The European Union Digital Single Market—Challenges and Impact for the EU Neighbourhood States

Open access

Abstract

The digital single market is one of the most important objectives and challenges for the European Union. However, given that digitalisation implies a borderless world it requires a different form of governance and has distinctive features from other aspects of the single market. In addition, it raises a number of practical and political issues for countries outside the EU, but which maintain close economic and trade relations with the latter. The article examines the regulatory implications of the digital world from the point of view of states involved in the European Neighbourhood Policy, in particular Georgia, and looks into the future challenges in this process.

Caliskan, E. & Peterson, R. (2013), ‘Technical defence methods, tools, techniques and effects,’ in K. Ziolkowski (ed.) Peacetime Regime for State Activities in Cyberspace, Tallinn: NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, pp. 61–101.

CEN (2018), ‘Supporting Public Policies and Legislation: New Approach and other Directives,’ CEN, European Committee for Standardization. Retrieved from https://www.cen.eu/work/supportLegislation/Directives/Pages/default.aspx [accessed 19 Jul 2018]

Commission Staff Working Document SWD(2013) 329 final: Impact Assessment, Accompanying the document Commission Recommendation on consistent non-discrimination obligations and costing methodologies to promote competition and enhance the broadband investment environment, 11.9.2013.

Communication COM(2017) 228 final from the Commission to the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the Mid-Term Review on the implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy “A Connected Digital Single Market for All”, 10.5.2017.

Communication COM(2003) 104 final from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament “Wider Europe — Neighbourhood: A New Framework for Relations with our Eastern and Southern Neighbours”, 11.3.2003.

Communication COM(1999) 539 from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, “Towards a new framework for Electronic Communications infrastructure and associated services”, The 1999 Communications Review, 10.11.1999.

Communication COM(2015) 192 final from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions “A Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe”, 6.5.2015.

DEA (2018), ‘Georgian reforms in e-Governance have been presented as an example of success at the international conference,’ Data Exchange Agency, 5 April. Retrieved from http://www.dea.gov.ge/?action=news&news_id=131&lang=eng [accessed 19 Jul 2018]

Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market (‘Directive on electronic commerce’), OJ L 178, 17.7.2000.

Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union, OJ L 194, 19.7.2016.

Duvivier, K. K. (2013), ‘E-Legislating,’ Oregon Law Review, vol. 92, no. 9. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2230124.

Dutt, P. & Kerikmäe, T. (2014), ‘Concepts and Problems Associated with eDemocracy,’ in T. Kerikmäe (ed.) Regulating eTechnologies in the European Union, Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 285–324.

EPRS (2014), The Cost of Non-Europe in the Single Market: Study, Brussels: European Parliament Research Service, PE510.981. https://doi.org10.2861/57536

EU (2017), ‘Summary of the Estonian Presidency of the Council of the European Union,’ Eu2017.ee. Retrieved from https://www.eu2017.ee/node/5392.html [accessed 19 Jul 2018]

EU Neighbours (2017), ‘The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), EU: A major donor.’ Retrieved from https://www.euneighbours.eu/en/policy/european-neighbourhood-instrument-eni#donor [accessed Oct 2018]

European Commission (2015), EU-Georgia Trade Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) Factsheet: Reforms that benefit people and business. Retrieved from http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2015/may/tradoc_153435.pdf [accessed Oct 2018]

European Commission (2017), ‘Digital Single Market Strategy: – mid-term review.’ Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/content/news/digital_market.html [accessed 19 Jul 2018]

Foo, Y. C. (2018), ‘Europe hits Google with record $5 billion antitrust fine, appeal ahead,’ Reuters Business News, 18 July. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-google-antitrust/europe-hits-google-with-record-5-billion-antitrust-fine-appeal-ahead-idUSKBN1K80U8 [accessed 19 Jul 2018]

Geiss, R. & Lahmann, H. (2013), ‘Freedom and security in cyberspace: The focus away from military responses toward non-forcible countermeasures and collective threat-prevention,’ in K. Ziolkowski (ed.) Peacetime Regime for State Activities in Cyberspace, Tallinn: NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, pp. 621–658.

Grabbe, H. (2006), The EU’s Transformative Power: Europeanization through Conditionality in Central and Eastern Europe, London: Palgrave MacMillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230510302

Horvathy, B. (2017), ‘Value promotion and Europeanisation by EU trade agreements,’ Bratislava Law Review, vol. 1/2017, pp. 84–94.

Juncker, J.-C. (2014), A New Start for Europe: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change, Political Guidelines for the next European Commission, Opening Statement in the European Parliament Plenary Session, 15 July. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/juncker-political-guidelines-speech_en.pdf [accessed 19 Jul 2018]

Kamecke, U. & Körber, T. (2008), ‘Technological neutrality in the EC regulatory framework for electronic communications: a good principle widely misunderstood,’ European Competition Law Review Issue, no. 5, pp. 330–337.

Mandelkern, D. et al. (2001), Mandelkern Group on Better Regulation: Final Report, Brussels, 13.11.2001.

Morgan, B. & Yeung, K. (2007), An Introduction to Law and Regulation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511801112

Nyman Metcalf, K. (2014), ‘E-Governance in law and by law: the legal framework of e-governance,’ in T. Kerikmäe (ed.) Regulating eTechnologies in the European Union, Cham: Springer International Verlag, pp. 37–51.

Nyman Metcalf, K. (2018, forthcoming), ‘The role of research for secure digitalisation,’ in Law and Informatics Nordic Yearbook.

Nyman Metcalf, K. & Täks, E. (2013), ‘Simplifying the law – can ICT help us?’ International Journal of Law and Information Technology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 239–268. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlit/eat003

Patalakh, A. (2017), ‘EU soft power in the Eastern Neighbourhood and the Western Balkans in the context of crises,’ Baltic Journal of European Studies, vol. 7, no. 2 (23), pp. 148–167. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjes-2017-0014

Regulation (EU) 910/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market and repealing Directive 1999/93/EC, OJ, L 257/73, 28.8.2014.

Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), OJ L 119, 4.5.2016.

Regulation (EU) 2018/302 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 February 2018 on addressing unjustified geo-blocking and other forms of discrimination based on customers’ nationality, place of residence or place of establishment within the internal market and amending Regulations (EC) No 2006/2004 and (EU) 2017/2394 and Directive 2009/22/EC, OJ L 60I, 2.3.2018.

Regulation (EU) 2018/644 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 April 2018 on cross-border parcel delivery services, OJ L 112, 2.5.2018.

Täks, E.; Rull, A.; Säär, A. & Schafer, B. (2014), Report on a Computer Assisted Copyright Reform Observatory CREATe Working Paper, 2014/11. Retrieved from https://zenodo.org/record/12431/files/CREATe-Working-Paper-2014-11.pdf [accessed 19 Jul 2018]. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12431

Todorov, J. C. (2006), ‘The metacontingency as a conceptual tool,’ Behavior and Social Issues, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 92–94. https://doi.org/10.5210/bsi.v15i1.347

Yampolskiy, R. V. (2012), ‘AI-complete CAPTCHAs as zero knowledge proofs of access to an artificially intelligent system,’ ISRN Artificial Intelligence, vol. 2012. http://doi.org/10.5402/2012/271878

Baltic Journal of European Studies

Tallinn Law School, Department of Law, School of Business and Governance, Tallinn University of Technology

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.199
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.223

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 31 31 31
PDF Downloads 28 28 28