The Hydrophobization of a Nanofiber Layer Using Low-Vacuum Plasma

Open access

Abstract

Nanofiber materials offer a wide range of use in various production fields, e.g., different types of filtration, or areas requiring high hydrostatic resistance. They are made from different polymers, some of which are more hydrophobic than others, for instance some types of polyurethanes and polyvinylidene fluoride. However, even these polyurethanes cannot guarantee a high hydrophobicity of the final nanofiber material. To increase this desired property, we have to use the so-called hydrophobic substances like fluorocarbon. The nanofiber layer has to be prepared so that its pores do not get blocked, which would worsen its filtration capability and air permeability. This is why a roll-to-roll low-vacuum plasma was used in our case for creating a fabric with nanofiber layer for the clothing industry. The result is a nanofiber material with a hydrostatic resistance higher than a 15,000 mm water column. Under suitable conditions, we can produce a nanofiber membrane for clothing with thermophysiological properties similar to those of membranes produced with different principles, e.g., nanoporous membranes. The nanofiber membrane provides us desirable properties such as stability during repeated washing.

[1] Singh, O. P. (1987). Stain removal characteristics of fabrics and stain-resistance/release finishing. Textile Dyer & Printer, 20(25), 24-27.

[2] Duschek, G. (2001). Emissionsarme und APEO-FRIE Fluorcarbon_Austrustung. Melliand Textilberichte, 82(7/8), 135-213.

[3] Ma, M., Hill, R. M. (2006). Superhydrophobic surfaces. Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 11(4), 193-202.

[4] Han, D., Steckl, A. J. (2009). Superhydrophobic and oleophobic fibers by coaxial electrospinning. Langmuir, 25(16), 9454-9462.

[5] Yoon, H., Park, J. H., Kim, G. H., A. (2010). Superhydrophobic surface fabricated by an electrostatic process. Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 31(16), 1435-1439.

[6] Liao, Y., Wang, R., Tian, M., Qiu, Ch., Fane, A. G. (2013). Fabrication of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofiber membranes by electro-spinning for direct contact membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science, 425-426, 30-39.

[7] Ma, M., Hill, R. M., Lowery, J. L., Fridrich, S. V., Rutledge, G. C. (2005). Electrospun poly(styrene-block-dimethylsiloxane) block copolymer fibers exhibiting superhydrophobicity. Langmuir, 21(12), 5549-5554.

[8] Jonoobi, M., Harun, J., Hathew, A. P., Hussein, M. Z. B., Oksman, K. (2010). Preparation of cellulose nanofibers with hydrophobic surface characteristics. Cellulose, 17(2), 299-307.

[9] Gautam, A. K., Jonoobi, M., Harun, J., Hathew, A. P., Hussein, M. Z. B., Oksman, K. (2010). Preparation of cellulose nanofibers with hydrophobic surface characteristics. Cellulose, 17(2), 299-307.

[10] Hsieh, Ch. T., Fan, W. S. (2006). Superhydrophobic behavior of fluorinated carbon nanofiber arrays. Applied Physics Letters, 88, 42-50.

[11] Lee, M., Ko, Y. G., Lee, J. B., Park, W. H., Cho, D., Kwon, O. H. (2014). Hydrophobization of silk fibroin nanofibrous membranes by fluorocarbon plasma treatment to modulate cell adhesion and proliferation behavior. Macromolecular Research, 22(7), 746-752.

[12] Balu, B., Breedveld, V., Hess, D. W. (2008). Fabrication of “roll-off” and “sticky” superhydrophobic cellulose surfaces via plasma processing. Langmuir, 24(9), 4785-4790.

[13] Lejeune, M., Valsesia, A., Kormunda, M., Colpo, P., Rossi, F. (2005). Structural characterization of nanopatterned surfaces. Surface Science, 583, 142-146.

[14] Thordvaldsson, A., Edvinsson, P., Glantz, A., Rodrigues, K., Wlkenstrom, P., Gatelm, P. (2012). Superhydrophobic behaviour of plasma modified electrospun cellulose nanofiber-coated microfibers. Cellulose, 19(5), 1743-1748.

[15] Panagiotis, D., Evangelos, G. (2018). Hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated using atmospheric pressure cold plasma technology: A review. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. 254(4), 1-21.

[16] Yang, J., Pu, Y., Miao, D., Ning, X. (2018). Fabrication of durably superhydrophobic cotton fabrics by atmospheric pressure plasma treatment with a siloxane precursor. Polymers, 10(4), 460.

[17] Novák, I., Valentin, M., Špitalský, Z., Popelka, A., Sestak, J., et al. (2017). Superhydrophobic polyester/cotton fabrics modified by barrier discharge plasma and organosilanes. Journal Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, Published online: 27 Dec 2017, 440-448.

[18] Ryu, J., Kim, K., Park, J. Y., Hwang, B. G., Ko, J. C., et al. (2017). Nearly perfect durable superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by a simple one-step plasma treatment. Scientific reports, volume 7, article number: 1981

[19] Kissa, E. (1984). Repellent finishes. In: Lewin, M., Sellon, S.B. (Ed.) Handbook of fiber science and technology, vol. II, Chemical processing of fibers and fabrics. Functional finishes. Part B. (2nd ed.) Marcel Dekker (New York).

[20] Biederman, H. (2004) Plasma polymer films. (1st ed.). Imperial College Press (London).

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.927
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1,016

CiteScore 2018: 1.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.395
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.044

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 14 14 14
PDF Downloads 5 5 5