Energy Resources in Foreign Policy: A Theoretical Approach

Open access

Energy Resources in Foreign Policy: A Theoretical Approach

This article examines which theory of international relations is best suited for the analysis of energy resources in international relations. The article suggests that realism paradigm theories might provide a useful starting point from a descriptive method in the studies of energy resources in foreign policy. The idealism paradigm downplays the strategic importance of energy resources, and suggests simplified view that statesmen are economically rational actors. Realism suggests that energy resources are power elements included in states' foreign policy when states seek to expand influence abroad. Detailed examination of classical realism, neorealism, defensive realism, offensive realism and neoclassical realism suggests that neoclassical realism allows extend the analysis of energy resources' role in states foreign policy. Interactions and variables in neoclassical realism suggest the broadest explanations and predictions.

References
  • Brooks, Stephen G. "Duelling Realisms (Realism in International Relations)." International Organization Vol. 51, No. 3 (1997) // http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/brooks.htm (accessed May 28, 2010). http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/brooks.htm

  • Carter, Jimmy, the President of the United States of America. State of the Union Address (January 23, 1980) // http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/speeches/su80jec.phtml

  • Dunne, Tim, and Bryan C. Schmidt. "Realism": 161-184. In: John Balys and Steve Smith, eds. The Globalization of World Politics: an Introduction to International relations. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2005.

  • Elman, Colin. "Realism": 11-20. In: Martin Griffiths, ed. International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century. An Introduction. New York: Routledge, 2007.

  • Giplin, Robert. War and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

  • Klare, Michael T. Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Petroleum Dependency. London: Penguin, 2005

  • Klare, Michael T. "There Will Be Blood: Political Violence, Regional Warfare, and the Risk of great Power Conflict over contested Energy Sources": 44-65. In: Gal Luft and Anne Korin, eds. Energy Security Challenges in the 21st Century. A Reference Handbook. United States of America: ABC-CLIO, 2009.

  • Legro, Jeffrey W., and Andrew Moravcsik. "Is Anybody Still a Realist?" International Security Vol. 24, Issue 2 (1999): 5-55 // http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdf?vid=61&hid=102&sid=4d62655b-fca5-4088-a3a7-5b2db0bbf58e%40sessionmgr111 (accessed June 16, 2010). http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdf?vid=61&hid=102&sid=4d62655b-fca5-4088-a3a7-5b2db0bbf58e%40sessionmgr111

  • Luft, Gal, and Anne Korin. "Realism and Idealism in the Energy Security Debate": 335-350. In: Gal Luft and Anne Korin, eds. Energy Security Challenges in the 21st Century. A Reference Handbook. United States of America: ABC-CLIO, 2009.

  • Luft, Gal, and Anne Korin. Turning Oil Into Salt - Energy Independence Through Fuel Choice. BookSurge Publishing, 2009.

  • Luft, Gal, and Anne Korin. "Energy Security: In the Eyes of the Beholder": 1-17. In: Gal Luft and Anne Korin, eds. Energy Security Callanges for the 21st Century. A Reference Handbook. United States of America: ABC-CLIO, 2009.

  • Lynn-Jones, Sean M. "Realism and America's Rise: a Review Essay." International Security Vol. 23, Issue 2. (1998): 157-182 // http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdf?vid=60&hid=102&sid=4d62655b-fca5-4088-a3a7-5b2db0bbf58e%40sessionmgr111 (accessed May 28, 2010). http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdf?vid=60&hid=102&sid=4d62655b-fca5-4088-a3a7-5b2db0bbf58e%40sessionmgr111

  • Marquina, Antonio. "On the Deceit of Globalization, Energy Security and Challenges to European Foreign Policy" // http://www.theory-talks.org/search/label/Energy%20Security

  • Orban, Anita. Power, Energy and the New Russian Imperialism. Praeger Security International, 2008.

  • Phillips, Andrew Bradley. "Constructivism": 60-74. In: Martin Griffiths, ed. International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century. An introduction. New York: Routledge, 2007.

  • Shaffer, Brenda. Energy Politics. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

  • Sutch, Peter, and Juanita Elias. International Relations: The Basics. New York: Routledge, 2007.

  • Yergin, Daniel. "Ensuring Energy Security." Foreign Affairs Vol. 85, Issue 2 (2006): 69-82 // http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=6&hid=14&sid=801b5954-c052-40f3-a845-4d1fc6e8d8b6%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=19895478 (accessed June 11, 2010). http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=6&hid=14&sid=801b5954-c052-40f3-a845-4d1fc6e8d8b6%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=19895478

  • Yergin, Danel. The Prize: the Epic Quest for Oil, Money and Power. New York: A Division of Simon and Schuster, 2008.

  • Zakaria, Fareed. From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of America's World Role. Princeton University Press, 1998.

Baltic Journal of Law & Politics

A Journal of Vytautas Magnus University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.102
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.276

Target Group researchers and scholars in the fields of law and politics, with an acute interest in the cross-pollinations of disciplines, comparative approaches to regional issues, and active dialogue on pressing contemporary issues of theoretical and practical import.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 97 97 56
PDF Downloads 20 20 14