Prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorder in Turkish University Students: a Questionnaire Study

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Summary

Background/Aim: Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) might influence any individual with different signs and symptoms irrespective of gender or age. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of TMD in Oral and Dental Health Program students of İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa.

Material and Methods: This study include a sample of 486 students with age ranging from18 to 24 years. The presence and severity of TMD was evaluated using the Fonseca’s Anamnestic Index (FAI) and its questionnaire. The data were analysed using SPSS Version 22. The chisquare test was used to compare the data from different groups and to determine whether the differences were statistically significant.

Results: The results showed that a total of 47,53% of students had some degree of TMD and females were generally more affected than males. These degrees were as follows: 33,95 % were classified as mild, 11,52 % moderate and 2,05 % severe signs and symptoms. The women exhibited some degree of TMD (51,8%) at a higher frequency than men (40,33%). No significant differences were observed between gender for a same TMD severity degree (p>0.05).

Conclusions: A high prevalence of mild TMD was found in this study population. In addition, tense personalities, headaches, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds were the most prevalent findings of TMD. The present study suggests that Fonseca’s Anamnestic Index (FAI) has been used in screening for TMD for prevention and management of TMD in a non-patient young population.

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