Bicameralism: European Tendencies and Perspectives for Ukraine

Open access

Abstract

The authors of the article continue the scientific discourse on the role and significance of bicameralism for building a modern democratic legal state. The main arguments of supporters and opponents of bicameralism have been analysed, given the complicated development of Ukrainian institutional framework and discussions over the European Committee of Regions evolution. The authors of the article attempt to supplement the list of arguments that exist in modern legal literature in favor of Ukraine’s transition to bicameralism. The challenges of European integration for Ukrainian parliament as a unitary actor have been highlighted. The authors substantiate the thesis that the formation of the second (upper) chamber does not threaten the Ukrainian unitarianism, but will contribute to further diversification of state power and at the same time increase the stability of the government in terms of a consensual, pluralistic democracy and semi-presidential government.

Aroney, N. (2008), ‘Four reasons for an upper house. Representative democracy, public deliberation, legislative outputs and executive accountability,’ Adelaide Law Review, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 205-246.

Avtonomov, A. S. (2013), ‘Istoki i smysl dvukhpalatnosti parlamentov [The origins and meaning of bicameral parliaments],’ Vìsnik Mariupol′s′kogo derzhavnogo universitetu, vol. 5, pp. 35-42.

Bean, C. S. & Wattenberg, M. P. (1998), ‘Attitudes towards divided government and ticket-splitting in Australia and the United States,’ Australian Journal of Political Science, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 25-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/10361149850705

Bentham, J. (1816), Tactiques de assemblée legislatives, suivi d’un traité des sophismes politiques, 2nd vol., translated by Dumont, Geneva & Paris: J. J. Paschaud.

Bordenyuk, V. I. (2011), ‘Deiaki pytannia stvorennia dvopalatnoho parlamentuv Ukrayini u konteksti zarubizhnoho dosvidu [Some issues of creating a bicameral parliament in Ukraine in the context of foreign experience],’ Derzhava i Pravo, vol. 51, pp. 201-208.

Bradbury, J. Ch. & Crain, W. M. (2001), ‘Legislative organization and government spending: cross-country evidence,’ Journal of Public Economics, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 309-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0047-2727(00)00150-X

Bradbury, J. Ch. & Crain, W. M. (2002), ‘Bicameral legislatures and fiscal policy,’ Southern Economic Journal, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 646-659. https://doi.org/10.2307/1061723

Brennan, G. & Hamlin, A. (1992), ‘Bicameralism and majoritarian equilibrium,’ Public Choice, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 169-179. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00140765

Coakley, J. (2014), ‘The strange revival of bicameralism’, Journal of Legislative Studies, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 542-572. https://doi.org/10.1080/13572334.2014.926168

Coakley, J. & Laver, M. (1996), ‘Options for the Future of Seanad Éireann,’ in The All-Party Oireachtas Committee on the Constitution, Second Progress Report, pp. 32-107. Retrieved from https://www.constitution.ie/Documents/Oireachtas%202nd-Report-Seanad%201997.pdf [accessed 9 Dec 2017] https://doi.org/10.1080/13572334.2014.926168

Congleton, R. D. (2003), ‘On the merits of bicameral legislatures: policy predictability within partisan polities,’ Jahrbuch für Neue Politische Ökonomie, vol. 22, pp. 29-49.

Constitution of Ukraine (1996), Konstytutsiya Ukrayiny, Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny, 1996, 30, 141.

Constitutional Assembly of Ukraine (2013), Pro proekt Kontseptsiyi vnesennia zmin do Konstytutsiyi Ukrayiny [On the concept of amending the Constitution of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http://jurliga.ligazakon.ua/news/2013/6/20/93050.htm [accessed 9 Dec 2017]

Dhami, S. & al-Nowaihi, A. (2007), ‘Optimal distribution of powers in a federation: a simple, unified framework,’ Bulletin of Economic Research, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 197-229. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0307-3378.2007.00257.x

Drexhage, B. (2015), Bicameral Legislatures: An International Comparison, The Hague: Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Directorate of Constitutional Affairs and Legislation.

Druckman, J. N. & Thies, M. F. (2002), ‘The importance of concurrence: the impact of bicameralism on government formation and duration,’ American Journal of Political Science, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 760-771. https://doi.org/10.2307/3088432

Esmein, A. (1896), Éléments de droit constitutionnel, Paris: Librarie Larose.

Fisun O. A., ed. (2008), Dvopalatnyi parlament: svitovyi dosvid ta ukrayins′ki realiyi [Bicameral parliament: world experience and Ukrainian realities], Kharkiv: Zoloti Storinky.

Forum of the World’s Senates (2000), Bicameralism around the World: Position and Prospects. Retrieved from http://www.senat.fr/senatsdumonde/forumdessenats/senats_secondeschambresmonde/english/english-synthese.html#fn1 [accessed 9 Dec 2017]

Ganghof, S. (2014), ‘Bicameralism as a form of government (or: why Australia and Japan do not have a parliamentary system),’ Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 647-665. https://doi.org/10.1093/pa/gss081

Gélard, P. (2006), ‘Parliamentary complexity or democratic necessity?’ Council of Europe, European Commission for Democracy Through Law (Venice Commission) Report, 11.08.2006. Retrieved from http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/default.aspx?pdffile=CDL(2006)059-e [accessed 9 Dec 2017]

Goot, M. (1999), ‘Whose mandate? Policy promises, strong bicameralism and polled opinion,’ Australian Journal of Political Science, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 327-352. https://doi.org/10.1080/10361149950263

Hammond, T. H. & Miller, G. J. (1987), ‘The core of the Constitution,’ American Political Science Review, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 1155-1174. https://doi.org/10.2307/1962583

Heller, W. B. (1997), ‘Bicameralism and budget deficits: the effect of parliamentary structure on government spending,’ Legislative Studies Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 485-516. https://doi.org/10.2307/440340

Heller, W. B. (2001), ‘Political denials: the policy effect of intercameral partisan differences in bicameral parliamentary systems,’ Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 34-61. https://doi.org/10.1093/jleo/17.1.34

Herman, V. & Mendel, F. (1976), Parliaments of the World: A Reference Compendium, London: Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111691053

Hickey, R. (2013), ‘Bicameral bargaining and federation formation,’ Public Choice, vol. 154, nos. 3-4, pp. 217-241. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-011-9815-x

Holovaty S. P., ed. (1997), Konstytutsiia nezalezhnoyi Ukrayiny [The Constitution of the independent Ukraine], vol. 1, Kyiv: Ukrainian Legal Foundation.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (1962), Parliaments: A Comparative Study on the Structure and Functioning of Representative Institutions in Forty-One Countries, London: Cassell.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (1986), Parliaments of the World: A Comparative Reference Compendium, vol. 2, New York: Facts on File Publications.

Joyal, S. (2003), Protecting Canadian Democracy: The Senate You Never Knew, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Kerikmäe, T. (2016), ‘Estonia as an EU Member State: Lack of pro-active constitutional dialogue,’ in A. H. Morawa (ed.) Constitutional Evolution in Central and Eastern Europe: Expansion and Integration in the EU, Routledge, pp. 11-41.

Kerikmäe, T. & Chochia, A., eds. (2016), Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy, Cham, Heidelberg & New York: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27383-9

Lijphart, A. (1984), Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty-One Countries, New Haven: Yale University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1ww3w2t

Lijphart, A. (1999), Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Luther, J.; Passaglia, P. & Tarchi, R. (2006), A World of Second Chambers. Handbook for Constitutional Studies on Bicameralism, Milan: Giuffre.

Manning, H. & Loomis, B. A. A. (2014), ‘Bicameralism, Representation and Governance: An Australian-American Comparison,’ Paper presented at Australian Political Studies Association Conference University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 28 September - 1 October 2014. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2500730

Massicotte, L. (2001), ‘Legislative unicameralism: a global survey and a few case studies,’ Journal of Legislative Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 151-170. https://doi.org/10.1080/714003865

Mastlas, J. & Grange, L., eds. (1987), Les secondes chambres du parlement en Europe occidentale, Paris: Economica.

Mughan, A. & Patterson, S. Ch. (1999), ‘Senates: A Comparative Perspective,’ in S. Ch. Patterson & A. Mughan (eds.) Senates: Bicameralism in the Contemporary World, Columbus: The Ohio State University Press.

One Text Initiative Research & Development (2011), An Introduction to Bicameral Legislature: Theory and Practice. Retrieved from http://www.onetext.org/wpcontent/uploads/2013/03/02_May-2011.pdf [accessed 9 Dec 2017]

Prelot, M. (1955), Precis de droit constitutionnel, 3rd ed., Paris: Librarie Dalloz.

Riker, W. H. (1992), ‘The justification of bicameralism,’ International Political Science Review, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 101-116. https://doi.org/10.1177/019251219201300107

Russell, M. (2000), Reforming the House of Lords: Lessons from Overseas, Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298311.001.0001

Russell, M. (2001), ‘What are second chambers for?’ Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 54, pp. 442-458. https://doi.org/10.1093/parlij/54.3.442

Schmitt, P. (2014), ‘Comparative Overview of Consultative Practices within the Second Chambers of EU National Legislatures,’ European Committee of the Regions. Retrieved from http://cor.europa.eu/en/documentation/studies/Documents/comparative-overview-of-consultative-practices-within-the-second-chambers-ofeu-national-legislatures.pdf [accessed 9 Dec 2017]

Senates and Representation of Local Authorities (2001), [Home page]. Retrieved from http://www.senateurope.org/eng/06062001.html [accessed 9 Dec 2017]

Slovska, I. Ye. (2013), Konstytutsiyno-pravovyi status parlamentu - Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny [Constitutional and legal status of parliament], Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter.

Smith, D. E. (2003), The Canadian Senate in Bicameral Perspective, Toronto: University of Toronto Press. https://doi.org/10.3138/9781442680609

Svyatotsky, A. & Chushenko, B. (1998), ‘Pytannia teoriyi i praktyky konstytutsionalizmu v Ukrayini’ [Problems in the theory and practice of constitutionalism in Ukraine], Pravo Ukrayiny, vol. 2, pp. 17-20.

Tsebelis, G. & Money, J. (1997), Bicameralism, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Tsebelis, G. & Rash, B. E. (1995), ‘Patterns of bicameralism,’ in H. Döring (ed.) Parliaments in Western Europe: Majority Rule and Minority Rights, New York: St. Martin Press, pp. 365-390.

Tsybulenko, E. & Pakhomenko, S. (2016), ‘The Ukrainian crisis as a challenge for the Eastern Partnership,’ in T. Kerikmäe & A. Chochia (eds.) Political and Legal erspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy, Cham: Springer, pp. 167-180. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27383-9_11

Uhr, J. (1999), ‘Generating divided government: the Australian Senate,’ in S. Ch. Patterson & A. Mughan (eds.) Senates: Bicameralism in the Contemporary World, Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, pp. 93-119.

Waldron, J. (2012), ‘Bicameralism’: Public Law & Legal Theory Research Paper Series, Working Paper 12-19, New York: New York University School of Law.

Warwick, P. (1992), ‘Ideological diversity and governmental survival in Western European parliamentary democracies,’ Comparative Political Studies, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 332-361. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414092025003003

Warwick, P. (1994), Government Survival in Parliamentary Democracies, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Wasowicz, М. (1992), ‘Les changements des attributions de la chambre haute des parlements en Europe au XIXe siècle et au début du XXe siècle,’ in H. Blom, W. Blockmans & H. de Schepper (eds.) Bicameralisme, Tweekamerstelsel vroeger en nu - Handelingen van de Internationale Conferentie ter gelegenheid van het 175-jarig bestaan van de Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal in de Nederlanden, Den Haag, pp. 131-138.

Zhuravskiy, V. (2001), Ukrayins′kyi parlamentaryzm na suchasnomu etapi. Teoretykopravovyi aspect [Ukrainian parliamentarism on the modern stage. Theoretical and legal aspects], Kyiv: Instytut derzhavy i prava im. V. M. Korets′koho NAN Ukrayiny.

Baltic Journal of European Studies

Tallinn Law School, Department of Law, School of Business and Governance, TalTech University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.119
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.113

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 142 142 22
PDF Downloads 79 79 13