Evaluation of Surface Treatment Methods on the Bond Strength of Zirconia Ceramics Systems, Resin Cements and Tooth Surface

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Objectives: To compare the effects of airborne-particle abrasion (APA) and tribochemical silica coating (TSC) surface treatment methods on the shear bond strength of zirconia ceramics systems, resin cements and tooth surface

Materials and Methods: Prefabricated Cercon and ZirkonZahn specimens treated with Al2O3 APA and TSC (Cojet, 3M ESPE) were luted on a dentin surface with Panavia F 2.0 (Kuraray, Japan) and Multilink Automix (Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechstein). The specimens were immersed in distilled water (37°C) for 30 days and then loaded in a universal test machine with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Shear bond strength at failure was measured and recorded in N. The data were analysed by Mann-Whitney-U test (p<0.005) and by Chi-square test.

Results: It’s demonstrated that the surface treatment affected the bond strength of all specimens. The mean bond strength values of the 2 zirconia systems were nearly the same. Shear bond strength of Cercon specimens treated with Cojet System, luted with Panavia 2.0 (242, 77 ± 53, 17 N were found to be significantly higher (p=0.04) than the other specimens. Fractures were observed at the interface between the ceramic surface and the cements or within the cements.

Conclusion: There were no statically significant differences between zirconium systems (Cercon and Zirkonzahn). The specimens luted with Panavia F 2.0 showed higher shear bond strength values than the specimens luted with Multilink Automix. Panavia F 2.0 cement could be used with TSC, when the additive retention was needed.

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