Influence of Modified Cationic Starch in a Mixed Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)/Cationic Starch Solution on the Electrospinning Process and Web Structure

Open access

Abstract

Nanofibers were electrospun from bicomponent poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and modified cationic starch (CS) mixed solution PVA/CS with different mass ratios (75/25, 50/50 and 35/65) at a total concentration of 12 wt% for all polymer compositions. For comparison, pure PVA solution was used. Electrospinning technique Nanospider (Elmarco, Czech Republic) with a rotating electrode with tines was used to obtain nanofibrous web. The influence of prepared polymer solution compositions on the structure and morphology of nanofibers and webs were investigated. Analyzing the structure and morphology of the formed nanofiber webs, it was noticed that the fineness nanofibers were formed from the PVA/CS solution with a mass ratio of 50/50. This ratio of solution also lets us to obtain the nanofibrous web with less sticked nanofibers on spunbond. The increase in the CS ratio by more than 50/50 had a negative influence on the diameter of nanofibers and the structure of nanofibrous web.

[1] Bhardwaj, N., Kundu, S. C. (2010). Electrospinning: a fascinating fiber fabrication technique. Biotechnology Advances, 28, 325-347.

[2] Huang, Z. M., Zhang, Y. Z., Kotaki, M., Ramakrishna, S. (2003). A review on polymer nanofibres by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites. Composites Science and Technology, 63(15), 2223-2253.

[3] Kleivaite, V., Milašius, R. (2018). Electrospinning - 100 Years of investigations and still open questions of web structure estimation. AUTEX Research Journal, 4(18), 398-404.

[4] Stijnman, A. C., Bodnar, I., Tromp, R. H. (2011). Electrospinning of food-grade polysaccharides. Food Hydrocolloids, 25, 1393-1398.

[5] Hualin, W., Wenjuan, W., Suwei, J., Shoatong, J., Linfeng, Z., Qin, Z. (2011). Poly(vinyl alcohol)/oxidized starch fibres via electrospinning technique: fabrication and characterization. Iranian Polymer Journal, 20(7), 551-558.

[6] Sutka, A., Kukle, S., Gravitis, J., Milašius, R., Malašauskiene J. (2013). Nanofibre electrospinning poly(vinyl alcohol) and cellulose composite mats obtained by use of a cylindrical electrode. Advances in Mate rials Science and Engineering. 2013 (2013), DOI:10.1155/2013/932636.

[7] Goktepe, F., Mulayim, B. B. (2018). Long path towards to success in electrospun nanofiber yarn production since

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.927
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1,016

CiteScore 2018: 1.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.395
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.044

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 148 148 5
PDF Downloads 59 59 5