Designing a Three-Dimensional Woven Fabric Structure as an Element of a Baby Stroller

Bethalihem T. Samuel 1 , 2 , Marcin Barburski 1  and Tsegaye Sh. Lemmi 1
  • 1 Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, 90–924, Lodz, Poland
  • 2 Department of Textile Engineering, Ethiopia


A baby stroller allows the transportation of a child over long or short distances. The materials used to produce the stroller make it heavy for users, which creates difficulties when lifting the stroller. The goal of this project was to design and fabricate a three-dimensional (3D) fabric structure that can be used as part of a stroller seat to improve its mechanical and physical properties. The idea of implementing a woven 3D system allows the development of an egg-shaped or shell-like structure as part of a stroller seat. The combination of double-woven material and honeycomb polypropylene (as the reinforcing material) was used to create a 3D composite structure. Single and double layers of polypropylene honeycomb sandwiched within layers of linen flax fabric were used to prepare the composite samples. Subsequently, tests on mechanical and physical properties, such as density, flexural strength, and tensile strength, were carried out. Analysis of the results showed that the composite with one layer of honeycomb has half the density of polyvinyl chloride.

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