The Web of the EU'S Neighbourhood Policy: Between Bilateralism and Multilateralism

Open access

The Web of the EU'S Neighbourhood Policy: Between Bilateralism and Multilateralism

This article examines the divergence in the EU's strategies towards neighbours. The goal is to connect different EU neighbourhood initiatives into one framework in making a correlation between national and supranational levels. The distinction between bilateralism/multilateralism and Russia inclusion/Russia exclusion is made within both levels. The division is between European Neighbourhood policy and Eastern Partnership (within bilateral framework) on the one hand, and Northern dimension initiative and Black Sea Synergy on the other. These different EU's strategies towards neighbours reflect contradictory EU development models. The argument is made that national preferences and interests precondition a variety of the EU's neighbourhood initiatives and create a web in EU's neighbourhood policy that is filled with many contradictions.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adamkus Valdas President of Lithuania. "Black Sea Vision." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 15+16 (2005): 7-11 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2005-15%2016/Adamkus.pdf(accessed March 12 2009). http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2005-15%2016/Adamkus.pdf

  • Adamkus Valdas President of Lithuania. "Lithuania as a Centre of Regional Cooperation." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 13+14 (2004): 17-20 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2004-13%2014/Adamkus.pdf(accessed March 13 2009). http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2004-13%2014/Adamkus.pdf

  • Bailes Alyson J.K. "Thoughts on Civilisation Security Integration and Reform." 29-39. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Balfour Rosa. "Principles of Democracy and Human Rights: a Review of the European Union's Strategies Towards its Neighbours." 114-130. In: Sonia Lucarelli Sonia and Ian Manners eds. Values and Principles in European Union Foreign Policy. London and New York: Routledge 2006.

  • Bonvincini Gianni. "The European Neighbourhood Policy and its Linkage with European Security." 21-29. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Browing Christopher S. and Pertti Joenniemi. "Geostrategies of the European Neighbourhood Policy." European Journal of International Relations 14 (2008): 519-551.

  • Browing Christopher S. and Pertti Joenniemi. "The European Union's Two Dimensions: the Eastern and the Northern." Security dialogue 34 (2003): 463-478.

  • Browing Christopher S. and Pertti Joenniemi. "The European Neighbourhood Policy and Why the Northern Dimension Matters." 33-53. In: Joan DeBardeleben ed. The Boundaries of EU Enlargement. Palgrave Macmillan 2008.

  • Casier Tom. "The New Neighbours of the European Union: the Compelling Logic of Enlargement?". 19-33. In: Joan DeBardeleben ed. The Boundaries of EU Enlargement. Palgrave Macmillan 2008.

  • Catellani Nicola "The EU and the Baltic Sea Area." 181-195. In: Nicola Casarini and Constanza Musu eds. European Foreign Policy in an Evolving International System. Palgrave Macmillan 2007.

  • Cimoszewicz Włodzimierz Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland. The Eastern Dimension of the European Union. The Polish View. Speech. February 20 2003 // http://www.msz.gov.pl/20,lutego,2003r.,-,The,Eastern,Dimension,of,the,European,Union.,The,Polish,View.,Speech,by,Wlodzimierz,Cimoszewicz,Polish,Minister,of,Foreign,Affairs,at,the,Conference,The,EU,Enlargement,and,Neighbourhood,Policy,Warsaw,20,February,2003,1305.html

  • Council of the European Union. Joint Declaration of the Prague Eastern partnership Summit. 7 May 2009. 8435/09 (Presse78) // http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/er/107589.pdf

  • Daniliauskas Jonas. "Europos Kaimynystės politika: Lietuvos galimybės." In: Europos Sąjungos plėtra ir Rytų politika 2003-2004. Vilnius: Europos integracijos studijų centras 2005.

  • Dannreuther Roland. "The European Security Strategy's Regional Objective: The Neighbourhood Policy." 62-80. In: Sven Biscop and Jan J.Anderson eds. The EU and the European Security Strategy. London and New York: Francis& Taylor 2007.

  • Eastern Partnership - Civil Society Forum // http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/eastern/civil_society/index_en.htm

  • Elgstrom Ole. "The Honest Broker? The Council Presidency as a Mediator." 38-54. In: Ole Elgstrom ed. European Union Council Presidencies: a Comparative Perspective. London and New York: Routledge 2003.

  • Elsuwege Peter Van. "The Four Common Spaces: New Impetus to the EU-Russia Strategic Partnership?" 334-360. In: Alan Dashwood and Marc Maresceau eds. Law and Practice of EU External Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press 2008.

  • European Commission. Barcelona process: Union for Mediterranean. COM (2008) 319 Final Brussels 20/05/2008.

  • European Commission. Black Sea Synergy - a New Regional Initiative. COM (2007) 160 final. Brussels 11.04.2007 // http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/com07_160_en.pdf

  • European Commission. Commission Staff Working Document on Eastern Partnership. SEC (2008) 2974/3 // http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/eastern/docs/sec08_2974_en.pdf

  • European Commission. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament Wider Europe: A new framework for relations with our Eastern and Southern Neighbours. COM(2003) 104 FINAL Brussels 11/03/2003:4 // http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/com03_104_en.pdf

  • European Commission. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council. Eastern Partnership. COM/2008/0823 final // http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52008DC0823:EN:NOT

  • European Commission. Communication from the Commission. A Strong European Neighbourhood Policy. COM (2007) 774 final. Brussels 05.12.2007 // http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/com07_774_en.pdf

  • European Commission. Implementation of the European Neighbourhood policy in 2007. COM (2008) final 164 Brussels 03/04/2008: 2.

  • European Commission. Report on the First Year of Implementation of the Black Sea Synergy. COM (2008) 391 final. Brussels 19.6.2008 // http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/blacksea/doc/com08_391_en.pdf

  • European Commission. Report on the First Year of Implementation of the Black Sea Synergy. COM (2008) 391 final. Brussels 19.6.2008 // http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/blacksea/doc/com08_391_en.pdf

  • European Security Strategy. A Secure Europe in a Better World. Brussels December 12 2003 // http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/justice_freedom_security/fight_against_terrorism/r00004_en.htm

  • Gowan Richard. "The European Security Strategy's Global Objective: Effective Multilateralism." 42-62. In: Sven Biscop and Jan J. Anderson eds. The EU and the European Security Strategy. London and New York: Routledge 2008.

  • Gromadzki Grzegorz Raimundas Lopata and Kristi Raik. "Friends or Family? Finnish Lithuanian and Polish Perspectives on the EU's Policy towards Ukraine Belarus and Moldova." FIIA Report 12/2005. The Finnish Institute of International Affairs 2005.

  • Herd Graeme P. "The Baltic States and EU Enlargement." 247-263. In: Karen Henderson ed. Back to Europe: Central and Eastern Europe and the European Union. London and Philadelphia: UCL Press 1999; Taylor & Francis 2005.

  • Hillion Christophe. "The EU's Neighbourhood Policy towards Eastern Europe." 309-334. In: Alan Dashwood and Marc Maresceau eds. Law and Practice of EU External Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press 2008.

  • Jakobsen Uffe. "Preface." 5-13. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Joenniemi Pertti. "Concluding Remarks: the Big Picture and the Small." 133-143. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Kasčiūnas Laurynas. "Europos Sąjungos plėtros politikos kaita: "Trečiojo kelio" paieškos." Politologija 4/52 (2008): 4-31.

  • Kruglashov Anatoliy. "Regional Cooperation of Ukraine Belarus Poland and Lithuania: New Dimensions and Opportunities." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 21 (2008): 182-191 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2008-21/Krugrashov_ENG.pdf (accessed June 10 2009). http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2008-21/Krugrashov_ENG.pdf

  • Lithuanian Conservators Party. Russia Containment Strategy. 09 05 2007 // http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:yoE8Gr7LuRwJ:www.tsajunga.lt/uploads/files/dir20/dir1/13_0.php+Kubilius+Rusijos+sulaikymo+strategija&cd=1&hl=lt&ct=clnk&gl=lt

  • Lopata Raimundas and Nortautas Statkus. "Empires the World Order and Small States." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 1-2 (2005): 16-51 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2005-15%2016/Pilnas.pdf (accessed April 10 2009). http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2005-15%2016/Pilnas.pdf

  • Makarychev Andrey S. "Where the North Meets the East: Europe's ‘Dimensionalism’ and Poland's 'Marginality Strategy'." Cooperation and Conflict 39 (2004): 299-315.

  • Miknevičius Lukas. "D. Grybauskaitė su žemėmis maišė Lietuvos užsienio politiką" // http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=960:-dgrybauskait-su-emmis-mai-lietuvos-usienio-politik&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95

  • Miniotaitė Gražina. "Europos Normatyvinė galia ir Lietuvos užsienio politika." Politologija 43 (2006): 3-19.

  • Miniotaite Grazina. "Lithuania's Evolving Security and Defence Policy: 'not only Consumer but also Contributor'." 155-174. In: Clive Archer ed. New Security Issues in Northern Europe. London and New York: Routledge 2008.

  • Miniotaitė Gražina. "Tapatybės paieškos šiuolaikinėje Lietuvos užsienio politikoje: tarp Šiaurės ir Rytų dimensijų." Lietuvos metinė strateginė apžvalga 2004 (2005): 83-99 // http://vddb.library.lt/fedora/get/LT-eLABa-0001:J.02~2003~ISSN_1648-8016/DS.013.0.01.ESSPG (accessed 03 May 2009). http://vddb.library.lt/fedora/get/LT-eLABa-0001:J.02~2003~ISSN_1648-8016/DS.013.0.01.ESSPG

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic Lithuania // http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1192074174

  • Nekrašas Evaldas. "Lithuanian Foreign Policy: Concepts Achievements and Predicaments." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 13/14 (2004): 28-35 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2004-13%2014/Nekrasas.pdf (accessed May 03 2009). http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2004-13%2014/Nekrasas.pdf

  • "Pasaulyje dabar yra du Prezidentai iš Čikagos" // http://www.lrytas.lt/videonews/?id=12324636741231732028&sk=1

  • Paulauskas Artūras Acting President of Lithuania. "Lithuania's New Foreign Policy." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 13+14 (2004): 7-16 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2004-13%2014/Paulauskas.pdf (accessed March 13 2009).

  • Pavilionis Žygimantas. "Lithuanian Position Regarding the EU Mandate on Negotiations with Russia: Seeking a New Quality of EU-Russia Relations." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 21 (2008): 174-181 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2008-21/Pavilionis_ENG.pdf (accessed May 03 2009). http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2008-21/Pavilionis_ENG.pdf

  • Regulation (EC) of the European Parliament and of the Council Laying Down General Provisions Establishing a European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument. No 1628/2006 24/10/2006 // http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/oj_l310_en.pdf

  • Rommens Thijs and Robin Thiers. "Strengthening the ENP through Regional Civil Society Cooperation." CEU Political Science Journal 1 (2009): 26-47.

  • Speech of Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner in Poland parliament 28/11/2008 // http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/08/672

  • Tasinari Fabrizio. "Security and Integration in the EU Neighbourhood. The Case for Regionalism." CEPS Working Document No.226 (2005).

  • Tassinari Fabrizio. "Introduction." 13-21. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Tassinari Fabrizio. "Mare Europaeum: Baltic Sea Region Security and Cooperation from Post-Wall to Post-Enlargement Europe." Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen 2004 // http://www.publications.fabriziotassinari.net/downloads/Chapter_Seven.pdf (accessed April 18 2009). http://www.publications.fabriziotassinari.net/downloads/Chapter_Seven.pdf

  • The Black Sea Forum // http://www.blackseaforum.org/seminar_10_11july2007.html

  • The Black Sea Forum // http://www.blackseaforum.org/seminar_june2007.html

  • The Black Sea Forum. International Conference "Synergies between Northern Europe and Black Sea Cooperation." April 27 2007. Bucharest // http://www.blackseaforum.org/Docs/2007.04.27_Report.pdf

  • Tin U Nyunr. "Building of All-Round Development in the Region: Cooperation and Integration." South Asian Survey 13/2 (2006): 303-312.

  • Tromer Elzbieta. "Russia's Role in the Baltic Approaches to National Security and the European Security and Defence Policy". 89-101. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Uvalic Milica. "Regional Cooperation and the Enlargement of the European Union: Lessons Learned?" International Political Science Review 23/3 (2002): 319-333.

  • Vahl Marius. "Models for the European Neighbourhood Policy: the European Economic Area and the Northern Dimension." 49-69. In: Fabrizio Tassinari Pertti Joenniemi and Uffe Jacobsen eds. Wider Europe. Nordic and Baltic Lessons to Post-Enlargement Europe. Copenhagen: DIIS-Danish Institute for International Studies 2006.

  • Valionis Antanas Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania. "Lithuania a Meeting Place of Europe." Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review 13+14 (2004): 21-27 // http://www.lfpr.lt/uploads/File/2004-13%2014/Valionis.pdf (accessed March 13 2009).

  • Vilpišauskas Ramūnas. Baltijos šalys ir Europos Sąjunga. Vilnius: Arlila 2001.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.138
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.281

Target audience: researchers and scholars in the fields of law and politics, with an acute interest in the cross-pollinations of disciplines, comparative approaches to regional issues, and active dialogue on pressing contemporary issues of theoretical and practical import.
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 118 69 6
PDF Downloads 72 52 3