Two samples of NaTaO3 perovskite materials were prepared by the standard hydrothermal method at the same reaction temperature (600 °C) but with different sintering times: 6 hours for sample S1 and 12 hours for sample S2.
Using X-ray diffraction (XRD), it shows that samples S1 and S2 are mixtures of Na-Ta oxides (Ta2O5 and the prevailing phase NaTaO3). The scanning electron microscopy analysis (SEM), shows that the grains are connected each other in agglomerated clusters of size about few hundred nanometers.
The frequency (f) dependencies of complex impedance, Z(f) = Z’(f) - i Z’’(f) of the samples, over the frequency range 20 Hz - 2 MHz, at room temperature are presented. The real component Z’ of the complex impedance decreases with increasing frequency and the imaginary component Z’’ has two maximum corresponding to two relaxation processes.
The results obtained from the complex impedance spectroscopy, Z’’(Z’) showed the appearance of two semicircles, corresponding to grain and grain boundary mechanism. Experimental results have been fitted with two parallel RC equivalent circuits connected in series and the parameters R and C have been evaluated.