property My Rights: On the Great Expectations of Autonomous Management by Homeowners. Modern Community.

  • Liu J. (2003). National Discourse and Social Practice: Interpreting Chinese Goals for Urban Community Construction. Social Science Studies 104–109.

  • Mao M. (May 2017). How the Red Engine Project Promotes Old Communities Modernized. Yangtze River Forum 20–25.

  • Mao T. (3 December 2018). On Feudalism. Retrieved from People Net http://www.people.com.cn/GB/shizheng/8198/30446/30453/2220293.html

  • Mello J. & Flint D. J. (2009). A Refined View of Grounded Theory and Its Application to Logistics Research. Journal of Business Logistics30(1) 107–125. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2158-1592.2009.tb00101.x

  • Nanjing Daily. (24 December 2017). The First Red Property Management Company in Nanjing City (pp. A1).

  • Nanjing Daily. (23 December 2018). Sing High Praise of Red Property Management Releasing Many People’s Worries10–11.

  • National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2018). Comprehensive Statistics Data on Yearly Basis. Retrieved from http://data.stats.gov.cn/

  • North D. C. (1990). Institutions Institutional Change and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511808678

  • Ostom E. Garderr R. & Walker J. (1994). Rules Games and Common-pool Resources. Ann Arbor: Michigann University Press. https://doi.org/10.3998/mpub.9739

  • Putnam R. D. Leonardi R. & Nanetti R. (1994). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

  • Qian X. (1988). On the Institution of Overall Strategic Planning Department. The Journal of People’s University of China 10–22.

  • Rapaczynski A. (1996). The Roles of the State and the Market in Establishing Property Rights. Journal of Economic Perspectives 87–103. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.10.2.87

  • Shao L. (2010). Exploration into the Mode of Homeowner Autonomy. Harmonious Community 147–149.

  • Sima Q. (1999). The Historic Records. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Publishing House.

  • Smith A. (2007). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Lausanne: Metalibri Digital Library.

  • Tan J. (2018). From Class Suits to Homeowners’ Autonomy of Their Communities. Collections of Papers in the Seminar on Homeowners’ Autonomy Experience Exchange across China (pp. 1–10). Changsha: Hu Hsiang Society.

  • Tonnies F. (2011). Community and Civil Society. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Wan L. & Dong X. (2006). Mencius’s Teachings. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Publishing House.

  • Wang W. Li L. & Shen H. (2018). The Approaches to Establishing a Pluralist Governance in Community Level. Administrative Reform 67–73.

  • Wu X. (2016). Politics of Housing Rights: Homeowners United Right-Protecting Action in Urban China. Beijing: Central Interpretation & Compiling Press.

  • Xi J. (10 March 2018). The Speech Delivered on the Chongqing Panel of 13th People’s Congress. Retrieved December 5 2018 from People Net http://cq.people.com.cn/n2/2018/0311/c367697-31329269.html

  • Xia X. (2002). The Origin & Flow of Community Governance Theories in China. Peking University Journal 127–134.

  • Xie L. (June 2007). An Interpretation of a Project of Home Owner Autonomy. Property Management of China 46–47.

  • Xue W. (25 January 2018). How to Understand The Statement “Party is Omni-controller”? Retrieved from People Net http://cpc.people.com.cn/n1/2018/0125/c123889-29787340.html

  • Yan Y. (2003). The Social Experiment in Ding County (Digest Version). China Reform 56–57.

  • Yang T. (2013). The Overview of Chinese Urban Community Studies. Shaanxi Administrative Institute Journal 5–10.

  • Yang Z. (July 2016). Autonomy of Homeowners: On the Salience of Balance Between Their Rights and Responsibilities. Property and Real estate 60–63.

  • Zhang X. (2013). The Grass-root Communities in Qin and Han Dynasties. Changsha: Hunan University.

  • Zhao Y. (12 December 2018). Why Is It Hard to Get Community HOAs Approved by Government? Beijing Evening Report 24.

  • Zheng Z. (2016). Imagination and Construction of Community. Beijing: China Social Science Press.

  • Zhu L. (15 September 2017). The Study of Red Property Management Practice in Jiang’an District. Hubei Daily 8.

  • Zuo F. & Liu J. (2013). The Strategic Transformation of Chinese Community Livelihood and Modern Welfare Institutions. Learning and Practice 82–92.

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 260 260 16
PDF Downloads 215 215 5