Lessons From The EU-Russia Sanctions 2014-2015

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Abstract

This article analyzes and discusses the objectives of the sanctions implemented by the European Union against Russia and Russian countermeasures against EU member states in 2014-2015, by comparing the official aims with the options expressed in theoretical debates and experiences gained from historical lessons. In principle, the study seeks an answer to the question: what could be realistically achieved as a result of the current form of restricted sanctions and what stays beyond their reach. Methodologically, this article focuses on the evaluation of the ability of theoretical models to explain the logic of anti-Russian sanctions and debates the options of the outcomes of current formation of sanctions in light of theoretical models.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

LEGAL REFERENCES

  • 1. Decision 2014/145/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 78 (17 March 2014).

  • 2. Decision 2014/265/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 137 (12 May 2014) [amendment to the criteria for listing (travel bans/asset freezes); amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures].

  • 3. Decision 2014/308/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 160 (29 May 2014) [amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures].

  • 4. Decision 2014/386/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 365 (19 December 2014) [to expand the restrictive measures on Crimea and Sevastopol relating to finance, goods and tourism].

  • 5. Decision 2014/455/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 205 (12 July 2014) [amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures].

  • 6. Decision 2014/475/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 214 (19 July 2014) [amendment to the criteria for listing (asset freezes)].

  • 7. Decision 2014/508/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 226 (30 July 2014) [amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures].

  • 8. Decision 2014/658/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 271/47 (12 September 2014) [amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures; inclusion of persons and entities related to separatist groups in the Donbass region].

  • 9. Decision 2014/801/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 331 (18 November 2014) [to amend the reasons for listing one person].

  • 10. Decision 2014/855/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 344 (29 November 2014) [to add thirteen individuals and five organisations to the list of those subject to restrictive measures].

  • 11. Implementing Decision 2014/151/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 86 (21 March 2014) [amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures].

  • 12. Implementing Decision 2014/238/CFSP. Council of the European Union. OJ L 126 (28 April 2014) [amendment to the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures].

  • 13. On measures to implement the Russian President’s Executive Order ‘On Extending Certain Special Economic Measures in the Interest of Ensuring the Security of the Russian Federation’. Government of Russia (August 2014) // http://government.ru/docs/14195/ [in Russian].

  • 14. Regulation 833/2014. Council of the European Union. OJ L 229/1 (31 July 2014) [concerning restrictive measures in view of Russia's actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine].

  • 15. Regulation 960/2014. Council of the European Union. OJ L 271/3 (8 September 2014) [amending Regulation (EU) No 833/2014 concerning restrictive measures in view of Russia's actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine.

  • 16. Regulation 1290/2014. Council of the European Union. OJ L 349 (4 December 2014) [amending Regulation (EU) No 833/2014 concerning restrictive measures in view of Russia's actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine, and amending Regulation (EU) No 960/2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 833/2014].

  • 17. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation no. 156 of 02.21.2015. On the Russian part of the intergovernmental commission on trade-economic and scientific-technical cooperation between Russia and foreign countries. Government of Russia (21 February 2015) // http://government.ru/docs/all/94975/ [in Russian].

  • 18. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation no. 835 of 08.21.2014, On additional measures to regulate the import of meat of cattle and poultry. Government of Russia (21 August 2014) // http://government.ru/docs/all/92613/ [in Russian].

  • 19. Russian President’s Executive Order no. 368, 15.07.2015, On closure of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Crimea and the State Commission for Socio-Economic Development of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol. President of Russia (15 July 2015) // http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/bank/39955 [in Russian].

Baltic Journal of Law & Politics

A Journal of Vytautas Magnus University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.102
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.276

Target Group researchers and scholars in the fields of law and politics, with an acute interest in the cross-pollinations of disciplines, comparative approaches to regional issues, and active dialogue on pressing contemporary issues of theoretical and practical import.

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