Finnish Highly Skilled Migrants and the European Economic Crisis

Open access

Abstract

Europe is home to a globally unique area where the barriers of transnational migration have been largely removed. This article focuses on Finnish highly skilled, intra-European migrants and their labour market situation immediately following the economic crisis of 2008. Based on two consecutive online surveys (carried out in spring 2008 and summer 2010) of tertiary educated Finns living in other EU countries, the article examines the effects of the global economic downturn on the careers of these highly skilled migrants. Only 16 per cent of the respondents report that their labour market situation had worsened. A higher percentage (24%) felt that their situation had improved and the majority (54%) had either experienced no change in their situation or stated that their reasons for changing jobs or moving had nothing to do with the crisis. The article concludes that these migrants were protected from the full force of the crisis by their high human capital, flexibility of alternating between studying and work, employment in international workplaces and their intra-European migrant status.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anniste K.; Tammaru T.; Pungas E. & Paas T. (2012) ‘Dynamics of educational differences in emigration from Estonia to the Old EU Member States’ Trames. Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences vol. 16 no. 3 pp. 219–235. https://doi.org/10.3176/tr.2012.3.02

  • Beaverstock J. V. & Hall S. (2012) ‘Competing for talent: global mobility immigration and the City of London’s labour market’ Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society vol. 5 no. 2 pp. 271–288. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rss005

  • Billiet J.; Meuleman B. & De Witte H. (2014) ‘The relationship between ethnic threat and economic insecurity in times of economic crisis: Analysis of European Social Survey data’ Migration Studies vol. 2 no. 2 pp. 135–161. https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnu023

  • Braun M. & Arsene C. (2009) ‘The demographics of movers and stayers in the European Union’ in E. Recchi & A. Favell (eds.) Pioneers of European Integration. Citizenship and Mobility in the EU Cheltenham: Edward Elgar pp. 26–51. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781849802314.00007

  • European Commission (2010) Labour Market and Wage Developments in 2009 European Economy 5/2010 European Commission Economic and Financial Affairs Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union.

  • Fassmann H. & Lane D. (2009) ‘Migration and mobility in Europe: an introduction’ in H. Fassmann M. Haller & D. Lane (eds.) Migration and Mobility in Europe. Trends Patterns and Control Cheltenham: Edward Elgar pp. 1–11. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781849802017.00006

  • Favell A. (2008a) Eurostars and Eurocities: Free Movement and Mobility in an Integrating Europe Blackwell: Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470712818

  • Favell A. (2008b) ‘The new face of east-west migration in Europe’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies vol. 34 no. 5 pp. 701–716. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691830802105947

  • Fligstein N. (2008) Euroclash: The EU European Identity and the Future of Europe Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Focus Migration (2013) Does the Crisis Make People Move? EU Internal Migration and Economic Disparities in Europe Policy Brief no. 20 February 2013 Osnabrück: Institute for Migration Research and Intercultural Studies IMIS University of Osnabrück.

  • Galgóczi B.; Leschke J. & Watt A. (2012) ‘EU labour migration and labour markets in troubled times’ in B. Galgóczi J. Leschke & A. Watt (eds.) EU Labour Migration in Troubled Times: Skills Mismatch Return and Policy Responses Aldershot Avebury: Ashgate pp. 1–46.

  • Glorious B.; Grabowska-Lusinska I. & Kuvik A. eds. (2013) Mobility in Transition: Migration Patterns after EU Enlargement Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

  • Hemerijck A.; Knapen B. & van Doorne E. eds. (2010) Aftershocks: Economic Crisis and Institutional Choice Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

  • Junevičius A. & Daugėlienė R. (2016) ‘Restrictions on European Union citizens’ freedom of movement and residence in the country on grounds of public policy public security and public health’ Baltic Journal of European Studies vol. 6 no. 1 pp. 48–68. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjes-2016-0003

  • Khattab N. & Fox J. (2016) ‘East-European immigrants responding to the recession in Britain: is there a trade-off between unemployment and over-qualification?’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies vol. 42 no. 11 pp. 1774–1789. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2016.1166040

  • Koikkalainen S. (2013) Making it Abroad. Experiences of Highly Skilled Finns in the European Union Labour Markets Acta Universitas Lapponiensis 267 Rovaniemi: Lapland University Press.

  • Krisjane Z.; Berzins M. & Apsite E. (2013) ‘Post-accession migration from the Baltic States. The case of Latvia’ in B. Glorious I. Grabowska-Lusinska & A. Kuvik (eds.) Mobility in Transition: Migration Patterns after EU Enlargement Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press pp. 85–109.

  • McKay S. (2009) ‘The dimensions and effects of EU labour migration in the UK’ in B. Galgóczi J. Leschke & A. Watt (eds.) EU Labour Migration since Enlargement: Trends Impacts and Policies Farnham: Ashgate pp. 29–49.

  • Mulholland J. & Ryan L. (2013) ‘Doing the business: variegation opportunity and intercultural experience among intra-EU highly-skilled migrants’ International Migration vol. 52 no. 3 pp. 55–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12120

  • Orrenius P. M. & Zavodny M. (2009) Tied to the Business Cycle: How Immigrants Fare in Good and Bad Economic Times Washington D.C.: Migration Policy Institute.

  • Recchi E. (2008) ‘Cross-state mobility in the EU. Trends puzzles and consequences’ European Societies vol. 10 no. 2 pp. 197–224. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616690701835287

  • Recchi E. & Favell A. eds. (2009) Pioneers of European Integration. Citizenship and Mobility in the EU Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

  • Recchi E. & Triandafyllidou A. (2010) ‘Crossing over heading West and South: mobility citizenship and employment in the enlarged Europe’ in G. Menz & A. Caviedes (eds.) Labour Migration in Europe London: Palgrave Macmillan pp. 125–148.

  • Report COM (2011) 729 final from the Commission to the Council on the Functioning of the Transitional Arrangements on Free Movement of Workers from Bulgaria and Romania Brussels 11.11.2011.

  • Ryan L. & Mulholland J. (2014) ‘Trading places: French highly skilled migrants negotiating mobility and emplacement in London’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies vol. 40 no. 4 pp. 584–600. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2013.787514

  • Statistics Finland (2017) Population: migration Statistics Finland PX-Web database based on the Official Statistics of Finland http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/

  • Tilly C. (2011) ‘The impact of the economic crisis on international migration: a review’ Work Employment Society vol. 25 no. 4 pp. 675–692. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017011421799

  • Zaiceva A. & Zimmermann K. F. (2012) Returning Home at Times of Trouble: Return Migration of EU Enlargement Migrants during the Crisis IZA Discussion Paper no. 7111 Bonn: IZA.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.65

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.215
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.776

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 302 171 1
PDF Downloads 113 81 2