Natural fiber-reinforced composites are getting more attention from researchers and manufacturing companies to replace metals and synthetic materials that have dominated the manufacturing industries. In this study, the mechanical properties of unidirectional (UD) flax roving-reinforced composites and woven fabric-reinforced composites were investigated. Three different composites were prepared from flax rovings, which have the same linear density and epoxy resin matrix, with different reinforcement and composite preparation methods. The samples were subjected to experimental tests of flexural rigidity and tensile strength in a parallel and perpendicular direction to fiber orientation. The test results showed that flexural rigidity and tensile strength of flax fiber-reinforced composites are highly dependent on the direction of fiber orientation. The results also reveal that in a parallel direction to fiber orientation, UD composites have higher flexural rigidity and tensile strength than woven fabric-reinforced composite.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 Aleksendrić, D., Carlone, P. (2015). In soft computing in the design and manufacturing of composite materials. Composite Materials Manufacturing.
 Hull D. (2012). An introduction to composite material. Cambridge Solid State Science Series, [ISBN 0 521 28392-2].
 Masuelli, A. M. (2013). Introduction of fibre-reinforced polymers − polymers and composites: concepts, properties, and processes. Materials Science.
 Messiry, M. El. (2017). Natural fiber textile composite engineering. (1st ed.).
 Vanleeuw, B., Carvelli, V., Barburski, M., Lomov, S. V., van Vuure, A. W. (2015). Quasi-unidirectional flax composite reinforcement: deformability and complex shape forming. Composites Science and Technology, 110, 76-86.
 Long, A. C. (2006). Design and manufacture of textile composites. (1st ed.) Woodhead Publishing.
 Czub, K., Barburski, M. (2017). Mechanical properties of flax roving composites reinforcement. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 254 (2017), 17th World Textile Conference AUTEX 2017, 29–31 May, Greece.
 Aly, N. M. (2017). A review on utilization of textile composites in transportation towards sustainability. 17th World Textile Conference AUTEX 2017, 29 – 31 May, Greece.
 Habibi, M., Laperriere, L., Lebrun, G., Toubal, L. (2017). Combining short flax fiber mats and unidirectional flax yarns for composite applications. Effect of short flax fibers on baxial mechanical properties and damage behaviour. Composite Part B Engineering, 123, 165-178.
 Zhu, J., Zhu, H., Njuguna, J., Abhyankar, H. (2013). Recent development of flax fibres and their reinforced composites based on different polymeric matrices. Materials, 6, 5171-5198.
 Yan, L., Chouw, N., Jayaraman K. (2013). Flax fiber and its composites - a review. Composite: Part B, Elsevier, 56, 296-317.
 European Confederation of Flax and Hemp. (2012). Flax and Hemp fibres: a natural solution for the composite industry. (1st ed.).
 Morozov, E. V. (2004). Mechanics and analysis of fabric composites and structures, AUTEX Research Journal, 4(2).
 Barburski, M., Weigert, L., Fernández, I., Pouplier, S., Roth, S., et al. (2017). Woven reinforced composites for improving the design of the hyperextension brace. Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering, S3. doi:10.4172/2329-9568.S3-002.
 Omrani, F., Wang, P., Soulat, D., Ferreira, M. (2017). Mechanical properties of flax-fibre-reinforced preforms and composites: influence of the type of yarns on multi-scale characterisations. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 93, 72-81.
 Yukseloglu, S. M., Yoney, H. (2016). The mechanical properties of flax fibre reinforced composites, doi:10.1007/978-94-017-75151_19.
 Vishnu, P., Muhammed, H. C. V., Abhiraj, R., Jospeh, M., Kannan, S., et al. (2019). Mechanical properties of flax fiber reinforced composites manufactured using hand layup and compression molding—a comparison. 10.1007/978-981-13-6412-9_72.
 Vanleeuw, B., Carvelli, V., Lomov, S. V., Barburski, M., Vuure, A. W. (2014). Deformability of a flax reinforcement for composite materials. Key Engineering Materials, 611-612, 257-264; Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.611-612.257.
 Barburski, M., Masajtis, J. (2009). Modelling of the change of structure of woven fabric under mechanical loading. Fibres and Textiles Easter Europe, 1(72), 39-45, [ISSN 1230-3666].