The Role of Monitoring in Sustainable Development

Abstract

The field of sustainable development has global goals focused on the repletion of wants of natural resources for present-day generations in terms of sustainable consumption so that future generations can meet their needs. Sustainable development can be achieved by substantially transforming national agency systems. The aim of the research is to determine role of monitoring and evaluation in the system of sustainable development of the territory. The methods used in this study are general scientific techniques and methods – analysis, logical access method, monographic and other methods. Some international standards for sustainable development have been adopted today. Monitoring and targeted indicator ratings are measures that promote sustainable development. The following conceptual approaches to monitoring can be distinguished for the purpose of monitoring: 1) monitoring as information and analytical support for the management decision support system; 2) monitoring aimed at generating new knowledge; 3) monitoring as a system for tracking quantitative and qualitative changes; 4) monitoring as sequential activity algorithm; 5) object state on-line monitoring; 6) proactive monitoring. Aims should be set to manage the sustainable development process and evaluate the effectiveness of the tools used to achieve it. Sustainable development indicators are necessary to establish the degree of responsibility of their values to the criteria for sustainable development.

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