Export Promotion Aims and Reality: A Comparison of the Iberian, Baltic and Central European Region

Andrea Éltető 1  and Katalin Antalóczy 2
  • 1 Institute of World Economics, CERS, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Budaörsi u. 45, , Budapest , Hungary
  • 2 Faculty of International Management and Business, Budapest Business School Diósy L. u. 22–24, , Budapest , Hungary


As a consequence of the international crisis in 2008-2009, the role of exports in economic growth came into focus in most countries. Exports of EU Member States gained momentum from 2010 onward but with certain changes in their structure and direction. In several countries, the turn towards non-EU areas, such as China or Latin America was part of the state export strategy. On the one hand, our article describes these foreign trade strategies and their institutional framework of the Iberian, Baltic and Central European governments, detecting possible similarities. On the other hand, we analyse recent export data. This way we can get a picture on the structure and direction of exports of periphery economies and this can be compared to the aims of the given states. Our hypothesis is that there is a gap between the reality and the intentions of the governments. The size of this gap varies and is influenced by certain factors such as the different involvement of multinational companies in foreign trade or the different economic structure of these countries. In our paper we list which countries adopted a government strategy and with what aim. We provide a short literature review on state trade promotion policies and discuss these policies and their institutions in the Baltic, Visegrád and Iberian countries.

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