Cross-cultural adaptation of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ’07) for the population of Polish children

Open access


Study aim: The purpose of this article is to present the cultural adaptation of the DCDQ’07 (Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire) as one of the popular and most frequently-used diagnostic instruments for diagnosing DCD in school-age children.

Material and method: The procedure for translating and evaluating the selected psychometric parameters of the DCDQ has been conducted in compliance with the guidelines for the procedure [4]. The study involved 152 parents of school-age children; the control group included 32 children. Additionally, a group of 75 children was tested with the KTK test. To assess the test–retest reliability, the group of 50 parents was tested twice with the DCDQ at an interval of 14 days.

Results: The study proved that the DCDQ is an accurate and reliable instrument for screening DCD in Polish children. The high value of all of the analysed psychometric parameters is evidenced by the following: a sensitivity of 0.75, a specificity of 0.63 and a test-retest reliability of 0.93. Internal consistency is also satisfactory and amounts to 0.92. The study also determined that the score of the DCDQ depends on the gender of the tested child, and not on his/her age.

Conclusions: According to the research, DCDQ is a useful instrument that allows for the screening of DCD in school-age children. The Polish version of the questionnaire is definitely going to fill in the gap among diagnostic instruments and will allow for further development of research on the epidemiology of DCD.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. American Psychological Association. (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR. (fourth text revisioned.) Washington: DC.

  • 2. American Psychological Association. (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.) Arlington VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

  • 3. Blank R. Smits-Engelsman B. Polatajko H. Wilson P. (2012) European Academy of Childhood Disability (EACD): Recommendations on the definition diagnosis and intervention of developmental coordination disorder (long version) Dev. Med. Child Neurol. 54: 54-93.

  • 4. Beaton D. Bombardier C. Guillemin F. Feraz M.B. (2000) Guidelines for process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures. Spine 25: 3186–3191.

  • 5. Bruininks R.H. Bruininks B.D. (2005) Test of Motor Proficiency. 2nd edition. Manual.: AGS Publishing. Circle Pines.

  • 6. Cantell M.H. Smyth M.M. Ahonen T.P. (1994) Clumsiness in adolescence: Educational motor and social outcomes of motor delay detected at 5 years. Adapt. Phys. Activ. Q. 11: 115-129.

  • 7. Dewey D. Wilson B.N. (2001) Developmental coordination disorder: what is it? Phys. Occup. Ther. Pediatr. 20(2–3): 5-27.

  • 8. Dewey D. Kaplan B.J. Crawford S.G. Wilson B.N. (2002) Developmental coordination disorder: associated problems in attention learning and psychosocial adjustment. Hum. Mov. Sci. 21(5-6): 905-918.

  • 9. Geuze R.H. Schoemaker M.M. Smits-Engelsman B.C. (2015) Clinical and Research Criteria for Developmental Coordination Disorder-Should They Be One and the Same? Curr. Dev. Disord. Rep. 2(2): 127-130.

  • 10. Green D. Bishop T. Wilson B.N. Crawford S. Hooper R. Kaplan B.J. Baird J. (2005) Is question-based screening part of the solution to waiting lists for children with developmental coordination disorder? Br. J. Occup. Ther. 68(1): 2-10.

  • 11. Henderson S.E. Sugden D.A. (1992) Movement Assessment Battery for children. Sidcup. Therapy skill builders Kent-England.

  • 12. Kiphard E.J. Shilling F. (2007) Körperkoordinationtest für Kinder 2 überarbeitete und ergänzte Auflage. Beltz test Weinheim.

  • 13. Kirby A. Peters L. (2007) 100 Ideas for Supporting Pupils with Dyspraxia and Dcd. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.

  • 14. Kirby A. Sugden D. Beveridge S. Edwards L. Edwards R. (2008) Dyslexia and developmental co-ordination disorder in further and higher education-similarities and differences. Does the ‘label’ influence the support given? Dyslexia 14(3): 197-213.

  • 15. Kurtz L.A. (2003) How To Help A Clumsy Child. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

  • 16. Larkin D. Rose E. (2005) Assessment of Developmental Coordination Disorder. In: Sugden D.A. Chambers M.E. eds.: Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. London: Whurr Publishers Ltd. p. 135-154.

  • 17. Mandich A.D. Polatajko H.J. Rodger S. (2003) Rites of passage: understanding participation of children with developmental coordination disorder. Hum. Mov. Sci. 22(4-5): 583-595.

  • 18. Martini R. St-Pierre M. Wilson B. (2011) French Canadian cross-cultural adaptation of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire ’07: DCDQ-FC. Revue canadienne d’ergothérapie 78(5): 318-326.

  • 19. Missiuna C. Moll S. King S. King G. Law M. (2007) A trajectory of troubles: parents impressions of the impact of developmental coordination disorder. Phys. Occup. Ther. Pediatr. 27(1): 81-101.

  • 20. Missiuna C. Rivard L. Pollock N. (2004) They’re Bright but Can’t Write: Developmental Coordination Disorder in school aged children Teaching Exceptional Children Plus 1 Article 3.

  • 21. Netelenbos B. (2005) Teachers’ ratings of gross motor ability suffer from low concurrent ability. Hum. Mov. Sci. 24: 116-137.

  • 22. Osiński W. (2003) Antropomotoryka. Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego Poznań.

  • 23. Polatajko H.J. Cantin N. (2006) Developmental coordination disorder (Dyspraxia): an overview of the state of the art. Semin. Pediatr. Neurol. 12(4): 250-258.

  • 24. Portwood M. (2000) Developmental dyspraxia: a practical manual for parents and professionals. Durham-Educational Psychology Service Durham County Council.

  • 25. Prado M.S.S. Magalhães L.C. Wilson B.N. (2009) Cross-cultural adaptation of the developmental coordination disorder ques-tionnaire for Brazilian children. Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 13(3): 236-243.

  • 26. Rivard L. Camden C. Pollock N. Missiuna C. (2014) Knowledge to Practice in Developmental Coordination Disorder: Utility of en Evidence-Based Online Module for Physical Therapists. Phys. Occup. Ther. Pediatr. 35(2): 178-194.

  • 27. Rosenblum S. (2006) The development and standardization of the children activity scales (ChAS-P/T) for the early identifi cation of children with developmental coordination disorder. Child Care Health Dev. 32: 619-632.

  • 28. Schoemaker M.M. Flapper B. Verheij N.P. Wilson B.N. Reinders-Messelink H.A. De Kloet A. (2006) Evaluation of the developmental coordination disorder questionnaire as a screening instrument. Dev. Med. Child Neurol. 48: 668-673.

  • 29. Schoemaker M.M. Wilson B.N. (2015) Screening for Developmental Coordination Disorder in children. In: Cairney J. (ed.): Secondary consequences of developmental coordination disorder. Toronto ON: University of Toronto Press.

  • 30. Skinner R.A Piek J.P. (2001) Psychosocial implications of poor motor coordination in children and adolescents. Hum. Mov. Sci. 20(1-2): 73-94.

  • 31. Tseng M. Fu C. Wilson B.N. Hu F. (2010) Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the developmental coordi – nation disorder questionnaire in community-based children. Res. Dev. Disabil. 31: 33-45.

  • 32. Wilson B.N. Crawford S.G. Green D. Roberts G. Aylott A. Kaplan B.J. (2009) Psychometric Properties of the Revised Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire. Phys. Occup. Ther. Pediatr. 29(2): 182-202.

  • 33. Wilson B.N. Kaplan B.J. Crawford S.G. Campbell A. Dewey D. (2000) Reliability and validity of a parent questionnaire on childhood motor skills. Am. J. Occup. Ther. 54: 484-493.

  • 34. Vallaey M. Vandroemme G. (1999) Psychomotoriek bij kinderen. Leuven: Acco.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.38

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.144
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.432

Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 575 208 7
PDF Downloads 269 113 5