Effects of indoor cycling associated with diet on body composition and serum lipids
Study aim: To determine the effects of indoor cycling training combined with restricted diet, lasting 12 weeks, on serum lipid concentrations in obese women.
Material and methods: Twenty women aged 23.8 ± 3.6 years were randomly assigned into two groups: control (C) and experimental (E), the latter subjected to indoor cycling at various loads, 3 sessions weekly, every session lasting 45 min, combined with restricted diet (about 1200 kcal daily) for 12 weeks. The following variables were recorded: body height and mass, BMI, relative body fat content (from 7 skinfolds), fat-free mass, triglycerides, cholesterol and lipoproteins (HDL, LDL, VLDL).
Results: Significant increase in HDL and significant decreases in all other variables (except body height) were noted only in the experimental group.
Conclusions: Indoor cycling associated with restricted diet is an excellent option in controlling obesity and serum lipids.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Araújo F. A.T. Yamada M.V.M. Araújo M.R.D.O. Latorre A.J. Mansur (2005) Perfil lipídico de indivíduos sem cardiopatia com sobrepeso e obesidade. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 84:405-409.
Bastos A.A. R.G. Boto O.M. González S.A. Valle (2005) Obesidad nutrición y actividad física. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte 5:140-153.
Bouchard C. (2004) Handbook of Obesity: Etiology and Pathophysiology. 2nd ed. M. Dekker Inc. NY.
Christakis N.A. J.H. Fowler (2007) The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. New Engl.J. Med. 357:370-379.
Flocke S.A. A. Clark K. Schlessman G. Pomiecko (2005) Exercise diet and weight loss advice in the family medicine outpatient setting. Fam.Med. 37:415-421.
Hubert H.B. M. Feinleib P.M. Mcnamara W.P. Castelli (1983) Obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: a 26-year follow-up of participants in the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 67:968-977.
Inbar O. A. Oren M. Scheinowitz A. Rotstein R. Dlin R. Casaburi (1994) Normal cardiopulmonary responses during incremental exercise in 20- to 70-yr-old men. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc. 26:538-546.
Jackson A.S. M.L. Pollock (1978) Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br.J. Nutr. 40:497-504.
Kelley G.A. K.S. Kelley (2006) Aerobic exercise and lipids and lipoproteins in men: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Mens Health Gend. 3:61-70.
Lockwood C.M. J.R. Moon S.E. Tobkin A.A. Walter A.E. Smith V.J. Dalbo et al. (2008) Minimal nutrition intervention with high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat nutrientdense food supplement improves body composition and exercise benefits in overweight adults: A randomized controlled Trial. Nutr.Metab. 5:11.
Lofgren I. T. Zern K. Herron K. West M.J. Sharman J.S. Volek N.S. Shachter S.I. Koo M.L. Fernandez (2005) Weight loss associated with reduced intake of carbohydrate reduces the atherogenicity of LDL in premenopausal women. Metabolism 54:1133-1141.
Lohman T.G. A.F. Roche R. Martorell (1988) Anthropometric standardization reference manual. Champaign IL Human Kinetics Books.
Lyons L.M.S. L.P. Cahalin (2002) The effects of diet and exercise on serum lipids and risk of cardiovascular disease: a literature review and case study. Cardiopulm.Phys.Ther.J. 13: (September issue).
Mayo M.J. J.R. Grantham G. Balasekaran (2003) Exercise-induced weight loss preferentially reduces abdominal fat. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc. 35:207-213
Meirelles C.M. P.S.C. Gomes (2004) Acute effects of resistance exercise on energy expenditure: revisiting the impact of the training variables. Rev.Bras.Med.Esporte 10:122-130.
Mello D.B. (2004) Ciclismo Indoor. Ed. Sprint Rio de Janeiro.
Menozzi R Bondi M Baldini A M.G. Venneri A. Velardo G. Del Rio (2000) Resting metabolic rate fat-free mass and catecholamine excretion during weight loss in female obese patients. Br.J. Nutr. 84:515-520
Orzano A.J. J.G. Scott (2004) Diagnosis and treatment of obesity in adults: an applied evidence-based review. J.Am.Board Fam.Pract. 17:359-369.
Pollock M.L. J.H. Wilmore (1993) Exercícios na saúde e na doença: avaliação e prescrição para prevenção e reabilitação. 2nd ed. MEDSI Philadelphia.
Rector R.S. S.O. Warner Y. Liu P.S. Hinton G.Y. Sun R.H. Cox et al. (2007) Exercise and diet induced weight loss improves measures of oxidative stress and insulin sensitivity in adults with characteristics of the metabolic syndrome. Am.J. Physiol.Endocrinol.Metab. 293:E500-E506.
Roberts C.K. Ng.Carey Ng. S. Hama A.J. Eliseo R.J. Barnard (2006) Effect of a short-term diet and exercise intervention os inflammatory/anti-inflammatory properties of HDL in overweight/obese men with cardiovascular risk factors. J. Appl.Physiol. 101:1727-1732.
Romero C.E.M. A. Zanesco (2006) O papel dos hormônios leptina e grelina na gênese da obesidade. Rev.Nutr. 19: 85-91.
Shadid S. M.D. Jensen (2003) Effects of pioglitazone versus diet and exercise on metabolic health and fat distribution in upper body obesity. Diabetes Care 26:3148-3152.
Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (2001) III Diretrizes brasileiras sobre dislipidemias e diretriz de prevenção da aterosclerose do departamento de aterosclerose da sociedade brasileira de cardiologia.
Stefanick M.L. S. Mackey M. Sheehan N. Ellsworth W.L. Askell P. Wood (1998) Effects of diet and exercise in men and postmenopausal women with low levels of HDL cholesterol and high levels of LDL cholesterol. N. Engl.J. Med. 339:12-20.
Stiegler P. A. Cunliffe (2006) The role of diet and exercise for the maintenance of fat-free mass and resting metabolic rate during weight loss. Sports Med. 36:239-262.
Triola M.F. (2006) Introdução à Estatistica. 7th ed. Livros Técnicos e Científicos Editora Rio de Janeiro.
Tsintsifa E. P. Faxantidis A. Tsiligkiroglou-Fachantidou A. Deligiannis (2006) Interactions among habitual physical activity eating patterns and diet composition. Angiology 57:205-209.
Utter A.C. D.C. Nieman E.M. Shannonhouse D.E. Butterworth C.N. Nieman (1998) Influence of diet and/or exercise on body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in obese women. Int J Sport Nutr. 8:213-222.
Westcott W.L. R.A. Winett E.S. Anderson J.R. Wojcik R.L. Loud E. Cleggett S. Glover (2001) Effects of regular and slow-speed resistance training on muscle strength. J. Sports Med.Phys.Fitness 41:154-158.
Westman E.C. R.D. Feinman J.C. Mavropoulos M.C. Vernon J.S. Volek J.A. Wortman et al. (2007) Low-carbohydrate nutrition and metabolism. Am.J. Clin.Nutr. 86:276-284.
Wilborn C. J. Beckham B. Campbell T. Harvey M. Galbreath M. et al. (2005) Obesity: prevalence theories medical consequences management and research directions. J. Int.Soc. Sports Nutr. 2:4-31.
World Health Organization (2006) Facts about overweight and obesity. Fact sheet N°311. www.who.int