Surface Characteristics of Seersucker Woven Fabrics

Malgorzata Matusiak 1  and Vladimir Bajzik 2
  • 1 Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, Institute of Architecture of Textiles, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland
  • 2 Department of Textile Evaluation, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Liberec


The surface characteristics of fabrics are important from the point of view of the sensorial comfort of clothing users. Surface friction and surface roughness are the most important surface parameters of fabrics. These parameters can be measured using different methods, the most important and well-accepted method being that using the Kawabata evaluation system (KES)-FB4 testing instrument. In this work, the surface roughness and surface friction of the seersucker woven fabric have been determined using the KES-FB4. However, the measurement procedure needs modification. On the basis of the results, the influence of the repeat of the seersucker effect and the linear density of the weft yarn on the surface parameters has been determined.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Rossi, R. (2005). Interaction between protection and thermal comfort. In: Scott, A. (Ed.). Textiles for Protection. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. (Cambridge, England). pp. 233-260.

  • [2] Moorthy, R. R., Kandhavadivu, P. (2015). Surface friction characteristics of woven fabrics with nonconventional fibers and their blends. Journal of Textile and Apparel Technology and Management, 9(3), 1-14.

  • [3] Carr, W. W., Posey, J. E., Tincher, W.C. (2007). Frictional characteristics of apparel fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 59(3), 129-136.

  • [4] Mooneghi, S. A., Saharkhiz, S. S., Varkiani, M. H. (2014). Surface roughness evaluation of textile fabrics: A literature review. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 9(2). Available at:

  • [5] Frącczak, Ł., Matusiak, M., Zgórniak, P. (2019). Investigation of friction coefficient of seersucker woven fabrics. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 27 3(135), 36-42.

  • [6] Lima, M., Hes, L., Vasconcelos, R., Martins, J. (2005). FRICTORQ, accessing fabric friction with a novel fabric surface tester. Autex Research Journal, 5(4), 194-201.

  • [7] Fracczak, L., Matusiak, M. (2017). Investigation of surface friction of the seersucker fabrics. In: Frydrych, I., Bartkowiak, G., Pawłowa, M. (Eds.). Innovations in clothing 3D design, products, fashion, technologies and testing of clothing materials. Lodz University of Technology (Lodz). pp. 235-249.

  • [8] Kawabata, S. (1980). The standardization and analysis of hand evaluation (2nd ed.). The Hand Evaluation and Standardization Committee, The Textile Machinery Society of Japan (Osaka).

  • [9] Greenwood, J.A. (1984). A unified theory of surface roughness. Proceedings of Royal Society, London, A393, 33.

  • [10] Semnani, D., Hasani, H., Behtaj, S., Ghorbani, E. (2011). Surface roughness measurement of weft knitted fabrics using image processing. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 19(3), 86.

  • [11] Sul, I. H., Hong, K. H., Shim, H., Kang, T.J. (2006). Surface roughness measurement of nonwovens using three-dimensional profile data. Textile Research Journal, 76(11), 828-834.

  • [12] Militky, J., Mazal, M. (2007). Image analysis method of surface roughness evaluation. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 19(34), 186-193.

  • [13] Gupta, B. S., Ajayi, J. O., Kutsenko, M. (2008). Experimental methods for analysing friction in textiles. In: Gupta, B. S. (Ed.). Friction in textile materials. Woodhead Publishing Limited (Cambridge, England). pp. 174-221.

  • [14] Savvas, G. V., Provatidis, C. G. (2004). Structural characterization of textile fabrics using surface roughness data. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 16(5), 445.

  • [15] Krucińska, I., Konecki, W., Michalak, M. (2006). Measurement systems in textile industry (in Polish). Lodz University of Technology (Lodz). pp. 252-329.

  • [16] Carrera-Gallissà, E., Capdevila, X., Escusa, M. (1951). Assessing friction in silk-like finished polyester fabrics. The Journal of the Textile Institute, 109(1), 113-120.

  • [17] Bowden, F. P., Tabor, D. (1951). Friction and lubrication of solids. American Journal of Physics, 19, 428.

  • [18] Frącczak, Ł., Matusiak, M. Influence of the structure of seersucker woven fabrics on their friction properties. Autex Research Journal (In press – accepted for publication).


Journal + Issues