The genus Triphora (Triphoreae, Orchidaceae) in Colombia

Dariusz L. Szlachetko 1 , Przemysław Baranow 1  and Joanna Mytnik-Ejsmont 1
  • 1 Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, Gdańsk University, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland


In Colombia, four species of Triphora (Orchidaceae) are recognized. Two species (Triphora galeanoi and T. vichadaensis) are newly described. As circumscribed here, the two new species occur exclusively in Colombia apart from T. foldatsii, being known from Colombia and Venezuela, and T. gentianoides, ranging from the USA (Florida) in the north to Colombia in the south. For the species treated, a taxonomic description, synonymy and information about distribution are provided. Additionally,for the two new species, illustrations of flower parts are provided. A key for the determination of the Colombian species of Triphora is included.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Carnevali F. G., Tapia-Muñoz J. L., Jiménez-Machorro R., Sánchez-Saldaña L., Ibarra-González L., Ramírez I. M. & Gómez M. P. 2001. Notes on the flora of the Yucatan Peninsula II : a synopsis of the orchid flora of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula and a tentative checklist of the Orchidaceae of the Yucatan Peninsula biotic province. Harvard Papers of Botany 5(2): 383-466.

  • Correll D. S. 1978. Native Orchids of North America North of Mexico. 399 pp. Stanford University Press, Stanford.

  • Dodson C. H. 1992. Checklist of the Orchids of the Western Hemisphere. Draft manuscript deposited in Missouri Botanical Garden Library.

  • Dressler R. L. 1981. The orchids: natural history and classification. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

  • Dressler R. L. 1993. Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Dioscorides Press, Portland, OR .

  • Dunsterville G. C. K. & Garay L. A. 1965. Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated, Vol. 3. London, Andre Deutsch Limited.

  • Ferreira A. W. C., Baptista D. H. & Pansarin E. R. 2010. Triphora uniflora (Orchidaceae: Triphorcae): a new species and the first record of the genus Triphora Nutt. for Sao Paulo state, Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 24(1): 288-291.

  • Garcia Castro J. B., Retana D. E. M. & Ross i M. E. R. 1993. Lista de orquídeas comunes a Costa Rica y Panama. Brenesia 39-40: 93-107.

  • Hokche O., Berry P. E. & Huber O. 2008. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela. 859 pp. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

  • Homoya M. A. 1993. Orchids of Indiana. 206 pp. Indiana Academy of Science, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.

  • Johnson A. E. 2001. Las orquídeas del Parque Nacional Iguazú. 282 pp. L.O.L.A. Buenos Aires.

  • Jørgensen P. M., Ulloa C. U., León B., León-Yánez S., Beck S. G., Nee M., Zarucchi J. L., Celis M., Bernal R. & Gradstein R. 2011. Regional Patterns of Vascular Plant Diversity and Endemism. In: S. K. Herzog, R. Martínez, P. M. Jørgensen & H. Tiessen (eds.). Climate Change and Biodiverstiy in the Tropical Andes, pp. 192-203. Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI) and Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE).

  • Jørgensen P. M. & León-Yánez S. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: 1-1181.

  • Martínez Salas E. M., Sousa Sánchez M. & Ramos Álvarez C. H. 2011. Región de Calakmul, Campeche. Listados Floríst. México 22: 1-55.

  • Pansarin E. R. & Amaral M. C. E. 2008. Pollen and nectar as a reward in the basal epidendroid Psilochilus modestus (Orchidaceae: Triphoreae): a study of floral morphology, reproductive biology and pollination strategy. Flora 203(6): 474-483.

  • Pridgeon A. M., Cribb P. J., Chase M. W. & Rasmussen F. N. 2005. Genera Orchidacearum, vol. 5, Epidendroideae, part 1, 608 pp. Oxford, Oxford University Press.


Journal + Issues