Application of Physical Vapor Deposition in Textile Industry

Pamela Miśkiewicz 1 , Iwona Frydrych 1  and Agnieszka Cichocka 1
  • 1 Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, 90-924, Lodz, Poland

Abstract

Currently, scientists are striving to produce innovative textile materials characterized by special properties. Therefore, attempts have been made to use physical and chemical vapor deposition techniques to modify the surface of textile materials, i.e., nonwovens, fabrics, and knitted fabrics. By using these techniques for modifying the basic materials, researchers have obtained textiles with novel properties, which are used in shielding materials, textronics, or clothing, as well as in specialized accessories. The PVD process can be applied for almost all materials. The physical vapor deposition process allows for obtaining layers of different thicknesses and with various physical and chemical properties. This article is a review of the latest state of the art on the use of various methods of physical vapor deposition in textiles destined for different purposes.

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